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Citrullination Bioinformatics

Citrullination, also referred to as deimination, is a type of post-translational modification (PTM). The process of citrullination involves the conversion of one or more Arginine amino acids into Citrulline. Peptidylarginine Deiminases (PADs) are enzymes that catalyze this PTM by replacing the aldimine functional group with a ketone group. Citrullination is an essential post-translational modification as it regulates gene expression and may play a role in autoimmune disorders, such as multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Citrullination Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Citrullination below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 2095 products for the study of Citrullination that can be applied to Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Western Blot from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

H00002023-M01
Western Blot: Enolase 1 Antibody (8G8) [H00002023-M01] - Analysis of ENO1 expression in transfected 293T cell line by ENO1 monoclonal antibody (M01), clone 8G8.Lane 1: ENO1 transfected lysate(47 KDa).Lane 2: Non-transfected lysate.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Enolase 1 Antibody (8G8) [H00002023-M01] - Analysis of monoclonal antibody to ENO1 on HeLa cell. Antibody concentration 10 ug/ml.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Feline
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

8 Publications
NB300-223
Western Blot: Vimentin Antibody [NB300-223] - Analysis of tissue and cell lysates. Antibody at 1:5000 in red. [1] protein standard (red), [2] rat whole brain lysate, [3] HeLa, [4] SH-SY5Y, [5] HEK293, and [6] NIH-3T3 cell lysates. NB300-223 binds to the vimentin protein showing a single band at ~50 kDa. The blot was simultaneously probed with mouse mAb to MAP2C/D, dilution 1:5000 in green, revealing multiple bands around 280 kDa that correspond to full length MAP2A/2B isotypes, and ~70 kDa bands which are MAP2C/D isotypes. MAP2 isotypes are seen only in extracts containing neuronal lineage cells.Immunohistochemistry: Vimentin Antibody [NB300-223] - Attenuated reactive astrocytosis after stroke in Smad1 cKO mice. Enlarged IHC images of boxed areas at the cortical peri-infarct area with the indicated reactive astrocyte markers GFAP, Nestin, and Vimentin. Enlarged images of GFAP IHC highlight the hypertrophic morphology of GFAP+ astrocytes in mutants. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136967), licensed under a CC-BY licence.

Chicken Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

     6 Reviews

54 Publications
H00001421-M03
Western Blot: CRYGD Antibody (4E12) [H00001421-M03] - Analysis of CRYGD expression in HepG2 (Cat # L019V1).Sandwich ELISA: CRYGD Antibody (4E12) [H00001421-M03] - Detection limit for recombinant GST tagged CRYGD is approximately 0.03ng/ml as a capture antibody.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ELISA, S-ELISA

NB300-560
Western Blot: ER alpha/NR3A1 Antibody (33) [NB300-560] - Analysis of recombinant ER alpha.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: ER alpha/NR3A1 Antibody (33) [NB300-560] - Human breast tissue (B) and magnified section (C) compared with an isotype control (A).

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-Fr

     1 Review

8 Publications
NBP1-87528
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Filaggrin Antibody [NBP1-87528] - Analysis in human skin and liver tissues. Corresponding Filaggrin RNA-seq data are presented for the same tissues.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Filaggrin Antibody [NBP1-87528] - Staining of human gastrointestinal, liver, skin and testis using Anti-Filaggrin antibody NBP1-87528 (A) shows similar protein distribution across tissues to independent antibody NBP1-87527 (B).

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications ICC/IF, IHC, IHC-P

     1 Review

NBP1-91834
Western Blot: DHX40 Antibody [NBP1-91834] - Lane 1: NIH-3T3 cell lysate (Mouse embryonic fibroblast cells) Lane 2: NBT-II cell lysate (Rat Wistar bladder tumour cells)Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: DHX40 Antibody [NBP1-91834] - Staining of human cell line U-251 MG shows localization to nucleoplasm. Antibody staining is shown in green.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

NBP2-02082
Western Blot: PADI4 Antibody (4H5) [NBP2-02082] - HEK293T cells were transfected with the pCMV6-ENTRY control (Left lane) or pCMV6-ENTRY PAD4 (Right lane) cDNA for 48 hrs and lysed. Equivalent amounts of cell lysates (5 ug per lane) were separated by SDS-PAGE and immunoblotted with anti-PAD4.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: PADI4 Antibody (OTI4H5) [NBP2-02082] - Staining of COS7 cells transiently transfected by pCMV6-ENTRY PAD4.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

NBP2-14093
Western Blot: HLA DRB5 Antibody [NBP2-14093] - Analysis in human cell line HDLM-2.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: HLA DRB5 Antibody [NBP2-14093] - Staining of human tonsil shows moderate cytoplasmic positivity in germinal center cells.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

NBP2-26116
Western Blot: Fucosyltransferase 2/FUT2 Antibody [NBP2-26116] - Staining of Human Liver lysate (35 ug protein in RIPA buffer). Primary incubation was 1 hour. Detected by chemiluminescence.  Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Fucosyltransferase 2/FUT2 Antibody [NBP2-26116] -  Staining of Human Placenta. Steamed antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6, AP-staining.

