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Programmed Cell Death Pathway Bioinformatics

Programmed cell death is a process that can either be regulatory or as a result of an external stress on a system of the body. There are two forms of programmed cell death: apoptosis and autophagy. Both forms undergo multiple cascades that lead to the death of a cell, and they both must receive some intrinsic or extrinsic signal to initiate the process. In apoptosis, DNA lesions induce the intrinsic pathway, while several factors including TNF-alpha and the Fas ligand located on T cells are extrinsic factors that initiate the pathway of cellular fragmentation and blebbing into apoptotic bodies. In the case of autophagy, the kinase mTOR is an important component, for when it is not activated it promotes the degradation of damaged cellular organelles. Programmed cell death can be either beneficial to a person, in cases such as tissue shaping and development as well as inhibiting the growth of malignant tumors, or it can be harmful, as shown in degenerative diseases including Parkinson’s disease.

Programmed Cell Death Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Programmed Cell Death below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 3283 products for the study of the Programmed Cell Death Pathway that can be applied to Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP), Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Western Blot from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

NB100-56599
Western Blot: PARP Antibody (194C1439) - Cleaved [NB100-56599] - Analysis of cleaved PARP in staurosporine-treated Jurkat cells at various time points, antibody at 2 ug/mL. The band corresponding to cleaved PARP is only seen in the treated samples. Anti-mouse Ig HRP conjugate was used in this test.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: PARP Antibody (194C1439) - Cleaved [NB100-56599] - A431 cells were fixed for 10 minutes using 10% formalin and then permeabilized for 5 minutes using 1X PBS + 0.5% Triton-X100.  The cells were incubated with anti-PARP Antibody (194C1439) at 5 ug/ml overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-mouse Dylight 488 (Green) at a 1:500 dilution.  Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue).  Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat (Negative)
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

8 Publications
NBP1-84463
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: DNAH5 Antibody [NBP1-84463] - Analysis in human fallopian tube and liver tissues. Corresponding DNAH5 RNA-seq data are presented for the same tissues.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: DNAH5 Antibody [NBP1-84463] - Staining of human cerebral cortex, fallopian tube, liver and nasopharynx using Anti-DNAH5 antibody NBP1-84463 (A) shows similar protein distribution across tissues to independent antibody NBP1-84464 (B).

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications IHC, IHC-P, IP

3 Publications
NBP1-84466
Western Blot: DNAI1 Antibody [NBP1-84466] - Analysis in control (vector only transfected HEK293T lysate) and dNAI1 over-expression lysate (Co-expressed with a C-terminal myc-DDK tag (3.1 kDa) in mammalian HEK293T cells).Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: DNAI1 Antibody [NBP1-84466] - Staining in human testis and prostate tissues using NBP1-84466 antibody. Corresponding DNAI1 RNA-seq data are presented for the same tissues.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

2 Publications
NB200-103
Western Blot: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - Analysis of p53 in MCF7 and HeLa lystates. Image courtesy of anonymous customer product review.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - PC12 cells were fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde for 10 minutes and permeabilized in 0.5% Triton X-100 in PBS for 5 minutes. The cells were incubated with anti-p53 Antibody (PAb 240) NB200-103 at 2 ug/ml overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-mouse Dylight 488 (Green) at a 1:1000 dilution for 60 minutes. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue).  Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

     3 Reviews

33 Publications
NB100-56098
Western Blot: Bcl-2 Antibody [NB100-56098] - Analysis of Bcl-2 in whole cell lysate from Daoy cells. Cells were transfected with (1) scrambled control siRNA or (2) Bcl-2 siRNA. Image from verified customer review.Western Blot: Bcl-2 Antibody [NB100-56098] - EA reduced MPP+-induced dopaminergic neuronal apoptosis by increasing BDNF (brain-derived neurotrophic factor) expression and further Akt phosphorylation in the rat substantia nigra. Eight days after MPP+ administration, our Western blot results (MAB7566) show that MPP+ treatment reduced tyrosine hydroxylase and Bcl-2 expression in the ipsilateral side of the rat substantia nigra (SN), but not in the contralateral side. EA stimulation (50 Hz) enhanced mature BDNF, tyrosine hydroxylase, and Bcl-2 expression in the MPP+-treated ipsilateral side. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/18/9/1846), licensed under a CC-BY licence.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

     2 Reviews

12 Publications
NB100-56116
Immunohistochemistry: Caspase-8 Antibody - (active/cleaved) [NB100-56116] - Autophagy-deficient mice showed increased activity of apoptosis and necroptosis. Reduced pancreatic Atg7 level increased the expression of Caspase-8 in 12-week-old Atg7deltapan mice. Caspase-8 quantitation and representative IF microphotographs of Atg7F/F (n=5) and Atg7deltapan (n=5) pancreatic tissue stained for DAPI (blue) and Caspase-8 (green) ( 1/1000, scale bar=50 um). Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/cddis.2017.313), licensed under a CC-BY licence.Western Blot: Caspase-8 Antibody - (active/cleaved) [NB100-56116] - Analysis of active/cleaved Caspase 8 in NRK whole cell lysate using anti-active/cleaved Caspase 8 antibody. WB image submitted by a verified customer review.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

     2 Reviews

62 Publications
NBP2-29463
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: p21/CIP1/CDKN1A Antibody (WA-1) [NBP2-29463] - Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human bladder carcinoma stained with p21 Monoclonal Antibody (WA-1).

