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Cleavage Bioinformatics

Post-translational modifications (PTMs) take many forms; some PTMs involve the attachment of functional groups to amino acid residues, while other PTMs involve the cleavage of parts of proteins, or even the degradation of the entire protein itself. Protein cleavage is critical for cellular functions such as apoptosis, signaling and cell-cell interaction. Post-translational protein cleavage, also known as proteolysis, is carried out by enzymes called proteases. Each protease cleaves a protein's peptide bonds at a specific cleavage site, and proteases are classified based on the residue on which they take action.

Cleavage Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Cleavage below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 3052 products for the study of Cleavage that can be applied to Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Western Blot, Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP), Immunohistochemistry from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

AF835
Caspase‑3 was detected in immersion fixed anti-FAS treated Jurkat human acute T cell leukemia cell line using 0.3 µg/mL Human/Mouse Active Caspase‑3 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF835) for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained (red) and counterstained (green). View our protocol for <A class=    Caspase‑3  was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human colon  cancer tissue using Rabbit Anti-Human/Mouse Active Caspase‑3  Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF835) at  1 µg/mL for 1 hour at room temperature followed by  incubation with the Anti-Rabbit IgG VisUCyte™ HRP Polymer Antibody  (Catalog # <a class=

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications IHC, ICC

     9 Reviews

136 Publications
NBP2-27335
Western Blot: PARP Antibody (194C1439) - (Azide Free), Cleaved [NBP2-27335] - Analysis of cleaved PARP in staurosporine-treated Jurkat cells at various time points, using this antibody. The band corresponding to cleaved PARP is only seen in the treated samples. Anti-mouse Ig HRP conjugate was used in this test.Western Blot: PARP Antibody (194C1439) - (Azide Free), Cleaved [NBP2-27335] - Analysis using 293T lysates expressing PARP. Image from verified customer review.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Flow, CyTOF-ready

     1 Review

5 Publications
NBP2-43728
Western Blot: Collagen XI alpha 2 Antibody (473) [NBP2-43728] - Various tissue extracts (50 ug) were separated by 5% SDS-PAGE, and the membrane was blotted with COL11A2 antibody [473]  diluted at 1:500. The HRP-conjugated anti-mouse IgG antibody (NBP2-19382) was used to detect the primary antibody.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Collagen XI alpha 2 Antibody (473) [NBP2-43728] - A431 cells were fixed in ice-cold MeOH for 5 min. Green: COL11A2 protein stained by COL11A2 antibody [473] diluted at 1:500. Blue: Hoechst 33342 staining.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF

NBP2-13075
Immunohistochemistry: beta Amyloid Antibody (MOAB-2) [NBP2-13075] - IHC analysis of beta Amyloid on normal mouse brain (left) and 5xFAD mouse brain (right) using DAB with hematoxylin counterstain.  The MOAB-2 antibody was used at 1:20 on normal mouse brain and at 1:400 on 5xFAD mouse brain.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: beta Amyloid Antibody (MOAB-2) [NBP2-13075] - IHC analysis of a formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue section of human brain (Alzheimers disease, hippocampus) using 1:200 dilution of anti-beta Amyloid antibody (clone MOAB-2). The staining was developed with HRP labeled anti-mouse secondary antibody and DAB reagent, and nuclei of cells were counter-stained with hematoxylin. This beta Amyloid antibody specifically stained the cells with Abeta 42/ Abeta aggregates while the normal cells were negative for abeta peptide.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, ICC/IF

     1 Review

13 Publications
210-TA
Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.


Species Human

     21 Reviews

527 Publications
NB100-56098
Western Blot: Bcl-2 Antibody [NB100-56098] - Analysis of Bcl-2 in whole cell lysate from Daoy cells. Cells were transfected with (1) scrambled control siRNA or (2) Bcl-2 siRNA. Image from verified customer review.Western Blot: Bcl-2 Antibody [NB100-56098] - Analysis of whole cell lysate (WCL) of Jurkat cells using anti-Bcl-2 antibody (NB100-56098) at 1:1000 dilution. HRP conjugated goat anti-rabbit IgG (H+L) cross adsorbed secondary antibody was used with ECL substrate for the detection of Bcl2 antibody bound to the blotted protein. This Bcl2 antibody detected a specific band at expected molecular weight marker position of Bcl2 protein (26kDa).