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

1 Publication
NBP2-32005
Western Blot: SQLE Antibody [NBP2-32005] - Analysis in human cell line MCF-7 and human cell line U-251 MG.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: SQLE Antibody [NBP2-32005] - Staining in human testis and skeletal muscle tissues using NBP2-32005 antibody. Corresponding SQLE RNA-seq data are presented for the same tissues.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

AF5739
Western blot shows lysates of ME-180 human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line, HT-2 mouse T cell line, and Rat-2 rat embryonic fibroblast cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 0.5 µg/mL Goat Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat CSRP1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF5739) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB

MAB3428
Western blot shows lysates of Jurkat human acute T cell leukemia cell line, Daudi human Burkitt's lymphoma cell line, and Ramos human Burkitt's lymphoma cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Mouse Anti-Human Lyp Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB3428) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=Lyp was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human lymph node using 25 µg/mL Mouse Anti-Human Lyp Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB3428) overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained with the Anti-Mouse HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC

     1 Review

1 Publication
NBP2-37918
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: PADI2 Antibody [NBP2-37918] - Staining of human cerebral cortex shows strong cytoplasmic positivity in glial cells.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: PADI2 Antibody [NBP2-37918] - Staining of human hippocampus shows strong staining in a subset of glial cells.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications IHC, IHC-P

DCRP00
 C-Reactive Protein/CRP [HRP] C-Reactive Protein/CRP [HRP]


Species Human
Applications ELISA

     4 Reviews

115 Publications
210-TA
1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     36 Reviews

702 Publications
NBP2-45316
Western Blot: HLA DRB1 Antibody (LN-3 + HLA-DRB/1067) [NBP2-45316] - Western Blot Analysis of Ramos cell lysate using HLA DRB1 Antibody (LN-3 + HLA-DRB/1067).Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: HLA DRB1 Antibody (LN-3 + HLA-DRB/1067) [NBP2-45316] - Human Tonsil stained with HLA-DRB Monoclonal Antibody (LN-3 + HLA-DRB/1067).

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Monkey
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

1 Publication
H00003126-P01
12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue.


Species Human
Applications WB, ELISA, PA

NB600-717
Western Blot: MBP Antibody (12) [NB600-717] - Mouse Brain Tissue lysate probed with Rat anti MBP.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: MBP Antibody (12) [NB600-717] - Histological and mRNA analysis of the inflammatory cytokines in the vehicle- or etifoxine-treated mice at onset of clinical symptoms. At day 10 p.i., drug treated animals showed significant differences in MBP staining. Animals treated with etifoxine showed an increase in retention of percentage of MBP coverage (*p = 0.001).  Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (http://embomolmed.embopress.org/cgi/doi/10.1002/emmm.201202124), licensed under a CC-BY licence.

Rat Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, ICC/IF

     3 Reviews

25 Publications
NBP1-25966
Western Blot: Proteinase 3/Myeloblastin/PRTN3 Antibody [NBP1-25966] - Human PMN (peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from buffycoat; denatured, reduced) using Rabbit antibody to c-terminal region of Pr3 (Wegener autoantigen): whole serum at 1: 500 dilution; blocked with 1% LFDM for 15 minutes at room temperature with shake, primary antibody incubated for 15 minutes at room temperature, washed 3 times with PBST, 5 minutes each. Secondary antibody was also incubated for 15 minutes at room temperature.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Proteinase 3/Myeloblastin/PRTN3 Antibody [NBP1-25966] - Human PBMC were isolated and adjusted to 106 cells. Cells were fixed with 2% formaldehyde for 10 min at 37C. Washed twice with PBS before cytospin the cells onto microscope slides. Cells were blocked with PBS containing 1%BSA for 20 min at RT. Excess of blocking solution was removed and cells were then incubated with Rabbit Ab to c-terminal region of Pr3 (Wegener autoantigen): whole serum for 30 min at RT (diluted 1:100 in the blocking buffer). Washed 3X with PBS and incubated with anti-Rabbit Alexa 586 for further 30 min. Washed as before and nuclear counterstained with DAPI. Neutrophils and Monocytes, known to have PR3 are intensely stained by the Rabbit Ab to c-terminal region of Pr3 (Wegener autoantigen): whole serum.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

2 Publications
NBP3-07168

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Baboon, Canine
Applications Flow, ICC/IF