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Cleavage Bioinformatics

Post-translational modifications (PTMs) take many forms; some PTMs involve the attachment of functional groups to amino acid residues, while other PTMs involve the cleavage of parts of proteins, or even the degradation of the entire protein itself. Protein cleavage is critical for cellular functions such as apoptosis, signaling and cell-cell interaction. Post-translational protein cleavage, also known as proteolysis, is carried out by enzymes called proteases. Each protease cleaves a protein's peptide bonds at a specific cleavage site, and proteases are classified based on the residue on which they take action.

Top Research Reagents

We have 4621 products for the study of Cleavage that can be applied to Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP), Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/ Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Western Blot from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

NB100-74510
Western Blot: Presenilin-1 Antibody (APS 18) [NB100-74510] - Analysis of THP-1 cell lysate.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Presenilin-1 Antibody (APS 18) [NB100-74510] - Analysis of Presenilin 1 using Presenilin 1 Monoclonal antibody (APS 18) shows staining in A2058 melanoma cells. Presenilin 1 staining (green), F-Actin staining with Phalloidin (red) and nuclei with DAPI (blue) is shown. Cells were grown on chamber slides and fixed with formaldehyde prior to staining. Cells were probed without (control) or with or an antibody recognizing Presenilin 1 at a dilution of 1:20-1:100 over night at 4C, washed with PBS and incubated with a DyLight-488 conjugated.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, ICC/IF

     1 Review

5 Publications
NB200-540
Flow (Intracellular): Complement C3 Antibody (11H9) [NB200-540] - An intracellular stain was performed on RAW 246.7 cells with Complement C3 (11H9-3-2) antibody NB200-540 (blue) and a matched isotype control NBP2-31382 (orange). Cells were either treated with 3uM Monensin for 3 hours to block the secretion of Complement C3 (B) or grown in normal media (A). Cells were fixed with 4% PFA and then permeablized with 0.1% saponin. Cells were incubated in an antibody dilution of 2 ug/mL for 30 minutes at room temperature, followed by mouse F(ab)2 IgG (H+L) PE-conjugated secondary antibody (F0102B, R&D Systems).Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Complement C3 Antibody (11H9) [NB200-540] - C3 protein fragments deposited on kidney cells of MPL-lpr mouse. Staining with antibody 11H9. Glomerular staining pattern. Fixation in 4% paraformaldehyde in PBS pH 7.4. Vibratome sections of 4 um. Pretreated with 3% hydrogen peroxide for 20 min to quench endogenous peroxidases. Microwaved in antigen unmasking solution for 2-5 minutes as antigen retrieval.

Rat Monoclonal
Species Mouse, E. coli
Applications Flow, IA, ICC/IF

     2 Reviews

29 Publications
NB200-103
Western Blot: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - Analysis of p53 in MCF7 and HeLa lystates. Image courtesy of anonymous customer product review.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - PC12 cells were fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde for 10 minutes and permeabilized in 0.5% Triton X-100 in PBS for 5 minutes. The cells were incubated with anti-p53 Antibody (PAb 240) NB200-103 at 2 ug/ml overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-mouse Dylight 488 (Green) at a 1:1000 dilution for 60 minutes. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue).  Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

     3 Reviews

39 Publications
NBP2-13075
IHC analysis of beta Amyloid on normal mouse brain (left) and 5xFAD mouse brain (right) using DAB with hematoxylin counterstain.  The MOAB-2 antibody was used at 1:20 on normal mouse brain and at 1:400 on 5xFAD mouse brain.Analysis of beta Amyloid (MOAB-2) antibody in (1) 100 pmole beta Amyloid 42, (2) 5xFAD mouse brain homogenate Repetition 1 and (3) 5xFAD mouse brain homogenate Repetition 2.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, DB, ELISA

