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Cleavage Bioinformatics

Post-translational modifications (PTMs) take many forms; some PTMs involve the attachment of functional groups to amino acid residues, while other PTMs involve the cleavage of parts of proteins, or even the degradation of the entire protein itself. Protein cleavage is critical for cellular functions such as apoptosis, signaling and cell-cell interaction. Post-translational protein cleavage, also known as proteolysis, is carried out by enzymes called proteases. Each protease cleaves a protein's peptide bonds at a specific cleavage site, and proteases are classified based on the residue on which they take action.

Cleavage Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Cleavage below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 3579 products for the study of Cleavage that can be applied to Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP), Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Western Blot from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

NB100-74510
Western Blot: Presenilin-1 Antibody (APS 18) [NB100-74510] - Analysis of THP-1 cell lysate.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Presenilin-1 Antibody (APS 18) [NB100-74510] - Analysis of Presenilin 1 using Presenilin 1 Monoclonal antibody (APS 18) shows staining in A2058 melanoma cells. Presenilin 1 staining (green), F-Actin staining with Phalloidin (red) and nuclei with DAPI (blue) is shown. Cells were grown on chamber slides and fixed with formaldehyde prior to staining. Cells were probed without (control) or with or an antibody recognizing Presenilin 1 at a dilution of 1:20-1:100 over night at 4C, washed with PBS and incubated with a DyLight-488 conjugated.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, ICC/IF

     1 Review

5 Publications
NB200-540
Flow (Intracellular): Complement C3 Antibody (11H9) [NB200-540] - An intracellular stain was performed on RAW 246.7 cells with Complement C3 (11H9-3-2) antibody NB200-540 (blue) and a matched isotype control NBP2-31382 (orange). Cells were either treated with 3uM Monensin for 3 hours to block the secretion of Complement C3 (B) or grown in normal media (A). Cells were fixed with 4% PFA and then permeablized with 0.1% saponin. Cells were incubated in an antibody dilution of 2 ug/mL for 30 minutes at room temperature, followed by mouse F(ab)2 IgG (H+L) PE-conjugated secondary antibody (F0102B, R&D Systems).Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Complement C3 Antibody (11H9) [NB200-540] - C3 protein fragments deposited on kidney cells of MPL-lpr mouse. Staining with antibody 11H9. Glomerular staining pattern. Fixation in 4% paraformaldehyde in PBS pH 7.4. Vibratome sections of 4 um. Pretreated with 3% hydrogen peroxide for 20 min to quench endogenous peroxidases. Microwaved in antigen unmasking solution for 2-5 minutes as antigen retrieval.

Rat Monoclonal
Species Mouse, E. coli
Applications Flow, IA, ICC/IF

     2 Reviews

15 Publications
NB200-103
Western Blot: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - Analysis of p53 in MCF7 and HeLa lystates. Image courtesy of anonymous customer product review.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - PC12 cells were fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde for 10 minutes and permeabilized in 0.5% Triton X-100 in PBS for 5 minutes. The cells were incubated with anti-p53 Antibody (PAb 240) NB200-103 at 2 ug/ml overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-mouse Dylight 488 (Green) at a 1:1000 dilution for 60 minutes. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue).  Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

     3 Reviews

33 Publications
NBP2-13075
Immunohistochemistry: beta Amyloid Antibody (MOAB-2) [NBP2-13075] - IHC analysis of beta Amyloid on normal mouse brain (left) and 5xFAD mouse brain (right) using DAB with hematoxylin counterstain.  The MOAB-2 antibody was used at 1:20 on normal mouse brain and at 1:400 on 5xFAD mouse brain.Western Blot: beta Amyloid Antibody (MOAB-2) [NBP2-13075] - Analysis of beta Amyloid (MOAB-2) antibody in (1) 100 pmole beta Amyloid 42, (2) 5xFAD mouse brain homogenate Repetition 1 and (3) 5xFAD mouse brain homogenate Repetition 2.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, DB, ELISA

