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Hepatitis B: Disease Bioinformatics

Hepatitis B is a serious liver infection caused by the Hepatitis B virus. Hepatitis B can cause short yet severe illness and lead to chronic or lifelong infection, cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver, liver cancer, liver failure, and death. Hepatitis B is transmitted by punctures through the skin or mucosal contact with infectious blood or body fluids. Hepatitis B vaccination is the most effective measure to prevent Hepatitis B and its consequences and is recommended for all infants and others at risk for Hepatitis B.

Hepatitis B Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Hepatitis B below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 7390 products for the study of Hepatitis B that can be applied to Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP), Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Western Blot from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

NB600-41532
Western Blot: Albumin Antibody [NB600-41532] - Analysis using the HRP conjugate of NB600-41532. Detection of Albumin in whole mouse liver extracts. WB image submitted by a verified customer review.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Albumin Antibody [NB600-41532] - NLRP12 downregulates multiple JNK activating pathways in hepatocytes. For checking the purity of primary hepatocytes, hepatocytes isolated from healthy WT and Nlrp12-/- mouse livers were immunostained with antibody for hepatocyte-specific marker Albumin and counterstained with DAPI. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (https://elifesciences.org/articles/40396), licensed under a CC-BY licence.

Goat Polyclonal
Species Mouse
Applications WB, ELISA, ICC/IF

38 Publications
NB600-41532
Western Blot: Albumin Antibody [NB600-41532] - Analysis using the HRP conjugate of NB600-41532. Detection of Albumin in whole mouse liver extracts. WB image submitted by a verified customer review.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Albumin Antibody [NB600-41532] - NLRP12 downregulates multiple JNK activating pathways in hepatocytes. For checking the purity of primary hepatocytes, hepatocytes isolated from healthy WT and Nlrp12-/- mouse livers were immunostained with antibody for hepatocyte-specific marker Albumin and counterstained with DAPI. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (https://elifesciences.org/articles/40396), licensed under a CC-BY licence.

Goat Polyclonal
Species Mouse
Applications WB, ELISA, ICC/IF

38 Publications
NB200-540
Flow (Intracellular): Complement C3 Antibody (11H9) [NB200-540] - An intracellular stain was performed on RAW 246.7 cells with Complement C3 (11H9-3-2) antibody NB200-540 (blue) and a matched isotype control NBP2-31382 (orange). Cells were either treated with 3uM Monensin for 3 hours to block the secretion of Complement C3 (B) or grown in normal media (A). Cells were fixed with 4% PFA and then permeablized with 0.1% saponin. Cells were incubated in an antibody dilution of 2 ug/mL for 30 minutes at room temperature, followed by mouse F(ab)2 IgG (H+L) PE-conjugated secondary antibody (F0102B, R&D Systems).Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Complement C3 Antibody (11H9) [NB200-540] - C3 protein fragments deposited on kidney cells of MPL-lpr mouse. Staining with antibody 11H9. Glomerular staining pattern. Fixation in 4% paraformaldehyde in PBS pH 7.4. Vibratome sections of 4 um. Pretreated with 3% hydrogen peroxide for 20 min to quench endogenous peroxidases. Microwaved in antigen unmasking solution for 2-5 minutes as antigen retrieval.

Rat Monoclonal
Species Mouse, E. coli
Applications Flow, IA, ICC/IF

     2 Reviews

14 Publications
NBP1-49045
Flow Cytometry: CD8 Antibody (53-6.7) [NBP1-49045] - CD8 alpha Antibody (53-6.7) [NBP1-49045] - Analysis of lymph nodes by multiple staining.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: CD8 Antibody (53-6.7) [NBP1-49045] - CD8 alpha Antibody (53-6.7) [NBP1-49045] - CD8 alpha expression in mouse spleen tissue using anti-CD8 alpha antibody. Image from verified customer review.

Rat Monoclonal
Species Mouse, Rat
Applications Flow, ICC/IF, IHC

     3 Reviews

16 Publications
NBP1-58268
Western Blot: Coagulation Factor II/Thrombin Antibody [NBP1-58268] - 721_B tissue lysate at a concentration of 1ug/ml.Immunohistochemistry: Coagulation Factor II/Thrombin Antibody [NBP1-58268] - Analysis of human liver after heat-induced Antigen retrieval. Antibody concentration 5 ug/ml.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

     1 Review

3 Publications
NBP1-58268
Western Blot: Coagulation Factor II/Thrombin Antibody [NBP1-58268] - 721_B tissue lysate at a concentration of 1ug/ml.Immunohistochemistry: Coagulation Factor II/Thrombin Antibody [NBP1-58268] - Analysis of human liver after heat-induced Antigen retrieval. Antibody concentration 5 ug/ml.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

     1 Review

3 Publications
NBP1-79800
Western Blot: FAM126A Antibody [NBP1-79800] - Human Lung lysate, concentration 0.2-1 ug/ml.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB

NBP1-79800
Western Blot: FAM126A Antibody [NBP1-79800] - Human Lung lysate, concentration 0.2-1 ug/ml.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB

