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Carcinoma: Disease Bioinformatics

As the most common cancer in humans, Carcinoma is a cancer that begins in the epithelial cells and spreads to the surrounding tissues and organs. Carcinomas make up a very broad category of cancers. Some of the most common types of carcinomas are basal and squamous cell carcinoma and invasive ductal carcinoma. Basal Cell Carcinoma, caused by UV exposure, is the most common form of skin cancer and very rarely metastasizes; therefore, it is not usually life threatening. Squamous cell carcinoma, also caused by a lifetime of UV exposure, is the second most common form of skin cancer and can be life threatening if it goes untreated. Invasive ductal carcinoma is the most common form of breast cancer that starts in the milk ducts and has spread to the surrounding tissue.

Carcinoma Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Carcinoma below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 5499 products for the study of Carcinoma that can be applied to Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Western Blot, Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP) from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

NB200-103
Western Blot: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - Analysis of p53 in MCF7 and HeLa lystates. Image courtesy of anonymous customer product review.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - HeLa cells were fixed for 10 minutes using 10% formalin and then permeabilized for 5 minutes using 1X TBS + 0.5% Triton X-100. The cells were incubated with anti-p53 (PAb 240) [NB200-103] at a 1:200 dilution overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-mouse DyLight 488 (Green) at a 1:500 dilution. Actin was detected with Phalloidin 568 (Red) at a 1:200 dilution. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue). Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

     3 Reviews

26 Publications
AF1280
Western blot shows lysates of HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line and MDA‑MB‑231 human breast cancer cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 0.25 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Mouse EGFR Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1280) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=EGFR was detected in immersion fixed frozen sections of mouse embryo (13 d.p.c.) using Goat Anti-Mouse EGFR Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1280) at 15 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # <a class=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Mouse
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

     1 Review

7 Publications
DVE00
 VEGF [HRP] VEGF [HRP]


Species Human

     24 Reviews

507 Publications
1129-ER
1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human ErbB2 Fc Chimera was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing major bands at 125-130 kDa and  220-250 kDa, respectively.


Species Human

     9 Reviews

42 Publications
MAB1368
Simple Western lane view shows lysates of HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, loaded at 0.2 mg/mL. A specific band was detected for  alpha ‑Fetoprotein/AFP at approximately 70 kDa (as indicated) using 5 µg/mL of Mouse Anti-Human/Mouse  alpha ‑Fetoprotein/AFP Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB1368). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using the<br>12-230 kDa separation system.    Western  blot shows lysates of HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma parental cell line  and  alpha ‑Fetoprotein/AFP knockout HepG2 cell line (KO). PVDF membrane was probed  with 0.1 µg/mL of Mouse Anti-Human/Mouse  alpha ‑Fetoprotein/AFP  Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB1368) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Mouse  IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, Simple Western, CyTOF-ready

     7 Reviews

34 Publications
DKK300
 Kallikrein 3/PSA [HRP] Kallikrein 3/PSA [HRP]


Species Human

     1 Review

13 Publications
NBP2-29463
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: p21/CIP1/CDKN1A Antibody (WA-1 (HJ21)) [NBP2-29463] - Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human bladder carcinoma stained with p21 Monoclonal Antibody (WA-1).

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

13 Publications
NB120-2765
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Progesterone R/NR3C3 Antibody (Alpha PR6) [NB120-2765] - Staining of human uterus tissue.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

1 Publication
NB200-111
Western Blot: p14ARF/CDKN2A Antibody [NB200-111] - ARF expression levels in OCI/AML3 cells after proteasome treatment. This image was submitted via customer Review.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: p14ARF/CDKN2A Antibody [NB200-111] - p14ARF antibody was tested in HeLa cells with Dylight 488 (green). Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (blue). Tubulin was stained with alpha tubulin (red).

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

     2 Reviews

17 Publications
NBP2-57642
Western Blot: Adenine Nucleotide Translocator 2 Antibody [NBP2-57642] - Western blot analysis in human cell line RT-4 and human cell line U-251 MG.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Adenine Nucleotide Translocator 2 Antibody [NBP2-57642] - Staining of human duodenum shows strong granular cytoplasmic positivity in glandular cells.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

202-IL
1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human IL-2 was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 13 kDa.Recombinant Human IL-2 (Catalog # 202-IL) stimulates cell proliferation of the CTLL‑2 mouse cytotoxic T cell line. The ED<SUB>50</SUB> for this effect is 0.05-0.25 ng/mL.


