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Cleavage Bioinformatics

Post-translational modifications (PTMs) take many forms; some PTMs involve the attachment of functional groups to amino acid residues, while other PTMs involve the cleavage of parts of proteins, or even the degradation of the entire protein itself. Protein cleavage is critical for cellular functions such as apoptosis, signaling and cell-cell interaction. Post-translational protein cleavage, also known as proteolysis, is carried out by enzymes called proteases. Each protease cleaves a protein's peptide bonds at a specific cleavage site, and proteases are classified based on the residue on which they take action.

Cleavage Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Cleavage below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 2815 products for the study of Cleavage that can be applied to Western Blot, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP), Immunohistochemistry from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

NB100-56708
Western Blot: Caspase-3 Antibody (31A1067) - (Pro and Active) [NB100-56708] - Analysis using the Azide Free version of NB100-56708. Detection of Caspase-3 activation in HeLa cells. Cells were treated with 2mM staurosporine for different time periods. Caspase-3 activation is determined by cleavage of procaspase-3.Western Blot: Caspase-3 Antibody (31A1067) - (Pro and Active) [NB100-56708] - Western Blot Image of anti-Caspase 3 (31A1067).  Whole cell protein from Jurkat cells treated with and without 2 uM staurosporine as indicated was separated on a 4-15% gel by SDS-PAGE, transferred to 0.2 um PVDF membrane and blocked in 5% non-fat milk in TBST.  The membrane was probed with 5 ug/ml anti-Caspase 3 in 1% milk, and detected with an anti-mouse HRP secondary antibody using a Femto sensitivity chemiluminescence reagent.  Note the detection of both pro-caspase 3 at 35 kDa and the cleaved active caspase 3 at 15-17 kDa.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, EM

     1 Review

113 Publications
NBP2-27335
Western Blot: PARP Antibody (194C1439) - (Azide Free), Cleaved [NBP2-27335] - PARP Antibody (194C1439) [Azide Free] [NBP2-27335] - Analysis of cleaved PARP in staurosporine-treated Jurkat cells at various time points, using this antibody. The band corresponding to cleaved PARP is only seen in the treated samples. anti-mouse Ig HRP conjugate was used in this test.Western Blot: PARP Antibody (194C1439) [Azide Free] [NBP2-27335] - Western analysis using 293T lysates expressing PARP. Image from verified customer review.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Flow, CyTOF-ready

     1 Review

5 Publications
NBP2-43728
Western Blot: Collagen XI alpha 2 Antibody (473) [NBP2-43728] - Analysis of A. 30 ug 293T whole cell lysate/extract B. 30 ug whole cell lysate/extract of human COL11A2-transfected 293T cells (N-terminal fragment of COL11A2 isoform 1) 12 % SDS-PAGE COL11A2 antibody [473] dilution: 1:5000Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Collagen XI alpha 2 Antibody (473) [NBP2-43728] - Analysis of A431 cells were fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde at RT for 15 min. Green: COL11A2 protein stained by COL11A2 antibody [473] diluted at 1:500. Blue: Hoechst 33342 staining.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ICC/IF

NBP2-13075
Immunohistochemistry: beta Amyloid Antibody (MOAB-2) [NBP2-13075] - IHC analysis of beta Amyloid on normal mouse brain (left) and 5xFAD mouse brain (right) using DAB with hematoxylin counterstain.  The MOAB-2 antibody was used at 1:20 on normal mouse brain and at 1:400 on 5xFAD mouse brain.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: beta Amyloid Antibody (MOAB-2) [NBP2-13075] - IHC analysis of a formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue section of human brain (Alzheimers disease, hippocampus) using 1:200 dilution of anti-beta Amyloid antibody (clone MOAB-2). The staining was developed with HRP labeled anti-mouse secondary antibody and DAB reagent, and nuclei of cells were counter-stained with hematoxylin. This beta Amyloid antibody specifically stained the cells with Abeta 42/ Abeta aggregates while the normal cells were negative for abeta peptide.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, ICC/IF

12 Publications
210-TA/CF
Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA/CF) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.


Species Human

475 Publications
NB100-56098
Western Blot: Bcl-2 Antibody [NB100-56098] - Analysis of Bcl-2 in whole cell lysate from Daoy cells. Cells were transfected with scrambled control siRNA (lane 1) or Bcl-2 siRNA (lane2). Image from verified customer review.Western Blot: Bcl-2 Antibody [NB100-56098] - WB analysis of whole cell lysate (WCL) of Jurkat cells using anti-Bcl-2 antibody (NB100-56098) at 1:1000 dilution. HRP conjugated goat anti-rabbit IgG (H+L) cross adsorbed secondary antibody was used with ECL substrate for the detection of Bcl2 antibody bound to the blotted protein. This Bcl2 antibody detected a specific band at expected molecular weight marker position of Bcl2 protein (26kDa).