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Canine
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

     2 Reviews

7 Publications
NB100-56503
Western Blot: Cytochrome c Antibody (7H8.2C12) [NB100-56503] - Analysis using the biotin conjugate of NB100-56503. Detection of Cytochrome C in 15 mg of HeLa cell lysate using NB100-55775 at 1:1000. A 15 kDa band is detected.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Cytochrome c Antibody (7H8.2C12) [NB100-56503] - p73 was detected in immersion fixed Hela human cell line using  NB100-56503 at 25 ug/ml for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights(TM) 557-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL007) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Staining was observed in the cytoplasm and mitochondria.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, Flow

49 Publications
NB100-56116
Western Blot: Caspase-8 Antibody - (active/cleaved) [NB100-56116] -  Analysis of active/cleaved Caspase 8 in NRK whole cell lysate using anti-active/cleaved Caspase 8 antibody. Image from verified customer review.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Caspase-8 Antibody - (active/cleaved) [NB100-56116] - Sections from a brain tissue array stained for Caspase-8 expression using NB100-56116 at 1:2000. A. Normal brain stem (1) and cortex (2). B. Higher magnification of cortex (from A). C. Higher magnification of brain stem (from A). D. Normal cerebellum showing caspase-8 staining in the Purkinge cells.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

     1 Review

40 Publications
NBP1-28566
Western Blot: Bax Antibody (6A7) [NBP1-28566] - Total cell lysates from NIH/3T3 cells were resolved by electrophoresis, transferred to PVDF membrane, and probled with Mouse Anti-Bax UNLB.  Immunohistochemistry-Frozen: Bax Antibody (6A7) [NBP1-28566] - Mouse retina with no pretreatment

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

     3 Reviews

4 Publications
AF800
Western blot shows lysates of A431 human epithelial carcinoma cell line (5 x 10<SUP>4</SUP> cells, lane 1 and 2.5 x 10<SUP>4</SUP> cells, lane 2) and NIH‑3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 0.3 µg/mL of Rabbit Anti-Human Bcl‑x Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF800) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Rabbit IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=<P align=left>Bcl-x was immunoprecipitated from lysates (7 x 10<SUP>5 </SUP>cells) of A431 human epithelial carcinoma cell line following incubation with 3 µg Rabbit Anti-Human Bcl‑x Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF800) for 30‑60 minutes at 4 °C. Bcl-x-antibody complexes were absorbed using Protein A Immunoprecipitin (Life Technologies). Immuno­precipitated Bcl-x was detected by Western blot using 0.3 µg/mL Rabbit Anti-Human Bcl‑x Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF800). View our <A class=NoLineLink href=

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, Simple Western, IP

     1 Review

6 Publications
NB100-1533
Western Blot: POMC Antibody [NB100-1533] - Western blot analysis of POMC using NB100-1533 at 0.01ug/ml in NIH 3T3 lysate (35ug protein in RIPA buffer). Primary incubation was 1 hour. Detected by chemiluminescence.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: POMC Antibody [NB100-1533] - Analysis in human Anterior Pituitary Gland shows vesilulate staining in glandular cells.

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Porcine
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

7 Publications
NB100-74510
Western Blot: Presenilin-1 Antibody (APS 18) [NB100-74510] - Analysis of THP-1 cell lysate.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Presenilin-1 Antibody (APS 18) [NB100-74510] - Analysis of Presenilin 1 using Presenilin 1 Monoclonal antibody (APS 18) shows staining in A2058 melanoma cells. Presenilin 1 staining (green), F-Actin staining with Phalloidin (red) and nuclei with DAPI (blue) is shown. Cells were grown on chamber slides and fixed with formaldehyde prior to staining. Cells were probed without (control) or with or an antibody recognizing Presenilin 1 at a dilution of 1:20-1:100 over night at 4C, washed with PBS and incubated with a DyLight-488 conjugated.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, ICC/IF

