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Insulin Secretion Pathway Bioinformatics

Insulin is a peptide hormone that is responsible for helping with the regulation of carbohydrate and fat metabolism, as it causes the cells of various tissues to absorb glucose in various forms from the bloodstream. Insulin is produced in the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans located in the pancreas, and is ready to be released into the body once it is cleaved from its signal peptide. Once glucose enters the body, it migrates to the pancreas an enters the beta cell, which leads to membrane depolarization and opens the calcium channels, allowing calcium to flow into the cell. The increase of calcium inside the cell initiates the secretion of insulin through secretory vesicles that fuse with the cell membrane, and insulin enters the bloodstream and begins its job of regulating blood and cell glucose levels. Deficiencies in insulin or resistance to the protein can lead to diseases including diabetes mellitus and polycystic ovary syndrome.

Insulin Secretion Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Insulin Secretion below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 1568 products for the study of the Insulin Secretion Pathway that can be applied to Western Blot, Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

NBP2-34260
Western Blot: Insulin Antibody (E2-E3 (same as INS04)) [NBP2-34260] - Probing of Western blots of pancreatic lysates from control and iron overloaded Tg40 PrP and PrP-/- mice with antibodies specific for insulin dimer and pentamer (upper and lower panels) shows decreased expression in Tg40 PrP relative to PrP-/- samples (lanes 1 & 5 vs. 3 & 7). Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (nature.com/articles/s41598-018-24786-1), licensed under a CC-BY licence.Immunohistochemistry: Insulin Antibody (E2-E3 (same as INS04)) [NBP2-34260] - Immunohistochemistry of pancreas shows relatively higher reactivity for insulin in PrP-/- relative to Tg40 PrP sections (panels 1 & 3). Iron overloading decreases insulin reactivity in Tg40 PrP but not in PrP-/- samples (panels 1 vs. 2 & 3 vs. 4). Reaction for glucagon is higher in iron overloaded Tg40 PrP relative to control samples (panels 5 & 6). The difference is minimal in PrP-/- samples (panels 7 & 8). Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-24786-1), licensed under a CC-BY licence.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Porcine
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

     5 Reviews

1 Publication
MAB1249
Glucagon was detected in immersion fixed beta TC-6 mouse beta cell insulinoma cell line using 10 µg/mL Human/Mouse Glucagon Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB1249) for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained with the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # <A class=     beta TC‑6  mouse beta cell insulinoma cell line was stained with Mouse Anti-Human/Mouse  Glucagon Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB1249, filled histogram) or isotype  control antibody (Catalog # <a class=

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications CyTOF-ready, ICC, ICFlow

     3 Reviews

4 Publications
NBP3-04865
Western Blot: GIP Antibody [NBP3-04865] - Analysis of extracts of various cell lines, using GIP antibody at 1:1000 dilution. Secondary antibody: HRP Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG (H+L) at 1:10000 dilution. Lysates/proteins: 25ug per lane. Blocking buffer: 3% nonfat dry milk in TBST. Detection: ECL Enhanced Kit.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: GIP Antibody [NBP3-04865] - Analysis of U2OS cells using GIP antibody. Blue: DAPI for nuclear staining.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

NBP1-33144
Western Blot: Glucokinase/GCK Antibody [NBP1-33144] - Various whole cell extracts (30 ug) were separated by 10% SDS-PAGE, and the membrane was blotted with Glucokinase antibody [N1C1-2]  diluted at 1:1000. The HRP-conjugated anti-rabbit IgG antibody (NBP2-19301) was used to detect the primary antibody.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Glucokinase/GCK Antibody [NBP1-33144] -  HeLa cells were fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde at RT for 15 min. Green: Glucokinase protein stained by Glucokinase antibody [N1C1-2] diluted at 1:500.Blue: Hoechst 33342 staining.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

NBP2-37447
Western Blot: Somatostatin Antibody (7G5) [NBP2-37447] - Analysis using SST mAb against human SST recombinant protein. (Expected MW is 38.2 kDa)Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Somatostatin Antibody (7G5) [NBP2-37447] - Analysis of lung cancer tissues using SST mouse mAb with DAB staining.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

     1 Review

1 Publication
NBP2-44318
Western Blot: G protein alpha Inhibitor 2 Antibody [NBP2-44318] - Analysis of human peripheral blood lymphocytes lysate (35 ug protein in RIPA buffer). Antibody at 2 ug/mL. Detected by chemiluminescence.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: G protein alpha Inhibitor 2 Antibody [NBP2-44318] - Staining of paraffin embedded Human Tonsil. Antibody at 5 ug/mL. Steamed antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6, AP-staining.