NB200-103
Western Blot: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - Analysis of p53 in MCF7 and HeLa lystates. Image courtesy of anonymous customer product review.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - PC12 cells were fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde for 10 minutes and permeabilized in 0.5% Triton X-100 in PBS for 5 minutes. The cells were incubated with anti-p53 Antibody (PAb 240) NB200-103 at 2 ug/ml overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-mouse Dylight 488 (Green) at a 1:1000 dilution for 60 minutes. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue).  Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

     3 Reviews

33 Publications
NB200-103
Western Blot: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - Analysis of p53 in MCF7 and HeLa lystates. Image courtesy of anonymous customer product review.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - PC12 cells were fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde for 10 minutes and permeabilized in 0.5% Triton X-100 in PBS for 5 minutes. The cells were incubated with anti-p53 Antibody (PAb 240) NB200-103 at 2 ug/ml overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-mouse Dylight 488 (Green) at a 1:1000 dilution for 60 minutes. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue).  Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

     3 Reviews

33 Publications
NBP1-88927
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: BBS9 Antibody [NBP1-88927] - Staining of human cerebellum shows strong cytoplasmic positivity in purkinje cells.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

3 Publications
NBP2-20383
Western Blot: SLC17A5 Antibody [NBP2-20383] - Sample (30 ug of whole cell lysate) A: Jurkat 10% SDS PAGE gel, diluted at 1:1000.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: SLC17A5 Antibody [NBP2-20383] - Sample: HepG2 cells were fixed in -20C 100% MeOH for 5 min. Green: SLC17A5 protein stained by SLC17A5 antibody diluted at 1:500. Blue: Hoechst 33343 staining.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

NB500-525
Immunohistochemistry: Lewis A Blood Group Antigen Antibody (7LE) [NB500-525] - Staining of human colon adenocarcinoma (paraffin-embedded sections) with anti-Blood Group Lewis a (7LE).Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Lewis A Blood Group Antigen Antibody (7LE) [NB500-525] - Staining of colorectal adenocarcinoma with anti-FUT3/Blood Group Lewis A (7LE).

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ELISA, IHC

2 Publications
AF3587
<P align=left>A172 human glioblastoma cell line was stained with Goat Anti-Human Carboxypeptidase E/CPE Antigen Affinity‑purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF3587, filled histogram) or control antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=<P align=left>Carboxypeptidase E/CPE was detected in immersion fixed HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line using Goat Anti-Human Carboxypeptidase E/CPE Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF3587) at 10 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (red, upper panel; Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC, IP

1 Publication
MAB1368
Simple Western lane view shows lysates of HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, loaded at 0.2 mg/mL. A specific band was detected for  alpha ‑Fetoprotein/AFP at approximately 70 kDa (as indicated) using 5 µg/mL of Mouse Anti-Human/Mouse  alpha ‑Fetoprotein/AFP Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB1368). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using the<br>12-230 kDa separation system.    Western  blot shows lysates of HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma parental cell line  and  alpha ‑Fetoprotein/AFP knockout HepG2 cell line (KO). PVDF membrane was probed  with 0.1 µg/mL of Mouse Anti-Human/Mouse  alpha ‑Fetoprotein/AFP  Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB1368) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Mouse  IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, Simple Western, CyTOF-ready

     10 Reviews

47 Publications
MAB1368
Simple Western lane view shows lysates of HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, loaded at 0.2 mg/mL. A specific band was detected for  alpha ‑Fetoprotein/AFP at approximately 70 kDa (as indicated) using 5 µg/mL of Mouse Anti-Human/Mouse  alpha ‑Fetoprotein/AFP Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB1368). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using the<br>12-230 kDa separation system.    Western  blot shows lysates of HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma parental cell line  and  alpha ‑Fetoprotein/AFP knockout HepG2 cell line (KO). PVDF membrane was probed  with 0.1 µg/mL of Mouse Anti-Human/Mouse  alpha ‑Fetoprotein/AFP  Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB1368) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Mouse  IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, Simple Western, CyTOF-ready

     10 Reviews

47 Publications
6507-IL/CF
Measured in a cell proliferation assay using TF‑1 human erythroleukemic cells. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 0.05-0.2 ng/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

3 Publications
D6050
 IL-6 [HRP] IL-6 [HRP]


Species Human
Applications ELISA

     30 Reviews

545 Publications
285-IF
Recombinant Human IFN-gamma  (Catalog # 285‑IF) demonstrates anti-viral activity in HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cells infected with encephalomyocarditis (EMC) virus. The activity is over 2-fold greater than the top competitor's IFN-gamma .1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human IFN-gamma  was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 17 kDa.


Species Human
Applications BA

     21 Reviews

357 Publications
285-IF
Recombinant Human IFN-gamma  (Catalog # 285‑IF) demonstrates anti-viral activity in HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cells infected with encephalomyocarditis (EMC) virus. The activity is over 2-fold greater than the top competitor's IFN-gamma .1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human IFN-gamma  was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 17 kDa.