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

15 Publications
NB100-56708
Western Blot: Caspase-3 Antibody (31A1067) - (Pro and Active) [NB100-56708] - Image of Caspase-3 Antibody (31A1067) - (Pro and Active).  Whole cell protein from Jurkat cells treated with and without 2 uM staurosporine as indicated was separated on a 4-15% gel by SDS-PAGE, transferred to 0.2 um PVDF membrane and blocked in 5% non-fat milk in TBST.  The membrane was probed with 5 ug/ml anti-Caspase 3 in 1% milk, and detected with an anti-mouse HRP secondary antibody using a Femto sensitivity chemiluminescence reagent.  Note the detection of both pro-caspase 3 at 35 kDa and the cleaved active caspase 3 at 15-17 kDa.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Caspase-3 Antibody (31A1067) - (Pro and Active) [NB100-56708] - Tissue section of human spleen using 1:200 dilution of Caspase-3 antibody (clone 31A1067). The staining was developed with HRP labeled anti-mouse IgG secondary antibody and DAB reagent, and nuclei of cells were counter-stained with hematoxylin. This Caspase 3 antibody generated primarily a specific cytoplasmic staining in a subset of spleenocytes with some nuclear signal in a few cells.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, EM

     1 Review

161 Publications
AF887
Western blot shows lysates of NIH‑3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 100 ng/mL Human PDGF (Catalog #<A class=NoLineLink href=Simple Western lane view shows lysates of MCF‑7 human breast cancer cell line and A549 human lung carcinoma cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 100 ng/mL Recombinant Human IGF‑I (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

25 Publications
DFS00
 Fas/TNFRSF6/CD95 [HRP] Fas/TNFRSF6/CD95 [HRP]


Species Human
Applications ELISA

     1 Review

17 Publications
210-TA
1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     36 Reviews

677 Publications
NB100-56104
Western Blot: Bcl-xL Antibody [NB100-56104] - WB analysis of tissue lysates from breast surgical tumor tissue biopsies (Lanes 1-7). Bcl-XS is not detected and variable amounts of Bcl-XL (~30 kDa) is detected. Lane 8. Recombinant Bcl-XL (positive control).Western Blot: Bcl-xL Antibody [NB100-56104] - Analysis of Bcl-xL in Daoy whole cell lysate using anti-Bcl-xL antibody. Image from verified customer review.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-Fr

     1 Review

1 Publication
NBP1-28566
Western Blot: Bax Antibody (6A7) [NBP1-28566] - rOPN administration elevated the expression of autophagy-related proteins while suppressing apoptosis in rat brain at 24 h after SAH. The effects of rOPN on expression levels of Bax, mean +/- SD is 1.006 +/- 0.321 in Sham group, 37.47 +/- 10.86 in SAH + Vehicle group, 23.83 +/- 8.143 in SAH + rOPN group, F = 33.13, in the left hemisphere of rat brain at 24 h after SAH. Sample size is 18, n = 6 per group. Data were presented as mean +/- SD. *P < .05, ***P < .001 vs Sham group; #P < .05, ##P < .01 vs SAH + Vehicle group Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/cns.13199) licensed under a CC-BY licence.Immunohistochemistry-Frozen: Bax Antibody (6A7) [NBP1-28566] - Mouse retina with no pretreatment.  IHC-F image submitted by a verified customer review

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Func, IHC

     3 Reviews

15 Publications
DFL00B
 Fas Ligand/TNFSF6 [HRP] Fas Ligand/TNFSF6 [HRP]


Species Human
Applications ELISA

28 Publications
NBP2-67471
Western Blot: c-jun [p Ser63] Antibody (SY0297) [NBP2-67471] - Human U251 glioma cell line, whole cell lysates. Cells have been treated with JNK and p38 inhibitors. WB image submited by a verified customer review.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: c-jun [p Ser63] Antibody (SY0297) [NBP2-67471] - Staining Phospho-c-Jun(S63) in PC-3M cells (green). The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue). Cells were fixed in paraformaldehyde, permeabilised with 0.25% Triton X100/PBS.

Rabbit Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

     1 Review

NB100-56503
Western Blot: Cytochrome c Antibody (7H8.2C12) [NB100-56503] - Metformin activates apoptotic cell death; Right panel: MCF-7 cells were kept in the presence or absence of metformin for 20 days and then processed to obtain mitochondrial or whole cellular extracts. BAX and CYCS expression levels were determined by Western blot as indicated under Material and Methods. Densitometric analysis of the gels was performed as indicated under Material and Methods. PHB and CDK4 were used as purity and loading controls. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (http://www.mdpi.com/2073-4409/8/1/49), licensed under a CC-BY licence.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Cytochrome c Antibody (7H8.2C12) [NB100-56503] - p73 was detected in immersion fixed Hela human cell line using  NB100-56503 at 25 ug/ml for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights(TM) 557-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL007) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Staining was observed in the cytoplasm and mitochondria.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, Flow

58 Publications
NBP2-93878
Western Blot: PCBD1 Antibody [NBP2-93878] - Analysis of extracts of various cell lines, using PCBD1 at 1:1000 dilution.Secondary antibody: HRP Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG (H+L) at 1:10000 dilution.Lysates/proteins: 25ug per lane.Blocking buffer: 3% nonfat dry milk in TBST.Detection: ECL Basic Kit .Exposure time: 90s.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: PCBD1 Antibody [NBP2-93878] - Analysis of MCF7 cells using PCBD1 . Blue: DAPI for nuclear staining.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF