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Inflammation: Disease Bioinformatics

In the most general terms, inflammation is a biological response produced by the body’s immune system to protect itself from potentially harmful substances. There are two types of inflammation: acute inflammation and chronic inflammation. Acute inflammation is the rapid-onset type of inflammation that produces symptoms for only a few days. Chronic inflammation is a long-term type of inflammation that may be caused by the body’s failure to eliminate the cause of an acute inflammatory response or by an autoimmune response. On the cellular level, inflammation is mediated by a variety of cell types, including neutrophils, basophils, eosinophils, macrophages, monocytes, lymphocytes, fibroblasts and plasma cells. There is a complex series of proteins that mediate the inflammatory response. Cytokines are signaling proteins produced by various cells for use in cellular communication in order to regulate inflammation. Interleukin 1 (IL-1) and Interleukin 6 (IL-6) are released by macrophages and work with TNF-alpha to induce inflammation at the onset of infection. Interleukin 8 (IL-8) is a chemotactic factor that recruits neutrophils from the blood to sites of infection in order to initiate the inflammatory response. Chemokines, small proteins that are also involved in the inflammatory response, are a type of cytokine that attract leukocytes to infection sites by acting as chemoattractants. Chemokines interact with the targeted leukocyte via GPCRs. This interaction causes two effects: first, the leukocyte’s adhesive properties change allowing movement from blood to tissue and secondly, the leukocyte’s movement to the center of infection is driven via a chemokine gradient.

Inflammation Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Inflammation below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 4276 products for the study of Inflammation that can be applied to Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Western Blot, Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP) from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

210-TA
1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human

     29 Reviews

638 Publications
7270-IL/CF


Species Human

DCRP00
 C-Reactive Protein/CRP [HRP] C-Reactive Protein/CRP [HRP]


Species Human

     1 Review

78 Publications
M1000B
 IL-10 [HRP] IL-10 [HRP]


Species Mouse

     4 Reviews

179 Publications
DCP00
 CCL2/JE/MCP-1 [HRP] CCL2/JE/MCP-1 [HRP]


Species Human

     7 Reviews

178 Publications
6507-IL/CF


Species Human

3 Publications
AF5739
Western blot shows lysates of ME-180 human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line, HT-2 mouse T cell line, and Rat-2 rat embryonic fibroblast cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 0.5 µg/mL Goat Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat CSRP1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF5739) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB

NBP2-34260
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Insulin Antibody (E2-E3 (same as INS04)) [NBP2-34260] - Insulin E2E3, human pancreas (FFPE), HIER pH 9 antigen retrieval. Image from verified customer review.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Insulin Antibody (E2-E3 (same as INS04)) [NBP2-34260] - Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human pancreas stained with insulin Monoclonal Antibody (E2-E3)

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Porcine
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

     5 Reviews

1 Publication
D8000C
 CXCL8/IL-8 [HRP] CXCL8/IL-8 [HRP]


Species Human

     8 Reviews

310 Publications
NB100-56583
Western Blot: NFkB p105/p50 Antibody (2J10D7) [NB100-56583] - Analysis of p50 in HeLa lysate in the A) absence and B) presence of immunizing peptide using p50 antibody at 5 ug/ml.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: NFkB p105/p50 Antibody (2J10D7) [NB100-56583] - IHC-P of rabbit aorta using NB100-56583. Secondary antibody: anti-mouse histofine ( Nisherei Bioscience Inc. ref: 414131F). Development: DAB (Dako ref: K346811-2) and counterstained with Hematoxylin. Submitted via verified customer review

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Rat, Rabbit
Applications WB, Flow, IHC

     1 Review

3 Publications
201-LB
1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human IL-1 beta /IL-1F2 was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 17 kDa.Recombinant Human IL-1 beta /IL-1F2 (Catalog # 201-LB) stimulates cell proliferation of the D10.G4.1 mouse helper T cell line. The ED<SUB>50</SUB> for this effect is <12 pg/mL.