     2 Reviews

63 Publications
NB600-930
Western Blot: Plasminogen Antibody [NB600-930] - Lane 1: Plasminogen. Lane 2: None. Load: 50 ng per lane. Primary antibody: Plasminogen primary antibody at 1:1,000 overnight at 4C. Secondary antibody: Peroxidase goat secondary antibody at 1:40,000 for 60 min at RT. Blocking: incubated with blocking buffer for 30 min at RT. Predicted/Observed size: 91 kDa, 91 kDa for Plasminogen. Other band(s): None.Western Blot: Plasminogen Antibody [NB600-930] - Detection of Plasminogen under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions. Reduced samples of purified target proteins contained 4% BME and were boiled for 5 minutes. Samples of 1ug of protein per lane were run by SDS-PAGE. Protein was transferred to nitrocellulose and probed with 1:3000 dilution of primary antibody. Detection shown was using Dylight 649 conjugated Donkey anti goat 1 hr RT.

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA

     2 Reviews

6 Publications
NB100-56098
Western Blot: Bcl-2 Antibody [NB100-56098] - Analysis of Bcl-2 in whole cell lysate from Daoy cells. Cells were transfected with (1) scrambled control siRNA or (2) Bcl-2 siRNA. Image from verified customer review.Western Blot: Bcl-2 Antibody [NB100-56098] - EA reduced MPP+-induced dopaminergic neuronal apoptosis by increasing BDNF (brain-derived neurotrophic factor) expression and further Akt phosphorylation in the rat substantia nigra. Eight days after MPP+ administration, our Western blot results (MAB7566) show that MPP+ treatment reduced tyrosine hydroxylase and Bcl-2 expression in the ipsilateral side of the rat substantia nigra (SN), but not in the contralateral side. EA stimulation (50 Hz) enhanced mature BDNF, tyrosine hydroxylase, and Bcl-2 expression in the MPP+-treated ipsilateral side. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/18/9/1846), licensed under a CC-BY license.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

     2 Reviews

23 Publications
NB100-1533
Immunohistochemistry: POMC Antibody [NB100-1533] - Representative confocal images of POMC in POMC-transfected WT and Sel1L-/- N2a cells. White arrows point to POMC-containing secretory granules, while yellow arrows point to perinuclear POMC. KDEL marks the ER. Representative data from at least 2 independent experiments are shown. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (jci.org/articles/view/96420), licensed under a CC-BY license.Flow Cytometry: POMC Antibody [NB100-1533] - Flow cytometric analysis of paraformaldehyde fixed A431 cells (blue line), permeabilized with 0.5% Triton. Primary incubation 1hr (10 ug/mL) followed by Alexa Fluor 488 secondary antibody (1 ug/mL). IgG control: Unimmunized goat IgG (black line) followed by Alexa Fluor 488 secondary antibody.

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

10 Publications
AF887
Western blot shows lysates of NIH‑3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 100 ng/mL Human PDGF (Catalog #<A class=NoLineLink href=Akt phosphorylated at S473 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human breast cancer tissue using Rabbit Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat Phospho-Akt (S473) Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF887) at 10 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Rabbit HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

32 Publications
AF860
Western blot shows Jurkat human acute T cell leukemia cell line treated with apoptosis inducer anti-Fas for the indicated times. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL Goat Anti-Human/Mouse BID Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF860) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=    Western  blot shows lysates of SVEC4‑10 mouse vascular endothelial cell  line and Jurkat human acute T cell leukemia cell line. PVDF membrane was  probed with 1 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human/Mouse BID Antigen  Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF860) followed by  HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, Simple Western, IP

     1 Review

22 Publications
AF835
Caspase‑3 was detected in immersion fixed anti-FAS treated Jurkat human acute T cell leukemia cell line using 0.3 µg/mL Human/Mouse Active Caspase‑3 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF835) for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained (red) and counterstained (green). View our protocol for <A class=Caspase‑3 was detected in immersion fixed Jurkat human acute T cell leukemia cell line stimulated with staurosporin using Human/Mouse Active Caspase‑3 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF835) at 10 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Rabbit IgG Secondary Antibody (yellow; Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications IHC, ICC

