Cleavage: PTMs Bioinformatics

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Cleavage Bioinformatics

Post-translational modifications (PTMs) take many forms; some PTMs involve the attachment of functional groups to amino acid residues, while other PTMs involve the cleavage of parts of proteins, or even the degradation of the entire protein itself. Protein cleavage is critical for cellular functions such as apoptosis, signaling and cell-cell interaction. Post-translational protein cleavage, also known as proteolysis, is carried out by enzymes called proteases. Each protease cleaves a protein's peptide bonds at a specific cleavage site, and proteases are classified based on the residue on which they take action.

Cleavage Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Cleavage below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 2599 products for the study of Cleavage that can be applied to Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Western Blot, Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP), Immunohistochemistry from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

NB100-56708
Western Blot: Caspase-3 Antibody (31A1067) - (Pro and Active) [NB100-56708] - Caspase-3 Antibody (31A1067)  - (Pro and Active) [NB100-56708] - Western Blot Image of anti-Caspase 3 (31A1067).  Whole cell protein from Jurkat cells treated with and without 2 uM staurosporine as indicated was separated on a 4-15% gel by SDS-PAGE, transferred to 0.2 um PVDF membrane and blocked in 5% non-fat milk in TBST.  The membrane was probed with 5 ug/ml anti-Caspase 3 in 1% milk, and detected with an anti-mouse HRP secondary antibody using a Femto sensitivity chemiluminescence reagent.  Note the detection of both pro-caspase 3 at 35 kDa and the cleaved active caspase 3 at 15-17 kDa.Western Blot: Caspase-3 Antibody (31A1067) - (Pro and Active) [NB100-56708] - Caspase-3 Antibody (31A1067)  - (Pro and Active) [NB100-56708] - Analysis using the Azide Free version of NB100-56708. Detection of Caspase-3 activation in HeLa cells. Cells were treated with 2mM staurosporine for different time periods. Caspase-3 activation is determined by cleavage of procaspase-3.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, EM

     1 Review

112 Publications
NBP2-27335
Western Blot: PARP Antibody (194C1439) - (Azide Free), Cleaved [NBP2-27335] - PARP Antibody (194C1439) [Azide Free] [NBP2-27335] - Analysis of cleaved PARP in staurosporine-treated Jurkat cells at various time points, using this antibody. The band corresponding to cleaved PARP is only seen in the treated samples. anti-mouse Ig HRP conjugate was used in this test.Western Blot: PARP Antibody (194C1439) [Azide Free] [NBP2-27335] - Western analysis using 293T lysates expressing PARP. Image from verified customer review.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Flow, CyTOF-ready

     1 Review

5 Publications
NBP2-43728
Western Blot: Collagen XI alpha 2 Antibody (473) [NBP2-43728] - Analysis of A. 30 ug 293T whole cell lysate/extract B. 30 ug whole cell lysate/extract of human COL11A2-transfected 293T cells (N-terminal fragment of COL11A2 isoform 1) 12 % SDS-PAGE COL11A2 antibody [473] dilution: 1:5000Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Collagen XI alpha 2 Antibody (473) [NBP2-43728] - Analysis of A431 cells were fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde at RT for 15 min. Green: COL11A2 protein stained by COL11A2 antibody [473] diluted at 1:500. Blue: Hoechst 33342 staining.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ICC/IF

NBP2-13075
Western Blot: beta Amyloid Antibody (MOAB-2) [NBP2-13075] - Western blot analysis in cell lysates from HEK-APP SWE/BACE1 cells probed with an antibody against the C-terminus of APP (Lanes 1 and 2) and beta Amyloid  (MOAB-2, Lanes 3 and 4).  Beta Amyloid (MOAB-2) does not detect APP (from PMID: 22423893).Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: beta Amyloid Antibody (MOAB-2) [NBP2-13075] - Immunofluorescent detection of beta Amyloid with MOAB-2 in the subiculim of 1-, 2- and 4- month old 5xFAD mice.  Scale bar 20 um (from PMID: 22423893).