Species Human

     20 Reviews

297 Publications
210-TA
1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human

     29 Reviews

638 Publications
236-EG
1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human EGF was resolved with SDS-PAGE  and visualized by silver staining under reducing (R) conditions, showing a single band at 6 kDa.Recombinant Human EGF (Catalog # 236‑EG) stimulates cell proliferation of the Balb/3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 20‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human

     18 Reviews

447 Publications
NBP2-34594
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: CEACAM5/CD66e Antibody (CEA31) - Azide and BSA Free [NBP2-34594] - Human Colon Carcinoma stained with CEACAM5/CD66e Antibody (CEA31).Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: CEACAM5/CD66e Antibody (CEA31) - Azide and BSA Free [NBP2-34594] - Human Colon Carcinoma stained with CEACAM5/CD66e Antibody (CEA31).

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Primate
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

     1 Review

NB500-106
Western Blot: PCNA Antibody (PC10) [NB500-106] - Whole cell protein from human HeLa, A431, mouse Neuro2A and rat PC12 cells was separated on a 4-20% gel by SDS-PAGE, transferred to 0.2 um PVDF membrane and blocked in 5% non-fat milk in TBST. The membrane was probed with 1.0 ug/mL anti-Histone h3 in block buffer and detected with an anti-mouse HRP secondary antibody using chemiluminescence.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: PCNA Antibody (PC10) [NB500-106] - HeLa cells were fixed and permeabilized for 10 minutes using cold (-20C) MeOH. The cells were incubated with anti-PCNA [PC10] at 5 ug/mL overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-mouse IgG Dylight 488 (Green) at a 1:500 dilution. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue). Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, ChIP

     4 Reviews

30 Publications
MAB44782
    Recombinant  Human CEACAM‑7 protein was serially diluted 2-fold and captured by  Mouse Anti-Human CEACAM‑7 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB44782)  coated on a Clear Polystyrene Microplate (Catalog # <a class=HEK293 human embryonic kidney cell line transfected with human CEACAM-7 and eGFP was stained with either (A) Mouse Anti-Human CEACAM‑7 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB44782) or (B) Mouse IgG1 Isotype Control(Catalog # <a class=

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications ELISA, Flow, IHC

NB100-56098
Western Blot: Bcl-2 Antibody [NB100-56098] - Analysis of Bcl-2 in whole cell lysate from Daoy cells. Cells were transfected with (1) scrambled control siRNA or (2) Bcl-2 siRNA. Image from verified customer review.Western Blot: Bcl-2 Antibody [NB100-56098] - Analysis of whole cell lysate (WCL) of Jurkat cells using anti-Bcl-2 antibody (NB100-56098) at 1:1000 dilution. HRP conjugated goat anti-rabbit IgG (H+L) cross adsorbed secondary antibody was used with ECL substrate for the detection of Bcl2 antibody bound to the blotted protein. This Bcl2 antibody detected a specific band at expected molecular weight marker position of Bcl2 protein (26kDa).

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

     2 Reviews

9 Publications
NBP2-61764
Western Blot: ER alpha/NR3A1 Antibody (6A6E8) [NBP2-61764] - Analysis using ESR1 mAb against HEK293 (1) and ESR1 (AA: 2-185)-hIgGFc transfected HEK293 (2) cell lysate.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: ER alpha/NR3A1 Antibody (6A6E8) [NBP2-61764] - Analysis of Hela cells using ESR1 mouse mAb (green). Blue: DRAQ5 fluorescent DNA dye. Red: Actin filaments have been labeled with Alexa Fluor- 555 phalloidin. Goat anti-Mouse IgG (H+L) DyLight 488 secondary antibody was used.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow


Alternate Names

Carcinoma is also known as carcinoma, epithelioma, epithelioma, malignant (morphologic abnormality), malignant epithelioma.