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Localization Pathway Bioinformatics

Subcellular localization refers to the various organelles within a cell, including the nucleus, mitochondrion, cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Golgi Apparatus, endosome, lysosome, peroxisome, vesicles, and more. Identifying the localization of proteins within these organelles may help researchers to determine proteins’ cellular function and protein-protein interactions. Using antibodies to visualize the cellular localization of proteins serves as a powerful research tool. Furthermore, characterizing novel proteins necessitates knowledge of that protein’s localization within the cell.

Localization Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Localization below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 4934 products for the study of the Localization Pathway that can be applied to Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP), Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Western Blot from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

NB100-524
Western Blot: NOD2 Antibody (2D9) [NB100-524] - HCMV infection induces NOD2 mRNA and protein in HFFs and U373 cells. E. U373 glioma cells were infected with HCMV Towne strain and levels of NOD1, NOD2 and GAPDH mRNAs were measured by qRT-PCR at indicated time points. F. HFFs were infected with HCMV (Towne) at MOI of 1 PFU/cell and levels of NOD2 protein and B-actin were determined 48 and 72 hpi. G. HFFs were infected with HCMV (Towne) strain at MOI of 0.03 or 3 PFU/cell and levels of NOD2 protein and B-actin were determined at 48 hpi. Quantitative data represent mean values (+/-SD) of triplicate determinations from three independent experiments (*p<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001, one-way ANOVA test). Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (//doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092704.g001) licensed under a CC-BY licence.Western Blot: NOD2 Antibody (2D9) [NB100-524] - Total protein from human THP1 and US-OS cells and mouse Raw264.7 cells was separated on a 7.5% gel by SDS-PAGE, transferred to PVDF membrane and blocked in 5% non-fat milk in TBST. The membrane was probed with 2.0 ug/ml anti-NOD2 in 1% non-fat milk in TBST and detected with an anti-mouse HRP secondary antibody using chemiluminescence.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

     1 Review

23 Publications
NB600-41532
Western Blot: Albumin Antibody [NB600-41532] - Analysis using the HRP conjugate of NB600-41532. Detection of Albumin in whole mouse liver extracts. WB image submitted by a verified customer review.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Albumin Antibody [NB600-41532] - NLRP12 downregulates multiple JNK activating pathways in hepatocytes. For checking the purity of primary hepatocytes, hepatocytes isolated from healthy WT and Nlrp12-/- mouse livers were immunostained with antibody for hepatocyte-specific marker Albumin and counterstained with DAPI. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (https://elifesciences.org/articles/40396), licensed under a CC-BY licence.

Goat Polyclonal
Species Mouse
Applications WB, ELISA, ICC/IF

38 Publications
NBP1-31329
Western Blot: Acetylcholinesterase/ACHE Antibody [NBP1-31329] - Various tissue extracts (50 ug) were separated by 7.5% SDS-PAGE, and the membrane was blotted with AChE antibody diluted at 1:500. The HRP-conjugated anti-rabbit IgG antibody (NBP2-19301) was used to detect the primary antibody.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Acetylcholinesterase/ACHE Antibody [NBP1-31329] - Paraformaldehyde-fixed HeLa, using AChE antibody (Green) at 1:500 dilution. Alpha-tubulin filaments were labeled with an alpha Tubulin antibody (Red) at 1:2500.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

NBP1-47842
Western Blot: ERK2 Antibody (6E5) [NBP1-47842] - Analysis of extracts (35ug) from 9 different cell lines by using anti-ERK2 monoclonal antibody.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: ERK2 Antibody (6E5) [NBP1-47842] - Endometrium tissue within the normal limits using antiMAPK1mouse monoclonal antibody. (Heat-induced epitope retrieval by 10mM citric buffer, pH6.0, 100C for 10min,Dilution 1:50)

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

NB200-103
Western Blot: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - Analysis of p53 in MCF7 and HeLa lystates. Image courtesy of anonymous customer product review.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - PC12 cells were fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde for 10 minutes and permeabilized in 0.5% Triton X-100 in PBS for 5 minutes. The cells were incubated with anti-p53 Antibody (PAb 240) NB200-103 at 2 ug/ml overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-mouse Dylight 488 (Green) at a 1:1000 dilution for 60 minutes. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue).  Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

     3 Reviews

33 Publications
NBP1-86616
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: CRAT Antibody [NBP1-86616] - Analysis in human testis and lymph node tissues.  Corresponding CRAT RNA-seq data are presented for the same tissues.Western Blot: CRAT Antibody [NBP1-86616] - Analysis using Anti-CRAT antibody NBP1-86616 (A) shows similar pattern to independent antibody NBP1-86615 (B).

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

NBP1-91258
Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Fibronectin Antibody [NBP1-91258] - NIH3T3 cells were fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde for 10 minutes and permeabilized in 0.05% Triton X-100 in PBS for 5 minutes. The cells were incubated with anti- NBP1-91258 at 1 ug/ml overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-rabbit Dylight 488 (Green) at a 1:1000 dilution for 60 minutes. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue).  Cells were imaged using a 100X objective and digitally deconvolved.Western Blot: Fibronectin Antibody [NBP1-91258] - VSOP observed in perivascular-restricted spinal cord lesions with intact BBB. Immunostaining for laminin (brown) shows vascular endothelium and glia limitans of a perivascular lesion, along with infiltrating cells and VSOP (blue). Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (http://asn.sagepub.com/lookup/doi/10.1042/AN20120081), licensed under a CC-BY licence.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, ICC/IF

     11 Reviews

36 Publications
NBP2-24916
Western Blot: Catalase Antibody [NBP2-24916] - Analysis in liver lysate of 1) human 2) mouse and 3) rat at 0.1 ug/ml.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Catalase Antibody [NBP2-24916] - Staining of human liver tissue using an isotype control (top) and this antibody (bottom) at 5 ug/ml.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

     1 Review

8 Publications
NBP2-29463
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: p21/CIP1/CDKN1A Antibody (WA-1) [NBP2-29463] - Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human bladder carcinoma stained with p21 Monoclonal Antibody (WA-1).