     2 Reviews

43 Publications
NB600-930
Western Blot: Plasminogen Antibody [NB600-930] - Lane 1: Plasminogen. Lane 2: None. Load: 50 ng per lane. Primary antibody: Plasminogen primary antibody at 1:1,000 overnight at 4C. Secondary antibody: Peroxidase goat secondary antibody at 1:40,000 for 60 min at RT. Blocking: incubated with blocking buffer for 30 min at RT. Predicted/Observed size: 91 kDa, 91 kDa for Plasminogen. Other band(s): None.Western Blot: Plasminogen Antibody [NB600-930] - Detection of Plasminogen under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions. Reduced samples of purified target proteins contained 4% BME and were boiled for 5 minutes. Samples of 1ug of protein per lane were run by SDS-PAGE. Protein was transferred to nitrocellulose and probed with 1:3000 dilution of primary antibody. Detection shown was using Dylight 649 conjugated Donkey anti goat 1 hr RT.

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA

     2 Reviews

7 Publications
NB100-56098
Western Blot: Bcl-2 Antibody [NB100-56098] - Analysis of Bcl-2 in whole cell lysate from Daoy cells. Cells were transfected with (1) scrambled control siRNA or (2) Bcl-2 siRNA. Image from verified customer review.Western Blot: Bcl-2 Antibody [NB100-56098] - EA reduced MPP+-induced dopaminergic neuronal apoptosis by increasing BDNF (brain-derived neurotrophic factor) expression and further Akt phosphorylation in the rat substantia nigra. Eight days after MPP+ administration, our Western blot results (MAB7566) show that MPP+ treatment reduced tyrosine hydroxylase and Bcl-2 expression in the ipsilateral side of the rat substantia nigra (SN), but not in the contralateral side. EA stimulation (50 Hz) enhanced mature BDNF, tyrosine hydroxylase, and Bcl-2 expression in the MPP+-treated ipsilateral side. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/18/9/1846), licensed under a CC-BY licence.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

     2 Reviews

13 Publications
NB100-56708
Western Blot: Caspase-3 Antibody (31A1067) - (Pro and Active) [NB100-56708] - Image of Caspase-3 Antibody (31A1067) - (Pro and Active).  Whole cell protein from Jurkat cells treated with and without 2 uM staurosporine as indicated was separated on a 4-15% gel by SDS-PAGE, transferred to 0.2 um PVDF membrane and blocked in 5% non-fat milk in TBST.  The membrane was probed with 5 ug/ml anti-Caspase 3 in 1% milk, and detected with an anti-mouse HRP secondary antibody using a Femto sensitivity chemiluminescence reagent.  Note the detection of both pro-caspase 3 at 35 kDa and the cleaved active caspase 3 at 15-17 kDa.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Caspase-3 Antibody (31A1067) - (Pro and Active) [NB100-56708] - Tissue section of human spleen using 1:200 dilution of Caspase-3 antibody (clone 31A1067). The staining was developed with HRP labeled anti-mouse IgG secondary antibody and DAB reagent, and nuclei of cells were counter-stained with hematoxylin. This Caspase 3 antibody generated primarily a specific cytoplasmic staining in a subset of spleenocytes with some nuclear signal in a few cells.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, EM

     2 Reviews

166 Publications
NB100-1533
Western Blot: POMC Antibody [NB100-1533] - Staining of NIH3T3 cell lysate with antibody at 0.3 ug/mL (A) and Rat Brain cell lysate with antibody at 2 ug/mL (B). 35 ug protein in RIPA buffer. Detected by chemiluminescence.Immunohistochemistry: POMC Antibody [NB100-1533] - Representative confocal images of POMC in POMC-transfected WT and Sel1L-/- N2a cells. White arrows point to POMC-containing secretory granules, while yellow arrows point to perinuclear POMC. KDEL marks the ER. Representative data from at least 2 independent experiments are shown. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (jci.org/articles/view/96420), licensed under a CC-BY licence.