Species Human
Applications BA

     21 Reviews

357 Publications
210-TA
1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     36 Reviews

676 Publications
210-TA
1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     36 Reviews

676 Publications
202-IL
1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human IL-2 was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 13 kDa.Recombinant Human IL-2 (Catalog # 202-IL) stimulates cell proliferation of the CTLL‑2 mouse cytotoxic T cell line. The ED<SUB>50</SUB> for this effect is 0.05-0.25 ng/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     25 Reviews

324 Publications
202-IL
1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human IL-2 was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 13 kDa.Recombinant Human IL-2 (Catalog # 202-IL) stimulates cell proliferation of the CTLL‑2 mouse cytotoxic T cell line. The ED<SUB>50</SUB> for this effect is 0.05-0.25 ng/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     25 Reviews

324 Publications
292-G2
1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human IGF‑II/IGF2 was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 7 kDa.Recombinant Human IGF-II/IGF2 (Catalog # 292‑G2) stimulates cell proliferation in the MCF-7 human breast cancer cell line. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 1.5‑6 ng/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     1 Review

40 Publications
DY417
 IL-10 [Biotin]


Species Mouse
Applications ELISA

     8 Reviews

220 Publications
NBP2-47594
Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: TRIM26 Antibody [NBP2-47594] - Staining  human cell line A-431 shows positivity in cytoplasm and nucleus but excluded from the nucleoli.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: TRIM26 Antibody [NBP2-47594] - Staining of human tonsil shows strong cytoplasmic positivity in germinal center and non-germinal center cells.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications ICC/IF, IHC, IHC-P

NBP2-47594
Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: TRIM26 Antibody [NBP2-47594] - Staining  human cell line A-431 shows positivity in cytoplasm and nucleus but excluded from the nucleoli.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: TRIM26 Antibody [NBP2-47594] - Staining of human tonsil shows strong cytoplasmic positivity in germinal center and non-germinal center cells.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications ICC/IF, IHC, IHC-P

NBP1-19371
Immunohistochemistry: CD4 Antibody [NBP1-19371] - Increased CD3+ and CD4+ T-cell occurrence in the brainstem of SHR-72 transgenic rat model for tauopathies. (A-D) Immunofluorescence staining showed CD4+ T-cells in SHR-72 transgenic animals. (E- H) Immunofluorescence staining showed more perivascular than brain parenchyma infiltrating CD4+ T-cells in SHR-72 transgenic animals. PLoS One. 2019 May 23;14(5):e0217216. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0217216.Immunohistochemistry: CD4 Antibody [NBP1-19371] - DBZ inhibits the accumulation of CD4+ T cells and Th2 differentiation in the AAAs. (B) The representation of immunohistochemical staining for CD4+ in abdominal aorta from four groups (left). Bar graphs show the percentage of CD4+ positive cell areas (right; n=3 per group). Bar: 50 um.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, Flow

     9 Reviews

34 Publications
NBP2-59947
Western Blot: Lamin B Receptor Antibody (BB2SS3F3) [NBP2-59947] - Analysis of whole cell lysate from human (Hela) and mouse (C2C12, immortalized mouse adult fibroblasts (MAFs), NIE-115) cell lines were separated on SDS-PAGE gel, transferred to nitrocellulose membrane and blotted with BB2SS3F3 antibody. Both primary and secondary antibodies were diluted in blocking buffer (5% nonfat dry milk resuspended in 0.1% Tween and 1X PBS). The predicted molecular weight is 70.7kDA and 71.4kDa for human and mouse LBR respectively. The absence of a band in LBR null MAFs indicated that the antibody specifically recognizes LBR.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Lamin B Receptor Antibody (BB2SS3F3) [NBP2-59947] - The antibody specifically detects LBR. Wild-type immortalized mouse adult fibroblast (MAFs LBR+/+) (upper panel) and LBR-null MEFs (MAFs LBR-/-) (lower panel) were methanol fixed and immunofluorescently stained with BB2SS3F3 mouse monoclonal antibody. In LBR-null MEFs there is a loss of BB2SS3F3 antibody staining signal indicating the LBR specific signal of the BB2SS3F3 antibody.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

1 Publication
NBP2-67471
Western Blot: c-jun [p Ser63] Antibody (SY0297) [NBP2-67471] - Human U251 glioma cell line, whole cell lysates. Cells have been treated with JNK and p38 inhibitors. WB image submited by a verified customer review.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: c-jun [p Ser63] Antibody (SY0297) [NBP2-67471] - Staining Phospho-c-Jun(S63) in PC-3M cells (green). The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue). Cells were fixed in paraformaldehyde, permeabilised with 0.25% Triton X100/PBS.

Rabbit Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

     1 Review

NBP2-75930
Western Blot: IFN-alpha 1 Antibody [NBP2-75930] - analysis of IFNA1 on mouse liver tissue lysate using anti-IFNA1 antibody at 1/100 dilution.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: IFN-alpha 1 Antibody [NBP2-75930] - staining IFNA1 in SH-SY5Y cells (green). The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue). Cells were fixed in paraformaldehyde, permeabilised with 0.25% Triton X100/PBS.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF


Alternate Names

Hepatitis B is also known as hepatitis b, hepatitis b, chronic, chronic hepatitis b, hepatitis b chronic, hbv.