4 Publications
AF860
Western blot shows Jurkat human acute T cell leukemia cell line treated with apoptosis inducer anti-Fas for the indicated times. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL Goat Anti-Human/Mouse BID Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF860) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=Simple Western lane view shows lysates of Jurkat human acute T cell leukemia cell line, loaded at 0.2 mg/mL. A specific band was detected for BID at approximately 29 kDa (as indicated) using 10 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human/Mouse BID Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF860) followed by 1:50 dilution of HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, Simple Western, IP

     3 Reviews

15 Publications
NB200-540
Flow (Intracellular): Complement C3 Antibody (11H9) [NB200-540] - An intracellular stain was performed on RAW 246.7 cells with Complement C3 (11H9-3-2) antibody NB200-540 (blue) and a matched isotype control NBP2-31382 (orange). Cells were either treated with 3uM Monensin for 3 hours to block the secretion of Complement C3 (B) or grown in normal media (A). Cells were fixed with 4% PFA and then permeablized with 0.1% saponin. Cells were incubated in an antibody dilution of 2 ug/mL for 30 minutes at room temperature, followed by mouse F(ab)2 IgG (H+L) PE-conjugated secondary antibody (F0102B, R&D Systems).Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Complement C3 Antibody (11H9) [NB200-540] - C3 protein fragments deposited on kidney cells of MPL-lpr mouse. Staining with antibody 11H9. Glomerular staining pattern. Fixation in 4% paraformaldehyde in PBS pH 7.4. Vibratome sections of 4 um. Pretreated with 3% hydrogen peroxide for 20 min to quench endogenous peroxidases. Microwaved in antigen unmasking solution for 2-5 minutes as antigen retrieval.

Rat Monoclonal
Species Mouse
Applications WB, Flow, IA

     1 Review

2 Publications
NB200-103
Western Blot: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - Analysis of p53 in MCF7 and HeLa lystates. Image courtesy of anonymous customer product review.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - HeLa cells were fixed for 10 minutes using 10% formalin and then permeabilized for 5 minutes using 1X TBS + 0.5% Triton X-100. The cells were incubated with anti-p53 (PAb 240) [NB200-103] at a 1:200 dilution overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-mouse DyLight 488 (Green) at a 1:500 dilution. Actin was detected with Phalloidin 568 (Red) at a 1:200 dilution. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue). Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

     3 Reviews

22 Publications
AF887
Western blot shows lysates of NIH‑3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 100 ng/mL Human PDGF (Catalog #<A class=NoLineLink href=Akt phosphorylated at S473 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human breast cancer tissue using Rabbit Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat Phospho-Akt (S473) Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF887) at 10 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Rabbit HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

19 Publications
NB600-930
Western Blot: Plasminogen Antibody [NB600-930] - Lane 1: Plasminogen. Lane 2: None. Load: 50 ng per lane. Primary antibody: Plasminogen primary antibody at 1:1,000 overnight at 4C. Secondary antibody: Peroxidase goat secondary antibody at 1:40,000 for 60 min at RT. Blocking: incubated with blocking buffer for 30 min at RT. Predicted/Observed size: 91 kDa, 91 kDa for Plasminogen. Other band(s): None.Western Blot: Plasminogen Antibody [NB600-930] - Detection of Plasminogen under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions. Reduced samples of purified target proteins contained 4% BME and were boiled for 5 minutes. Samples of 1ug of protein per lane were run by SDS-PAGE. Protein was transferred to nitrocellulose and probed with 1:3000 dilution of primary antibody. Detection shown was using Dylight 649 conjugated Donkey anti goat 1 hr RT.

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Bacteria
Applications WB, ELISA

     2 Reviews

8 Publications
MAB931
Western blot shows lysates of human brain (Alzheimer's disease hippocampus) tissue. PVDF Membrane was probed with 2 µg/mL of Mouse Anti-Human/Mouse BACE‑1 Ectodomain Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB931) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, IHC, CyTOF-ready

     1 Review

4 Publications