Species Human

     16 Reviews

399 Publications
NB300-605
Western Blot: iNOS Antibody [NB300-605] - Analysis of iNOS was performed by loading 20ug of RAW264 whole cell lysate untreated (left lane) or stimulated with LPS at 1ug/mL for 16 hours (right lane) and 10ul of PageRuler Plus Prestained Protein Ladder onto a 4-20% Tris-Glycine polyacrylamide gel. Proteins were transferred to a nitrocellulose membrane and blocked with 5% Milk in TBST for at least 1 hour. The membrane was probed with an iNOS Rabbit polyclonal antibody at a dilution of 1:1000 overnight at 4C on a rocking platform, washed in TBST, and probed with a Goat anti-Rabbit IgG (H+L) Secondary Antibody, HRP conjugate at a dilution of 1:1000 for 1 hour. Chemiluminescent detection was performed using SuperSignal West Pico.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: iNOS Antibody [NB300-605] - Immunohistochemistry was performed on normal deparaffinized human Lung tissue.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, IB

     2 Reviews

47 Publications
NB100-689
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: COX-2 Antibody [NB100-689] - Formalin fixed paraffin embedded colon carcinoma stained with COX-2 antibody (NB100-689).Simple Western: COX-2 Antibody [NB100-689] - Simple Western lane view shows a specific band for COX2 in 1.0 mg/ml of Rat Brain at an antibody concentration of 1:100.  This experiment was performed under reducing conditions using the 12-230 kDa separation system.  Image provided through customer review.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

     1 Review

24 Publications
285-IF
Recombinant Human IFN-gamma  (Catalog # 285‑IF) demonstrates anti-viral activity in HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cells infected with encephalomyocarditis (EMC) virus. The activity is over 2-fold greater than the top competitor's IFN-gamma.1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human IFN-gamma  was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 17 kDa.


Species Human

     15 Reviews

326 Publications
AF3667
Western blot shows lysates of HL‑60 human acute promyelocytic leukemia cell line, human neutrophil cells, and mouse spleen tissue. PVDF membrane was probed with 0.5 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human/Mouse Myeloperoxidase/MPO Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF3667) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=Simple Western lane view shows lysates of mouse spleen tissue, loaded at 0.2 mg/mL. A specific band was detected for Myeloperoxidase/MPO at approximately 67 kDa (as indicated) using 5 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human/Mouse Myeloperoxidase/MPO Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF3667) followed by 1:50 dilution of HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

     4 Reviews

25 Publications
NB600-41532
Western Blot: Albumin Antibody [NB600-41532] - Analysis using the HRP conjugate of NB600-41532. Detection of Albumin in whole mouse liver extracts. Image courtesy of anonymous customer product review.

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, ELISA, ICC/IF

36 Publications
NB100-56566
Dual RNAscope ISH-IHC: TLR4 Antibody (76B357.1) [NB100-56566] - Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections of human tonsil were probed for TLR4 mRNA (ACD RNAScope Probe, catalog #311281; Fast Red chromogen, ACD catalog # 322750). Adjacent tissue section was processed for immunohistochemistry using Mouse Monoclonal  (Novus Biologicals catalog #NB100-56566) at 5ug/mL with 1 hour incubation at room temperature followed by incubation with anti-mouse IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer Antibody (Catalog # VC001) and DAB chromogen (yellow-brown). Tissue was counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to lymphocytes.Immunohistochemistry: TLR4 Antibody (76B357.1) [NB100-56566] - Pericryptal Myofibroblasts are Responsible for Increased TLR4 Expression in a Subset of CRCs. Double-stained immunofluorescence for TLR4 (green) and vimentin (red) in normal (I), adenoma (II), and colon adenocarcinoma (III) (10x). In the stromal compartment of CRCs, immunofluorescent staining for TLR4 localized to the pericryptal myofibroblasts in a subset of samples. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (http://www.jeccr.com/content/33/1/45), licensed under a CC-BY licence.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ChIP, DB

     5 Reviews

93 Publications
M1300CB
 IL-13 [HRP] IL-13 [HRP]


Species Mouse

     3 Reviews

113 Publications
NBP1-19371
Western Blot: CD4 Antibody [NBP1-19371] - CD4 antibody was tested in the following cell lysates: 1) human spleen 2) human tonsil 3) human placenta 4) human kidney 5) human liver 6) mouse spleen 7) mouse placenta 8) rat placenta.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: CD4 Antibody [NBP1-19371] - CD4 antibody was tested in Jurkat cells with DyLight 488 (green). Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (blue).

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, Flow

     8 Reviews

24 Publications