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Virulence Pathway Bioinformatics

Disease and disorder research has been conducted in relation to the Virulence Pathway and Infective Disorder, Salmonella Infections, Cell Invasion, Pneumonia, Escherichia Coli Infections. The study of the Virulence Pathway has been mentioned in research publications which can be found using our bioinformatics tool below. The Virulence Pathway has been researched in relation to Pathogenesis, Secretion, Immune Response, Biofilm Formation, Transport. The Virulence Pathway complements our catalog of research reagents including antibodies and ELISA kits against TNF, IL6, CAT, SLC9A6, S100A8.

Virulence Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Virulence below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 3017 products for the study of the Virulence Pathway that can be applied to Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Western Blot from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

NBP1-32899
Western Blot: N-Acetylgalactosamine-6-Sulfatase/GALNS Antibody [NBP1-32899] - A. 30 ug PC-12 whole cell lysate/extract  B. 30 ug Rat2 whole cell lysate/extract7.5% SDS-PAGE GALNS antibody dilution: 1:500.  The HRP-conjugated anti-rabbit IgG antibody (NBP2-19301) was used to detect the primary antibody.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: N-Acetylgalactosamine-6-Sulfatase/GALNS Antibody [NBP1-32899] - Paraformaldehyde-fixed HeLa, using GALNS antibody (Green) at 1:500 dilution. Alpha-tubulin filaments were labeled Red.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

     2 Reviews

H00002520-P01
SDS-Page: Recombinant Human Gastrin peptide Protein [H00002520-P01] - 12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue.


Species Human
Applications WB, ELISA, PA

2 Publications
NBP1-91258
Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Fibronectin Antibody [NBP1-91258] - NIH3T3 cells were fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde for 10 minutes and permeabilized in 0.05% Triton X-100 in PBS for 5 minutes. The cells were incubated with anti- NBP1-91258 at 1 ug/ml overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-rabbit Dylight 488 (Green) at a 1:1000 dilution for 60 minutes. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue).  Cells were imaged using a 100X objective and digitally deconvolved.Western Blot: Fibronectin Antibody [NBP1-91258] - VSOP observed in perivascular-restricted spinal cord lesions with intact BBB. Immunostaining for laminin (brown) shows vascular endothelium and glia limitans of a perivascular lesion, along with infiltrating cells and VSOP (blue). Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (http://asn.sagepub.com/lookup/doi/10.1042/AN20120081), licensed under a CC-BY licence.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, ICC/IF

     11 Reviews

36 Publications
NBP1-97512
Western Blot: Perforin Antibody (CB5.4) [NBP1-97512] - Detection of perforin in the mouse T cell clone B6.1. (lane 1). Absence of perforin in the mouse fibroblast cell line NIH.3T3 (lane 2). The protein migrates as a 66 kDa species.  Method: Cell extracts from the T cell clone B6.1 (2x10^6) were resolved by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions, transferred to nitrocellulose and probed with the CB5.4 antibody at 1 ug/ml. Proteins were visualized using a peroxidase-conjugated antibody to rat IgG and a chemiluminescence detection system.

Rat Monoclonal
Species Mouse
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

6 Publications
NBP1-06542
Western Blot: PA1 Antibody [NBP1-06542] - Whole cell lysate (1 mg for IP, 20% of IP loaded) from HeLa cells. NBP1-06542 used for IP at 3 ug/mg lysate. PA1 was also immunoprecipitated by NBP1-06541 which recognize upstream epitopes.Immunohistochemistry: PA1 Antibody [NBP1-06542] - Sample: FFPE section of human colon carcinoma. Antibody: Affinity purified rabbit anti- PA1 used at a dilution of 1:1,000 (1ug/ml). Detection: DAB

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB (-), IHC, IHC-P

NBP2-24916
Western Blot: Catalase Antibody [NBP2-24916] - Analysis in liver lysate of 1) human 2) mouse and 3) rat at 0.1 ug/ml.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Catalase Antibody [NBP2-24916] - Staining of human liver tissue using an isotype control (top) and this antibody (bottom) at 5 ug/ml.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