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Canine
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

     2 Reviews

6 Publications
NB100-56503
Western Blot: Cytochrome c Antibody (7H8.2C12) [NB100-56503] - Analysis using the Biotin conjugate of NB100-56503. Detection of Cytochrome C in 15 mgs of HeLa cell lysate using NB100-55775 at 1:1000. A 15 kDa band is detected.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Cytochrome c Antibody (7H8.2C12) [NB100-56503] - p73 was detected in immersion fixed Hela human cell line using Cytochrome C [7H8.2C12] Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # NB100-56503) at 25 ug/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL007) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Staining was observed in the cytoplasm and mitochondria.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, Flow

46 Publications
NBP1-28566
Western Blot: Bax Antibody (6A7) [NBP1-28566] - Total cell lysates from NIH/3T3 cells were resolved by electrophoresis, transferred to PVDF membrane, and probled with Mouse Anti-Bax UNLB.  Immunohistochemistry-Frozen: Bax Antibody (6A7) [NBP1-28566] - Mouse retina with no pretreatment

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

     3 Reviews

3 Publications
NB100-56104
Western Blot: Bcl-xL Antibody [NB100-56104] - Analysis of Bcl-xL in Daoy whole cell lysate using anti-Bcl-xL antibody. Image from verified customer review.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Bcl-Xl Antibody [NB100-56104] - Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human epidermis stained for Bcl-X expression using this antibody at the bottom of the images were negative for Bcl-X expression. The adjacent stratum spinosum and middle stratum granulosum layers were both very positive for Bcl-X expression. The top stratum corneum consisting mainly of dead or peeling cells were both negative for Bcl-X expression.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-Fr

     1 Review

1 Publication
NB100-1533
Western Blot: POMC Antibody [NB100-1533] - Western blot analysis of POMC using NB100-1533 at 0.01ug/ml in NIH 3T3 lysate (35ug protein in RIPA buffer). Primary incubation was 1 hour. Detected by chemiluminescence.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: POMC Antibody [NB100-1533] - Analysis in human Anterior Pituitary Gland shows vesilulate staining in glandular cells.

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Porcine
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

7 Publications
NB300-749
Western Blot: Presenilin-1 Antibody (APS 11) [NB300-749] - Analysis of 25 ug of SH-SY5Y (lane 1), human brain (lane 2) and mouse brain (lane 3).Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Presenilin-1 Antibody (APS 11) [NB300-749] - Mouse fibroblasts.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, ICC/IF

     1 Review

1 Publication
NB100-56106
Western Blot: BID Antibody [NB100-56106] - Analysis of Bid in normal mouse tissues using this antibody. BID = recombinant Bid. Arrowheads indicate the positions of the full-length (uncleaved) ~22 kDa Bid and the ~15 kDa truncated form of Bid (tBid) typical of the caspase-cleavage. Additional bands representing partial Bid degradation products are indicated by asterisks (*).Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: BID Antibody [NB100-56106] - Two cores from a human ovarian carcinoma formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue microarray demonstrate the variable expression of Bid protein.  The sections were stained with Bid antibody at 1:2000  with hematoxylin-eosin counterstain.  Section A shows very weak staining while section B stains much more strongly.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-Fr

     1 Review

4 Publications
NB200-540
Flow (Intracellular): Complement C3 Antibody (11H9) [NB200-540] - An intracellular stain was performed on RAW 246.7 cells with Complement C3 (11H9-3-2) antibody NB200-540 (blue) and a matched isotype control NBP2-31382 (orange). Cells were either treated with 3uM Monensin for 3 hours to block the secretion of Complement C3 (B) or grown in normal media (A). Cells were fixed with 4% PFA and then permeablized with 0.1% saponin. Cells were incubated in an antibody dilution of 2 ug/mL for 30 minutes at room temperature, followed by mouse F(ab)2 IgG (H+L) PE-conjugated secondary antibody (F0102B, R&D Systems).Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Complement C3 Antibody (11H9) [NB200-540] - C3 protein fragments deposited on  kidney cells of MPL-lpr mouse. Staining with antibody 11H9. Glomerular staining pattern.

Rat Monoclonal
Species Mouse
Applications WB, Flow, IA

     1 Review

1 Publication
NB200-103
Western Blot: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - WB analysis of p53 in MCF7 and HeLa lystates. Image courtesy of anonymous customer product review.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - HeLa cells were fixed for 10 minutes using 10% formalin and then permeabilized for 5 minutes using 1X TBS + 0.5% Triton-X100. The cells were incubated with anti-p53 (PAb 240) [NB200-103] at a 1:200 dilution overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-mouse Dylight 488 (Green) at a 1:500 dilution. Actin was detected with Phalloidin 568 (Red) at a 1:200 dilution. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue). Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

     2 Reviews

22 Publications
AF887
Western blot shows lysates of NIH‑3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 100 ng/mL Human PDGF (Catalog #<A class=NoLineLink href=Akt phosphorylated at S473 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human breast cancer tissue using Rabbit Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat Phospho-Akt (S473) Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF887) at 10 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Rabbit HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

18 Publications
MAB931
Western blot shows lysates of human brain (Alzheimer's disease hippocampus) tissue. PVDF Membrane was probed with 2 µg/mL of Mouse Anti-Human/Mouse BACE‑1 Ectodomain Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB931) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, IHC, CyTOF-ready

     1 Review

4 Publications