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

1 Publication
AF3145

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB

3 Publications
NBP2-59320
Western Blot: SUR1 Antibody (S289-16) [NBP2-59320] - Analysis of mouse pancreatic islets. Lane 1: Molecular Weight Ladder. Lanes 2-5: Samples from pooled pancreatic islets. Load: ~10ug. Primary Antibody: Anti-SUR1 Monoclonal Antibody at 1:200 for ~16hrs at 4C. Secondary Antibody: Goat Anti-Mouse IgG: HRP at 1:1000 for 1hr RT. Image from verified customer review.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: SUR1 Antibody (S289-16) [NBP2-59320] - Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)-positive specimens from human contusion- traumatic brain injury (TBI) exhibit sulfonylurea receptor 1 (SUR1) expression in astrocytes.Double immunolabeling for SUR1 (red) and GFAP (green) showed astrocyte expression of SUR1; merged images confirm co-localization (yellow); in situ hybridization of the same tissue section for Abcc8 messenger RNA showed positive signal co-localized with GFAP-positive, SUR1-expressing astrocytes; arrowheads point to cells with all three signals. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (//www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/neu.2018.5986) licensed under a CC-BY licence.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

     2 Reviews

1 Publication
NBP2-12793
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Insulin Receptor beta Antibody [NBP2-12793] - Staining shows expression of insulin receptor beta in the Cortex in mouse brain. Dilution 1:500Immunoprecipitation: Insulin Receptor beta Antibody [NBP2-12793] - Samples:  Whole cell lysate from HeLa (15 and 50 ug for WB; 1 mg for IP, 20% of IP loaded), 293T (T; 50 ug), Jurkat (J; 50 ug) and mouse NIH3T3 (M; 50 ug) cells. Antibodies: Affinity purified rabbit anti-Insulin Receptor Beta antibody NBP2-12793 used for WB at 0.1 ug/ml (A) and 1 ug/ml (B) and used for IP at 6 ug/mg lysate.  Insulin Receptor Beta was also immunoprecipitated by rabbit anti-Insulin Receptor Beta antibody, which recognizes an upstream epitope.  Detection: Chemiluminescence with exposure times of 30 seconds (A and B).

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

     1 Review

2 Publications
MOB00B
 Leptin/OB [HRP] Leptin/OB [HRP]


Species Mouse, Rat

     1 Review

123 Publications
AF1180
Western blot shows lysate of LoVo human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 0.2 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human DPPIV/CD26 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1180) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=Western blot shows lysate of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). PVDF membrane was probed with 0.2 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human DPPIV/CD26 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1180) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

     5 Reviews

23 Publications
NBP2-76944
Western Blot: Kir6.2 Antibody [NBP2-76944] - Western blot analysis of Kir6.2 on different lysates. Proteins were transferred to a PVDF membrane and blocked with 5% BSA in PBS for 1 hour at room temperature. The primary antibody was used at a 1:500 dilution in 5% BSA at room temperature for 2 hours. Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG - HRP Secondary Antibody at 1:5,000 dilution was used for 1 hour at room temperature.Positive control: Lane 1: Human liver tissue lysateLane 2: Mouse liver tissue lysateImmunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Kir6.2 Antibody [NBP2-76944] - ICC staining of Kir6.2 in LoVo cells (green). Formalin fixed cells were permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 in TBS for 10 minutes at room temperature and blocked with 1% Blocker BSA for 15 minutes at room temperature. Cells were probed with the antibody at a dilution of 1:200 for 1 hour at room temperature, washed with PBS. Alexa Fluor488 Goat anti-Rabbit IgG was used as the secondary antibody at 1/100 dilution. The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue).

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

291-G1
1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human IGF-I/IGF-1 was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 7 kDa.Recombinant Human IGF-I/IGF-1 (Catalog # 291-G1) stimulates proliferation in the MCF-7 human breast cancer cell line. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 0.3‑1.5 ng/mL.


Species Human

     5 Reviews

139 Publications
NBP1-97308
Western Blot: GLP-1R Antibody [NBP1-97308] - Total protein from Human and Mouse brain and SHSY-5Y cells was separated on a 12% gel by SDS-PAGE, transferred to PVDF membrane and blocked in 5% non-fat milk in TBST. The membrane was probed with 2.0 ug/ml anti-GLP1R in 1% non-fat milk in TBST and detected with an anti-rabbit HRP secondary antibody using chemiluminescence.Western Blot: GLP-1R Antibody [NBP1-97308] - Analysis of GLP1R in human pancreas cell lysate.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, DB

17 Publications
AF2419
Western blot shows lysates of  beta TC‑6 mouse beta cell insulinoma cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human PDX‑1/IPF1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF2419) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=PDX‑1/IPF1 was detected in immersion fixed BG01V human embryonic stem cells differentiated into pancreatic progenitor cells using Goat Anti-Human PDX‑1/IPF1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF2419) at 10 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 493-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (green; Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

     3 Reviews

22 Publications
NBP1-06579

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, IHC