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, ICC/IF

9 Publications
NB100-56098
Western Blot: Bcl-2 Antibody [NB100-56098] - Analysis of Bcl-2 in whole cell lysate from Daoy cells. Cells were transfected with scrambled control siRNA (lane 1) or Bcl-2 siRNA (lane2). Image from verified customer review.Western Blot: Bcl-2 Antibody [NB100-56098] - WB analysis of whole cell lysate (WCL) of Jurkat cells using anti-Bcl-2 antibody (NB100-56098) at 1:1000 dilution. HRP conjugated goat anti-rabbit IgG (H+L) cross adsorbed secondary antibody was used with ECL substrate for the detection of Bcl2 antibody bound to the blotted protein. This Bcl2 antibody detected a specific band at expected molecular weight marker position of Bcl2 protein (26kDa).

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Canine
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

     2 Reviews

6 Publications
NB100-56503
Western Blot: Cytochrome c Antibody (7H8.2C12) [NB100-56503] - Analysis using the Biotin conjugate of NB100-56503. Detection of Cytochrome C in 15 mgs of HeLa cell lysate using NB100-55775 at 1:1000. A 15 kDa band is detected.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Cytochrome c Antibody (7H8.2C12) [NB100-56503]

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

46 Publications
NB100-56116
Western Blot: active/cleaved Caspase 8 Antibody [NB100-56116] - Analysis of active/cleaved Caspase 8 in NRK whole cell lysate using anti-active/cleaved Caspase 8 antibody. Image from verified customer review.Immunohistochemistry: active/cleaved Caspase 8 Antibody [NB100-56116] -  Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections from a brain tissue array stained for Caspase-8 expression using NB100-56116 at 1:2000. A. Normal brain stem (1) and cortex (2). B. Higher magnification of cortex (from A). C. Higher magnification of brain stem (from A). D. Normal cerebellum showing caspase-8 staining in the Purkinge cells.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

     1 Review

33 Publications
NBP1-28566
Western Blot: Bax Antibody (6A7) [NBP1-28566] - Total cell lysates from NIH/3T3 cells were resolved by electrophoresis, transferred to PVDF membrane, and probled with Mouse Anti-Bax UNLB.  Immunohistochemistry-Frozen: Bax Antibody (6A7) [NBP1-28566] - Mouse retina with no pretreatment

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

     3 Reviews

2 Publications
NB100-56104
Western Blot: Bcl-xL Antibody [NB100-56104] - Analysis of Bcl-xL in Daoy whole cell lysate using anti-Bcl-xL antibody. Image from verified customer review.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Bcl-Xl Antibody [NB100-56104] - Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human epidermis stained for Bcl-X expression using this antibody at the bottom of the images were negative for Bcl-X expression. The adjacent stratum spinosum and middle stratum granulosum layers were both very positive for Bcl-X expression. The top stratum corneum consisting mainly of dead or peeling cells were both negative for Bcl-X expression.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-Fr

     1 Review

1 Publication
NB100-1533
Western Blot: POMC Antibody [NB100-1533] - Western blot analysis of POMC using NB100-1533 at 0.01ug/ml in NIH 3T3 lysate (35ug protein in RIPA buffer). Primary incubation was 1 hour. Detected by chemiluminescence.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: POMC Antibody [NB100-1533] - Analysis in human Anterior Pituitary Gland shows vesilulate staining in glandular cells.

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Porcine
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-Fr

6 Publications
NB300-749
Western Blot: Presenilin-1 Antibody (APS 11) [NB300-749] - Analysis of 25 ug of SH-SY5Y (lane 1), human brain (lane 2) and mouse brain (lane 3).Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Presenilin-1 Antibody (APS 11) [NB300-749] - Mouse fibroblasts.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, ICC/IF

     1 Review

1 Publication
NB100-56106
Western Blot: BID Antibody [NB100-56106] - Analysis of Bid in normal mouse tissues using this antibody. BID = recombinant Bid. Arrowheads indicate the positions of the full-length (uncleaved) ~22 kDa Bid and the ~15 kDa truncated form of Bid (tBid) typical of the caspase-cleavage. Additional bands representing partial Bid degradation products are indicated by asterisks (*).Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: BID Antibody [NB100-56106] - Two cores from a human ovarian carcinoma formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue microarray demonstrate the variable expression of Bid protein.  The sections were stained with Bid antibody at 1:2000  with hematoxylin-eosin counterstain.  Section A shows very weak staining while section B stains much more strongly.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-Fr

