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Localization Pathway Bioinformatics

Subcellular localization refers to the various organelles within a cell, including the nucleus, mitochondrion, cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Golgi Apparatus, endosome, lysosome, peroxisome, vesicles, and more. Identifying the localization of proteins within these organelles may help researchers to determine proteins’ cellular function and protein-protein interactions. Using antibodies to visualize the cellular localization of proteins serves as a powerful research tool. Furthermore, characterizing novel proteins necessitates knowledge of that protein’s localization within the cell.

Localization Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Localization below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 3923 products for the study of the Localization Pathway that can be applied to Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Western Blot, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Flow Cytometry, Immunohistochemistry, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP) from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

210-TA
Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.


Species Human

     21 Reviews

527 Publications
NBP2-24916
Western Blot: Catalase Antibody [NBP2-24916] - Analysis in liver lysate of 1) human 2) mouse and 3) rat at 0.1 ug/ml.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Catalase Antibody [NBP2-24916] - Staining of human liver tissue using an isotype control (top) and this antibody (bottom) at 5 ug/ml.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

     1 Review

4 Publications
NBP2-34260
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Insulin Antibody (E2-E3 (same as INS04)) [NBP2-34260] - Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human pancreas stained with insulin Monoclonal Antibody (E2-E3)SDS-Page: Insulin Antibody (E2-E3 (same as INS04)) [NBP2-34260]

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Porcine
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

     4 Reviews

NB100-1533
Western Blot: POMC Antibody [NB100-1533] - Western blot analysis of POMC using NB100-1533 at 0.01ug/ml in NIH 3T3 lysate (35ug protein in RIPA buffer). Primary incubation was 1 hour. Detected by chemiluminescence.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: POMC Antibody [NB100-1533] - Analysis in human Anterior Pituitary Gland shows vesilulate staining in glandular cells.

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Porcine
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

7 Publications
NBP1-91258
Western Blot: Fibronectin Antibody [NBP1-91258] - WB analysis of Fibronectin in NIH 3T3 cell lysate.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Fibronectin Antibody [NBP1-91258] - NIH-3T3 cells were fixed for 10 minutes using 10% formalin and then permeabilized for 5 minutes using 1X TBS + 0.5% Triton-X100. The cells were incubated with anti-Fibronectin at 2 ug/ml overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-rabbit Dylight 488 (Green) at a 1:500 dilution. Alpha tubulin (DM1A) NB100-690 was used as a co-stain at a 1:1000 dilution and detected with an anti-mouse Dylight 550 (Red) at a 1:500 dilution. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue). Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Bovine
Applications WB, Simple Western, ICC/IF

     6 Reviews

11 Publications
AF231
    Western  blot shows lysates of HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line and  MDA‑MB‑231 human breast cancer cell line. PVDF membrane  was probed with 1 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human EGFR  Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF231) followed by  HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=    A431  human epithelial carcinoma cell line was stained with Goat Anti-Human  EGFR Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog #  AF231, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # <a class=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Flow, IHC

     1 Review

7 Publications
AF887
Western blot shows lysates of NIH‑3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 100 ng/mL Human PDGF (Catalog #<A class=NoLineLink href=Akt phosphorylated at S473 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human breast cancer tissue using Rabbit Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat Phospho-Akt (S473) Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF887) at 10 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Rabbit HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

19 Publications
236-EG
Recombinant Human EGF (Catalog # 236‑EG) stimulates cell proliferation of the Balb/3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 20‑100 pg/mL.1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human EGF was resolved with SDS-PAGE  and visualized by silver staining under reducing (R) conditions, showing a single band at 6 kDa.