     1 Review

8 Publications
NBP2-32463
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: NHE6/SLC9A6 Antibody [NBP2-32463] - Staining of human liver shows no positivity in hepatocytes as expected.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: NHE6/SLC9A6 Antibody [NBP2-32463] - Staining of human cerebral cortex shows strong cytoplasmic positivity in neuronal cells.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications IHC, IHC-P

AF3059
Western blot shows lysates of mouse spleen tissue. PVDF membrane was probed with 0.25 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Mouse S100A8 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF3059) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=NoLineLink href=S100A8 was detected in immersion fixed NMuMG mouse mammary gland epithelial cell line using 10 µg/mL Goat Anti-Mouse S100A8 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF3059) for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained with the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Mouse
Applications WB, Simple Western, ICC

     2 Reviews

17 Publications
AF7237
Western blot shows lysates of human brain (cerebellum) tissue, mouse brain tissue, and rat brain tissue. PVDF membrane was probed with 0.2 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat Syntaxin 1A Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF7237) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells were cultured overnight in the presence of 1 mM Retinoic Acid (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC

MAB2568
<P align=left>Epimorphin/Syntaxin 2 was detected in immersion fixed frozen sections of embryonic mouse eye cup (13 d.p.c.) using 8 µg/mL Rat Anti-Mouse Epimorphin/Syntaxin 2 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB2568) overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained with the Anti-Rat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Rat Monoclonal
Species Mouse
Applications WB, IHC

D6050
 IL-6 [HRP] IL-6 [HRP]


Species Human
Applications ELISA

     31 Reviews

550 Publications
285-IF
Recombinant Human IFN-gamma  (Catalog # 285‑IF) demonstrates anti-viral activity in HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cells infected with encephalomyocarditis (EMC) virus. The activity is over 2-fold greater than the top competitor's IFN-gamma .1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human IFN-gamma  was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 17 kDa.


Species Human
Applications BA

     21 Reviews

358 Publications
210-TA
1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     36 Reviews

677 Publications
D8000C
 CXCL8/IL-8 [HRP] CXCL8/IL-8 [HRP]


Species Human
Applications ELISA

     8 Reviews

346 Publications
DY417
 IL-10 [Biotin]


Species Mouse
Applications ELISA

     8 Reviews

221 Publications
NBP2-45731
Western Blot: beta-Galactosidase-1/GLB1 Antibody (OTI1C9) [NBP2-45731] - Analysis of extracts (35ug) from 9 different cell lines by using anti-GLB1 monoclonal antibody (HepG2: human; HeLa: human; SVT2: mouse; A549: human; COS7: monkey; Jurkat: human; MDCK: canine; PC12: rat; MCF7: human).Immunohistochemistry: beta-Galactosidase-1/GLB1 Antibody (1C9) [NBP2-45731] - Analysis of Adenocarcinoma of Human ovary tissue. (Heat-induced epitope retrieval by 10mM citric buffer, pH6.0, 120C for 3min)

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Canine, Monkey
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

6 Publications
H00005555-P01
SDS-Page: Recombinant Human PRH2 Protein [H00005555-P01] - 12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue.


Species Human
Applications WB, ELISA, PA

NB100-56566
Dual RNAscope ISH-IHC: TLR4 Antibody (76B357.1) [NB100-56566] - FFPE tissue sections of human tonsil were probed for TLR4 mRNA (ACD RNAScope Probe, ACD catalog # 311281; Fast Red chromogen, ACD catalog # 322750). Adjacent tissue section was processed for immunohistochemistry using Mouse Monoclonal (Novus Biologicals catalog # NB100-56566) at 5ug/mL with 1 hour incubation at room temperature followed by incubation with anti-mouse IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer Antibody (Catalog # VC001) and DAB chromogen (yellow-brown). Tissue was counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to lymphocytes.Flow Cytometry: TLR4 Antibody (76B357.1) [NB100-56566] - Analysis using the Alexa Fluor (R) 647 conjugate of NBP2-27149. TLR4 expression on monocytes from human peripheral blood. PBMC were stained in a 2 color flow test, with CD14 PE version of this antibody and 1 ug of either isotype control (left) or TLR4-Alexa Fluor 647 (right). PPI negative, CD14+ cells were gated for analysis.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ChIP, DB

     5 Reviews

111 Publications