     7 Reviews

210 Publications
210-TA
Recombinant Human TNF-alpha (Catalog # 210-TA) has a molecular weight (MW) of 53.1 kDa as analyzed by SEC-MALS, suggesting that this protein is a homotrimer.  MW may differ from predicted MW due to post-translational modifications (PTMs) present (i.e. Glycosylation).Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     3 Reviews

790 Publications
MAB931
Western blot shows lysates of human brain (Alzheimer's disease hippocampus) tissue. PVDF Membrane was probed with 2 µg/mL of Mouse Anti-Human/Mouse BACE‑1 Ectodomain Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB931) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, IHC, CyTOF-ready

7 Publications
NBP2-43728
Western Blot: Collagen XI alpha 2 Antibody (473) [NBP2-43728] - Various tissue extracts (50 ug) were separated by 5% SDS-PAGE, and the membrane was blotted with COL11A2 antibody [473]  diluted at 1:500. The HRP-conjugated anti-mouse IgG antibody (NBP2-19382) was used to detect the primary antibody.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Collagen XI alpha 2 Antibody (473) [NBP2-43728] - A431 cells were fixed in ice-cold MeOH for 5 min. Green: COL11A2 protein stained by COL11A2 antibody [473] diluted at 1:500. Blue: Hoechst 33342 staining.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF

NB100-56104
Western Blot: Bcl-xL Antibody [NB100-56104] - WB analysis of tissue lysates from breast surgical tumor tissue biopsies (Lanes 1-7). Bcl-XS is not detected and variable amounts of Bcl-XL (~30 kDa) is detected. Lane 8. Recombinant Bcl-XL (positive control).Western Blot: Bcl-xL Antibody [NB100-56104] - Analysis of Bcl-xL in Daoy whole cell lysate using anti-Bcl-xL antibody. Image from verified customer review.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-Fr

     1 Review

3 Publications
NBP1-28566
Western Blot: Bax Antibody (6A7) [NBP1-28566] - rOPN administration elevated the expression of autophagy-related proteins while suppressing apoptosis in rat brain at 24 h after SAH. The effects of rOPN on expression levels of Bax, mean +/- SD is 1.006 +/- 0.321 in Sham group, 37.47 +/- 10.86 in SAH + Vehicle group, 23.83 +/- 8.143 in SAH + rOPN group, F = 33.13, in the left hemisphere of rat brain at 24 h after SAH. Sample size is 18, n = 6 per group. Data were presented as mean +/- SD. *P < .05, ***P < .001 vs Sham group; #P < .05, ##P < .01 vs SAH + Vehicle group Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/cns.13199) licensed under a CC-BY license.Immunohistochemistry-Frozen: Bax Antibody (6A7) [NBP1-28566] - Mouse retina with no pretreatment.  IHC-F image submitted by a verified customer review

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Func, IHC

     3 Reviews

19 Publications
NB100-56503
Western Blot: Cytochrome c Antibody (7H8.2C12) [NB100-56503] - Metformin activates apoptotic cell death; Right panel: MCF-7 cells were kept in the presence or absence of metformin for 20 days and then processed to obtain mitochondrial or whole cellular extracts. BAX and CYCS expression levels were determined by Western blot as indicated under Material and Methods. Densitometric analysis of the gels was performed as indicated under Material and Methods. PHB and CDK4 were used as purity and loading controls. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (http://www.mdpi.com/2073-4409/8/1/49), licensed under a CC-BY license.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Cytochrome c Antibody (7H8.2C12) [NB100-56503] - p73 was detected in immersion fixed Hela human cell line using  NB100-56503 at 25 ug/ml for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights(TM) 557-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL007) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Staining was observed in the cytoplasm and mitochondria.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, Flow

60 Publications