Species Human

     11 Reviews

328 Publications
NB200-103
Western Blot: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - Analysis of p53 in MCF7 and HeLa lystates. Image courtesy of anonymous customer product review.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - HeLa cells were fixed for 10 minutes using 10% formalin and then permeabilized for 5 minutes using 1X TBS + 0.5% Triton X-100. The cells were incubated with anti-p53 (PAb 240) [NB200-103] at a 1:200 dilution overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-mouse DyLight 488 (Green) at a 1:500 dilution. Actin was detected with Phalloidin 568 (Red) at a 1:200 dilution. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue). Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

     3 Reviews

22 Publications
NBP1-86616
Western Blot: CRAT Antibody [NBP1-86616] - Analysis using Anti-CRAT antibody NBP1-86616 (A) shows similar pattern to independent antibody NBP1-86615 (B).Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: CRAT Antibody [NBP1-86616] - Staining of human lymph node shows no positivity as expected.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

7268-CT
Recombinant Human CTLA-4 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 7268-CT) inhibits IL-2 secretion by stimulated Jurkat human acute Tcell leukemia cells. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 0.03-0.15 μg/mL whenstimulated with 1 μg/mL Recombinant Human B7‑1/CD80 Fc Chimera (Catalog # <a class=


Species Human

     2 Reviews

1 Publication
NB100-524
Western Blot: NOD2 Antibody (2D9) [NB100-524] - Total protein from human THP1 and US-OS cells and mouse Raw264.7 cells was separated on a 7.5% gel by SDS-PAGE, transferred to PVDF membrane and blocked in 5% non-fat milk in TBST. The membrane was probed with 2.0 ug/ml anti-NOD2 in 1% non-fat milk in TBST and detected with an anti-mouse HRP secondary antibody using chemiluminescence.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: NOD2 Antibody (2D9) [NB100-524] - A431 cells were fixed for 10 minutes using 10% formalin and then permeabilized for 5 minutes using 1X TBS + 0.5% Triton X-100. The cells were incubated with anti-NOD2 (2D9) NB100-524 at a 1:200 dilution overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-mouse DyLight 488 (Green) at a 1:500 dilution. Actin was counterstained with Phalloidin 568 (Red) at a 1:200 dilution. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue). Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

     1 Review

14 Publications
NBP2-58917
Western Blot: GLYAT Antibody [NBP2-58917] - Western blot analysis in human cell line RT-4, human cell line U-251 MG, human plasma and human liver tissue.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: GLYAT Antibody [NBP2-58917] - Staining of human skeletal muscle.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

NBP1-84550
Western Blot: HLA DQA1 Antibody [NBP1-84550] - Lane 1: Marker  [kDa] 250, 130, 100, 70, 55, 35, 25, 15, 10.  Lane 2: Human cell line Daudi.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: HLA DQA1 Antibody [NBP1-84550] - Staining of human lung shows high expression.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

NB600-41532
Western Blot: Albumin Antibody [NB600-41532] - Analysis using the HRP conjugate of NB600-41532. Detection of Albumin in whole mouse liver extracts. Image courtesy of anonymous customer product review.

Goat Polyclonal
Species Mouse
Applications WB, ELISA, ICC/IF

39 Publications
NBP2-37447
Western Blot: Somatostatin Antibody (7G5) [NBP2-37447] - Western blot analysis using SST mAb against human SST recombinant protein. (Expected MW is 38.2 kDa)Immunohistochemistry: Somatostatin Antibody (7G5) [NBP2-37447] - Paraffin-embedded pancreas tissues, SST mouse mAb with DAB staining.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

     1 Review

NBP1-31329
Western Blot: Acetylcholinesterase/ACHE Antibody [NBP1-31329] - Rat tissue extract (50 ug) was separated by 7.5% SDS-PAGE, and the membrane was blotted with AChE antibody diluted at 1:500.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Acetylcholinesterase/ACHE Antibody [NBP1-31329] - Paraformaldehyde-fixed HeLa, using AChE antibody (Green) at 1:500 dilution. Alpha-tubulin filaments were labeled with an alpha Tubulin antibody (Red) at 1:2500.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

NBP2-29463
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: p21/CIP1/CDKN1A Antibody (WA-1 (HJ21)) [NBP2-29463] - Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human bladder carcinoma stained with p21 Monoclonal Antibody (WA-1).

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

11 Publications