     1 Review

4 Publications
NB200-540
Flow (Intracellular): Complement C3 Antibody (11H9) [NB200-540] - An intracellular stain was performed on RAW 246.7 cells with Complement C3 (11H9-3-2) antibody NB200-540 (blue) and a matched isotype control NBP2-31382 (orange). Cells were either treated with 3uM Monensin for 3 hours to block the secretion of Complement C3 (B) or grown in normal media (A). Cells were fixed with 4% PFA and then permeablized with 0.1% saponin. Cells were incubated in an antibody dilution of 2 ug/mL for 30 minutes at room temperature, followed by mouse F(ab)2 IgG (H+L) PE-conjugated secondary antibody (F0102B, R&D Systems).Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Complement C3 Antibody (11H9) [NB200-540] - C3 protein fragments deposited on  kidney cells of MPL-lpr mouse. Staining with antibody 11H9. Glomerular staining pattern.

Rat Monoclonal
Species Mouse
Applications WB, Flow, IA

     1 Review

1 Publication
NB200-103
Western Blot: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - WB analysis of p53 in MCF7 and HeLa lystates. Image courtesy of anonymous customer product review.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - HeLa cells were fixed for 10 minutes using 10% formalin and then permeabilized for 5 minutes using 1X TBS + 0.5% Triton-X100. The cells were incubated with anti-p53 (PAb 240) [NB200-103] at a 1:200 dilution overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-mouse Dylight 488 (Green) at a 1:500 dilution. Actin was detected with Phalloidin 568 (Red) at a 1:200 dilution. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue). Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

     2 Reviews

22 Publications
NB100-56749
Western Blot: AKT1 [p Ser473] Antibody (104A282) [NB100-56749] - Akt1 [p Ser473] Antibody (104A282) [NB100-56749] - Total protein from mouse 3T3 cells treated with and without PDGF (50 ng/ml) for the indicated times was separated on a 7.5% gel by SDS-PAGE, transferred to PVDF membrane and blocked in 5% non-fat milk in TBST. The membrane was probed with 2.0 ug/ml anti-AKT1 (NBP2-01725) and 2 ug/ml pS473 AKT1 in 1% BSA in TBST and detected with an anti-mouse HRP secondary antibody using chemiluminescence. Note the detection of phosphorylated AKT1 in response to PDGF treatment compared to total AKT1 protein.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: AKT1 [p Ser473] Antibody (104A282) [NB100-56749] - IHC analysis of a formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) human breast carcinoma tissue section using 1:250 dilution of pSer473 AKT1 antibody (clone 104A282) on a Bond Rx autostainer (Leica Biosystems). The assay involved 20 minutes of heat induced antigen retrieval (HIER) with 10mM sodium citrate buffer (pH 6.0) and endogenous peroxidase quenching using peroxide block. The sections were incubated with primary antibody for 30 minutes. Bond Polymer Refine Detection (Leica Biosystems) and DAB were used for signal detection which followed counterstaining with hematoxylin. Whole slide scanning and capturing of representative images (20X) were performed using Aperio AT2 (Leica Biosystems). This antibody generated a diffused cytoplasmic staining of phosphor-AKT (Ser-473) in the cancer cells as well as the stromal cells. Some cancer cells depicted nuclear stianing also.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

     1 Review

8 Publications
NB600-930
Western Blot: Plasminogen Antibody [NB600-930] - Lane 1: Plasminogen. Lane 2: None. Load: 50 ng per lane. Primary antibody: Plasminogen primary antibody at 1:1,000 overnight at 4C. Secondary antibody: Peroxidase goat secondary antibody at 1:40,000 for 60 min at RT. Blocking: incubated with blocking buffer for 30 min at RT. Predicted/Observed size: 91 kDa, 91 kDa for Plasminogen. Other band(s): None.Western Blot: Plasminogen Antibody [NB600-930] - Detection of Plasminogen under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions. Reduced samples of purified target proteins contained 4% BME and were boiled for 5 minutes. Samples of 1ug of protein per lane were run by SDS-PAGE. Protein was transferred to nitrocellulose and probed with 1:3000 dilution of primary antibody. Detection shown was using Dylight 649 conjugated Donkey anti goat 1 hr RT.

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Bacteria
Applications WB, ELISA

     2 Reviews

7 Publications
MAB931
Western blot shows lysates of human brain (Alzheimer's disease hippocampus) tissue. PVDF Membrane was probed with 2 µg/mL of Mouse Anti-Human/Mouse BACE‑1 Ectodomain Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB931) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, IHC, CyTOF-ready

4 Publications