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

15 Publications
NB100-1533
Western Blot: POMC Antibody [NB100-1533] - Staining of NIH3T3 cell lysate with antibody at 0.3 ug/mL (A) and Rat Brain cell lysate with antibody at 2 ug/mL (B). 35 ug protein in RIPA buffer. Detected by chemiluminescence.Immunohistochemistry: POMC Antibody [NB100-1533] - Representative confocal images of POMC in POMC-transfected WT and Sel1L-/- N2a cells. White arrows point to POMC-containing secretory granules, while yellow arrows point to perinuclear POMC. KDEL marks the ER. Representative data from at least 2 independent experiments are shown. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (jci.org/articles/view/96420), licensed under a CC-BY licence.

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

10 Publications
AF887
Western blot shows lysates of NIH‑3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 100 ng/mL Human PDGF (Catalog #<A class=NoLineLink href=Simple Western lane view shows lysates of MCF‑7 human breast cancer cell line and A549 human lung carcinoma cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 100 ng/mL Recombinant Human IGF‑I (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

25 Publications
AF231
        EGFR  was detected in immersion fixed frozen sections of human skin using Goat Anti-Human EGFR Antigen  Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF231) at  1 µg/mL for 1 hour at room temperature followed by  incubation with the Anti-Goat IgG VisUCyte™ HRP Polymer Antibody  (Catalog # <a class=    EGFR  was detected in immersion fixed A431 human epithelial carcinoma cell line  using Goat Anti-Human EGFR Antigen Affinity-purified  Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF231) at 1 µg/mL for 3  hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the  NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody  (red; Catalog # <a class=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Flow, IHC

     1 Review

8 Publications
NBP2-37447
Western Blot: Somatostatin Antibody (7G5) [NBP2-37447] - Analysis using SST mAb against human SST recombinant protein. (Expected MW is 38.2 kDa)Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Somatostatin Antibody (7G5) [NBP2-37447] - Analysis of lung cancer tissues using SST mouse mAb with DAB staining.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

     1 Review

1 Publication
7268-CT
Recombinant Human CTLA-4 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 7268-CT) inhibits IL-2 secretion by stimulated Jurkat human acute Tcell leukemia cells. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 0.03-0.15 μg/mL whenstimulated with 1 μg/mL Recombinant Human B7‑1/CD80 Fc Chimera (Catalog # <a class=


Species Human
Applications BA

     3 Reviews

2 Publications
DVE00
 VEGF [HRP] VEGF [HRP]


Species Human
Applications ELISA

     26 Reviews

556 Publications
210-TA
1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     36 Reviews

677 Publications
236-EG
1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human EGF was resolved with SDS-PAGE  and visualized by silver staining under reducing (R) conditions, showing a single band at 6 kDa.Recombinant Human EGF (Catalog # 236‑EG) stimulates cell proliferation of the Balb/3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 20‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     24 Reviews

537 Publications
NBP2-45041
Flow Cytometry: HLA DQ Antibody (SPV-L3) [NBP2-45041] - Flow Cytometric Analysis of Raji cells. HLA DQ Antibody (SPV-L3) followed by goat anti-Mouse IgG-CF488 (Blue); Isotype Control (Red).

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Porcine
Applications Flow, ICC/IF, IF

3 Publications
NBP2-34260
Western Blot: Insulin Antibody (E2-E3 (same as INS04)) [NBP2-34260] - Probing of Western blots of pancreatic lysates from control and iron overloaded Tg40 PrP and PrP-/- mice with antibodies specific for insulin dimer and pentamer (upper and lower panels) shows decreased expression in Tg40 PrP relative to PrP-/- samples (lanes 1 & 5 vs. 3 & 7). Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (nature.com/articles/s41598-018-24786-1), licensed under a CC-BY licence.Immunohistochemistry: Insulin Antibody (E2-E3 (same as INS04)) [NBP2-34260] - Immunohistochemistry of pancreas shows relatively higher reactivity for insulin in PrP-/- relative to Tg40 PrP sections (panels 1 & 3). Iron overloading decreases insulin reactivity in Tg40 PrP but not in PrP-/- samples (panels 1 vs. 2 & 3 vs. 4). Reaction for glucagon is higher in iron overloaded Tg40 PrP relative to control samples (panels 5 & 6). The difference is minimal in PrP-/- samples (panels 7 & 8). Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-24786-1), licensed under a CC-BY licence.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Porcine
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

     5 Reviews

3 Publications
NBP2-58917
Western Blot: GLYAT Antibody [NBP2-58917] - Western blot analysis in human cell line RT-4, human cell line U-251 MG, human plasma and human liver tissue.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: GLYAT Antibody [NBP2-58917] - Staining of human skeletal muscle.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P