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Muscular Dystrophy: Disease Bioinformatics

Muscular dystrophy refers to a group of over 30 progressive muscle weakening disorders that are often disabling. Most forms of muscular dystrophy have symptoms that begin in early childhood, but some have symptoms that do not appear until early to late adulthood. The most common form of muscular dystrophy is Duchenne muscular dystrophy, which affects approximately 1 in 3,500 males. Girls are less affected by the common types of muscular dystrophy, which are inherited in an X-linked manner. There is no cure for any type of muscular dystrophy, and treatment is supportive and often includes use of wheelchairs, walkers, and breathing aids. Many forms of muscular dystrophy have an average life expectancy of late teens to early twenties, but with the introduction of supportive care and more information available about the disorders, the life expectancy is increasing.

Top Research Reagents

We have 769 products for the study of Muscular Dystrophy that can be applied to Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/ Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Western Blot from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

NBP3-15472
Western Blot: FKTN Antibody (7J5N6) [NBP3-15472] - Western blot analysis of extracts of various cell lines, using FKTN antibody (NBP3-15472) at 1:1000 dilution. Secondary antibody: HRP Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG (H+L) at 1:10000 dilution. Lysates/proteins: 25ug per lane. Blocking buffer: 3% nonfat dry milk in TBST. Detection: ECL Basic Kit. Exposure time: 60s.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: FKTN Antibody (7J5N6) [NBP3-15472] - Immunohistochemistry of paraffin-embedded human colon using FKTN Rabbit mAb (NBP3-15472) at dilution of 1:100 (40x lens).Perform high pressure antigen retrieval with 10 mM citrate buffer pH 6.0 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.

Rabbit Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

NBP3-15539
Western Blot: PABPN1 Antibody (7V4X8) [NBP3-15539] - Western blot analysis of extracts of various cell lines, using PABPN1 Rabbit mAb (NBP3-15539) at 1:1000 dilution. Secondary antibody: HRP Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG (H+L) at 1:10000 dilution. Lysates/proteins: 25ug per lane. Blocking buffer: 3% nonfat dry milk in TBST. Detection: ECL Basic Kit. Exposure time: 10s.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: PABPN1 Antibody (7V4X8) [NBP3-15539] - Immunofluorescence analysis of U-2 OS cells using PABPN1 Rabbit mAb (NBP3-15539) at dilution of 1:100 (40x lens). Blue: DAPI for nuclear staining.

Rabbit Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

NBP3-15896
Western Blot: alpha-Sarcoglycan Antibody (3W3Q10) [NBP3-15896] - Western blot analysis of extracts of various cell lines, using alpha-Sarcoglycan (SGCA) Rabbit mAb (NBP3-15896) at 1:500 dilution. Secondary antibody: HRP Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG (H+L) at 1:10000 dilution. Lysates/proteins: 25ug per lane. Blocking buffer: 3% nonfat dry milk in TBST. Detection: ECL Basic Kit. Exposure time: 10s.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: alpha-Sarcoglycan Antibody (3W3Q10) [NBP3-15896] - Immunofluorescence analysis of mouse heart cells using alpha-Sarcoglycan Rabbit mAb (NBP3-15896) at dilution of 1:100 (40x lens). Blue: DAPI for nuclear staining.

Rabbit Monoclonal
Species Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

NB300-164
Western Blot: Bestrophin 1 Antibody (E6-6) - BSA Free [NB300-164] - Western blot analysis of the normal and mutant human Best1 protein in transiently transfected MDCK cells. Best1 proteins are detectable as a 68 kDa band in all transfected cells, but not in non-transfected controls (MDCK lane). Actin bands are shown to indicate equal loading of cell lysates. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/14/7/15121), licensed under a CC-BY license.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Bestrophin 1 Antibody (E6-6) - BSA Free [NB300-164] - X-Z confocal single image scan of transiently transfected cells with different BEST1 cDNA constructs showing mislocalization of mutants Y85H, Q96R, L100R and Y227N. Cells were stained for Best1 (green), beta-catenin (red) and nuclei (blue). Scale bar = 10 um. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/14/7/15121), licensed under a CC-BY license.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Porcine
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

     1 Review

47 Publications
NBP1-31756
Western Blot: Calpain 3 Antibody [NBP1-31756] - Sample (30 ug of whole cell lysate) A: Molt-4 10% SDS PAGE; antibody diluted at 1:1000.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Calpain 3 Antibody [NBP1-31756] - Analysis of methanol-fixed HeLa, using antibody at 1:200 dilution.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ICC/IF

NBP1-84074
Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Utrophin Antibody [NBP1-84074] - Staining of human cell line U-251 MG shows localization to nucleoplasm & plasma membrane. Antibody staining is shown in green.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Utrophin Antibody [NBP1-84074] - Staining of human liver shows no membranous positivity in hepatocytes as expected.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications ICC/IF, IHC, IHC-P