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

10 Publications
AF887
Western blot shows lysates of NIH‑3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 100 ng/mL Human PDGF (Catalog #<A class=NoLineLink href=Simple Western lane view shows lysates of MCF‑7 human breast cancer cell line and A549 human lung carcinoma cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 100 ng/mL Recombinant Human IGF‑I (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

26 Publications
AF860
Western blot shows Jurkat human acute T cell leukemia cell line treated with apoptosis inducer anti-Fas for the indicated times. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL Goat Anti-Human/Mouse BID Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF860) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=Simple Western lane view shows lysates of Jurkat human acute T cell leukemia cell line, loaded at 0.2 mg/mL. A specific band was detected for BID at approximately 29 kDa (as indicated) using 10 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human/Mouse BID Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF860) followed by 1:50 dilution of HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, Simple Western, IP

     4 Reviews

20 Publications
210-TA
1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     36 Reviews

704 Publications
MAB931
Western blot shows lysates of human brain (Alzheimer's disease hippocampus) tissue. PVDF Membrane was probed with 2 µg/mL of Mouse Anti-Human/Mouse BACE‑1 Ectodomain Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB931) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, IHC, CyTOF-ready

     1 Review

6 Publications
NBP2-43728
Western Blot: Collagen XI alpha 2 Antibody (473) [NBP2-43728] - Various tissue extracts (50 ug) were separated by 5% SDS-PAGE, and the membrane was blotted with COL11A2 antibody [473]  diluted at 1:500. The HRP-conjugated anti-mouse IgG antibody (NBP2-19382) was used to detect the primary antibody.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Collagen XI alpha 2 Antibody (473) [NBP2-43728] - A431 cells were fixed in ice-cold MeOH for 5 min. Green: COL11A2 protein stained by COL11A2 antibody [473] diluted at 1:500. Blue: Hoechst 33342 staining.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF

NB100-56104
Western Blot: Bcl-xL Antibody [NB100-56104] - WB analysis of tissue lysates from breast surgical tumor tissue biopsies (Lanes 1-7). Bcl-XS is not detected and variable amounts of Bcl-XL (~30 kDa) is detected. Lane 8. Recombinant Bcl-XL (positive control).Western Blot: Bcl-xL Antibody [NB100-56104] - Analysis of Bcl-xL in Daoy whole cell lysate using anti-Bcl-xL antibody. Image from verified customer review.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-Fr

     1 Review

2 Publications
NBP1-28566
Western Blot: Bax Antibody (6A7) [NBP1-28566] - rOPN administration elevated the expression of autophagy-related proteins while suppressing apoptosis in rat brain at 24 h after SAH. The effects of rOPN on expression levels of Bax, mean +/- SD is 1.006 +/- 0.321 in Sham group, 37.47 +/- 10.86 in SAH + Vehicle group, 23.83 +/- 8.143 in SAH + rOPN group, F = 33.13, in the left hemisphere of rat brain at 24 h after SAH. Sample size is 18, n = 6 per group. Data were presented as mean +/- SD. *P < .05, ***P < .001 vs Sham group; #P < .05, ##P < .01 vs SAH + Vehicle group Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/cns.13199) licensed under a CC-BY licence.Immunohistochemistry-Frozen: Bax Antibody (6A7) [NBP1-28566] - Mouse retina with no pretreatment.  IHC-F image submitted by a verified customer review

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Func, IHC

     3 Reviews

16 Publications
NB100-56503
Western Blot: Cytochrome c Antibody (7H8.2C12) [NB100-56503] - Metformin activates apoptotic cell death; Right panel: MCF-7 cells were kept in the presence or absence of metformin for 20 days and then processed to obtain mitochondrial or whole cellular extracts. BAX and CYCS expression levels were determined by Western blot as indicated under Material and Methods. Densitometric analysis of the gels was performed as indicated under Material and Methods. PHB and CDK4 were used as purity and loading controls. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (http://www.mdpi.com/2073-4409/8/1/49), licensed under a CC-BY licence.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Cytochrome c Antibody (7H8.2C12) [NB100-56503] - p73 was detected in immersion fixed Hela human cell line using  NB100-56503 at 25 ug/ml for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights(TM) 557-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL007) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Staining was observed in the cytoplasm and mitochondria.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, Flow

58 Publications