NBP1-84695
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Dysferlin Antibody [NBP1-84695] - Staining of human testis shows moderate membranous positivity in cells in seminiferous ducts.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Dysferlin Antibody [NBP1-84695] - Staining of human skeletal muscle shows high expression.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications IHC, IHC-P

NBP1-85630
Western Blot: Choline kinase alpha Antibody [NBP1-85630] - Analysis in human cell lines SK-MEL-30 and U-251MG using anti-CHKA antibody. Corresponding CHKA RNA-seq data are presented for the same cell lines. Loading control: anti-HDAC1.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Choline kinase alpha Antibody [NBP1-85630] -  Staining of human gastrointestinal shows moderate cytoplasmic positivity in glandular cells.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

1 Publication
NBP1-87692
Western Blot: Emerin Antibody [NBP1-87692] - Analysis in RT-4 cells transfected with control siRNA, target specific siRNA probe #1 and #2. Remaining relative intensity is presented. Loading control: Anti-GAPDH.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Emerin Antibody [NBP1-87692] - Staining of human cell line U-251 MG shows localization to nuclear membrane & endoplasmic reticulum. Antibody staining is shown in green.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

5 Publications
NBP1-89953
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Dystrophin Antibody [NBP1-89953] - Staining in human skeletal muscle and tonsil tissues . Corresponding DMD RNA-seq data are presented for the same tissues.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Dystrophin Antibody [NBP1-89953] - Staining of human heart muscle shows strong membranous positivity in myocytes.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications ICC/IF, IHC, IHC-P

4 Publications
NBP1-90299
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: gamma Sarcoglycan Antibody [NBP1-90299] - Staining in human heart muscle and prostate tissues using anti-SGCG antibody. Corresponding SGCG RNA-seq data are presented for the same tissues.Western Blot: gamma Sarcoglycan Antibody [NBP1-90299] - Analysis in control (vector only transfected HEK293T lysate) and SGCG over-expression lysate (Co-expressed with a C-terminal myc-DDK tag (3.1 kDa) in mammalian HEK293T cells).

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

     1 Review

NBP2-25151
Western Blot: Lamin A + C Antibody (4C4) [NBP2-25151] - Analysis of different cell lysates using mouse mAb to lamin A/C, NBP2-25151, dilution 1:1,000 in green: [1] protein standard (red), [2] HeLa, [3] HEK293 [4] C6, and [5] NIH-3T3 cell lysates. Two strong bands at 74 and 65kDa correspond to the lamin A and lamin C proteins respectively, detected only in the cells of human origin. NBP2-25151 antibody failed to recognize rat or mouse proteins.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Lamin A + C Antibody (4C4) [NBP2-25151] - Analysis of HeLa cells stained with mouse mAb to lamin A/C, NBP2-25151, dilution 1:2,000 in red, and costained with rabbit pAb to HSP60, dilution 1:5,000, in green. The blue is Hoechst staining of nuclear DNA. NBP2-25151 antibody specifically labels the nuclear lamina, while the HSP60 antibody reveals protein expressed in mitochondria.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF

2 Publications
MAB6967
Western blot shows lysates of human heart tissue. PVDF membrane was probed with 2 µg/mL of Mouse Anti-Human DMPK Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB6967) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB

AF6868
Western blot shows lysates of MCF‑7 human breast cancer cell line, SH‑SY5Y human neuroblastoma cell line, human muscle tissue, and human placenta tissue. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Sheep Anti-Human Dystroglycan Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF6868) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Sheep IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=Dystroglycan was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human skeletal muscle using Sheep Anti-Human Dystroglycan Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF6868) at 3 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Before incubation with the primary antibody, tissue was subjected to heat-induced epitope retrieval using Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Basic (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Sheep Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC, KO

7 Publications
H00079147-Q01
12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue.


Species Human
Applications WB, ELISA, PA

NB110-5029
Western Blot: Caveolin-3 Antibody [NB110-5029] - Analysis of rat cardiac muscle protein extract.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Caveolin-3 Antibody [NB110-5029] - C2C11 cells were grown on chamber slides and fixed with formaldehyde prior to staining. Cells were probed without (control) or with a Caveolin 3 polyclonal antibody at a dilution of 1:20 overnight at 4 C, washed with PBS and incubated with a DyLight-488 conjugated secondary antibody and nuclei with DAPI (blue) is shown.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

2 Publications
8184-CK


Species Human
Applications EnzAct


Related Genes

Muscular Dystrophy has been researched against:

Alternate Names

Muscular Dystrophy is also known as Dystrophies, Muscular, Hereditary Progressive Muscular Dystrophy, Muscular Dystrophies, Myodystrophies, Myodystrophy.