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Carcinoma: Disease Bioinformatics

As the most common cancer in humans, Carcinoma is a cancer that begins in the epithelial cells and spreads to the surrounding tissues and organs. Carcinomas make up a very broad category of cancers. Some of the most common types of carcinomas are basal and squamous cell carcinoma and invasive ductal carcinoma. Basal Cell Carcinoma, caused by UV exposure, is the most common form of skin cancer and very rarely metastasizes; therefore, it is not usually life threatening. Squamous cell carcinoma, also caused by a lifetime of UV exposure, is the second most common form of skin cancer and can be life threatening if it goes untreated. Invasive ductal carcinoma is the most common form of breast cancer that starts in the milk ducts and has spread to the surrounding tissue.

Carcinoma Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Carcinoma below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 5740 products for the study of Carcinoma that can be applied to Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP), Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Western Blot from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

NB300-560
Western Blot: ER alpha/NR3A1 Antibody (33) [NB300-560] - Analysis of recombinant ER alpha.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: ER alpha/NR3A1 Antibody (33) [NB300-560] - Human breast tissue (B) and magnified section (C) compared with an isotype control (A).

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-Fr

     1 Review

7 Publications
NB200-103
Western Blot: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - Analysis of p53 in MCF7 and HeLa lystates. Image courtesy of anonymous customer product review.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - PC12 cells were fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde for 10 minutes and permeabilized in 0.5% Triton X-100 in PBS for 5 minutes. The cells were incubated with anti-p53 Antibody (PAb 240) NB200-103 at 2 ug/ml overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-mouse Dylight 488 (Green) at a 1:1000 dilution for 60 minutes. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue).  Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

     3 Reviews

33 Publications
NB100-56098
Western Blot: Bcl-2 Antibody [NB100-56098] - Analysis of Bcl-2 in whole cell lysate from Daoy cells. Cells were transfected with (1) scrambled control siRNA or (2) Bcl-2 siRNA. Image from verified customer review.Western Blot: Bcl-2 Antibody [NB100-56098] - EA reduced MPP+-induced dopaminergic neuronal apoptosis by increasing BDNF (brain-derived neurotrophic factor) expression and further Akt phosphorylation in the rat substantia nigra. Eight days after MPP+ administration, our Western blot results (MAB7566) show that MPP+ treatment reduced tyrosine hydroxylase and Bcl-2 expression in the ipsilateral side of the rat substantia nigra (SN), but not in the contralateral side. EA stimulation (50 Hz) enhanced mature BDNF, tyrosine hydroxylase, and Bcl-2 expression in the MPP+-treated ipsilateral side. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/18/9/1846), licensed under a CC-BY licence.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

     2 Reviews

12 Publications
NBP2-29463
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: p21/CIP1/CDKN1A Antibody (WA-1) [NBP2-29463] - Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human bladder carcinoma stained with p21 Monoclonal Antibody (WA-1).

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

15 Publications
AF231
        EGFR  was detected in immersion fixed frozen sections of human skin using Goat Anti-Human EGFR Antigen  Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF231) at  1 µg/mL for 1 hour at room temperature followed by  incubation with the Anti-Goat IgG VisUCyte™ HRP Polymer Antibody  (Catalog # <a class=    EGFR  was detected in immersion fixed A431 human epithelial carcinoma cell line  using Goat Anti-Human EGFR Antigen Affinity-purified  Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF231) at 1 µg/mL for 3  hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the  NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody  (red; Catalog # <a class=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Flow, IHC

     1 Review

8 Publications
MAB1368
Simple Western lane view shows lysates of HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, loaded at 0.2 mg/mL. A specific band was detected for  alpha ‑Fetoprotein/AFP at approximately 70 kDa (as indicated) using 5 µg/mL of Mouse Anti-Human/Mouse  alpha ‑Fetoprotein/AFP Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB1368). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using the<br>12-230 kDa separation system.    Western  blot shows lysates of HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma parental cell line  and  alpha ‑Fetoprotein/AFP knockout HepG2 cell line (KO). PVDF membrane was probed  with 0.1 µg/mL of Mouse Anti-Human/Mouse  alpha ‑Fetoprotein/AFP  Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB1368) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Mouse  IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, Simple Western, CyTOF-ready

     10 Reviews

47 Publications
DKK300
 Kallikrein 3/PSA [HRP] Kallikrein 3/PSA [HRP]


Species Human
Applications ELISA

     1 Review

13 Publications
DVE00
 VEGF [HRP] VEGF [HRP]


Species Human
Applications ELISA

     26 Reviews

556 Publications
210-TA
1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     36 Reviews

677 Publications
1129-ER
1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human ErbB2 Fc Chimera was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing major bands at 125-130 kDa and  220-250 kDa, respectively.


Species Human
Applications BA

     10 Reviews

48 Publications
202-IL
1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human IL-2 was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 13 kDa.Recombinant Human IL-2 (Catalog # 202-IL) stimulates cell proliferation of the CTLL‑2 mouse cytotoxic T cell line. The ED<SUB>50</SUB> for this effect is 0.05-0.25 ng/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     26 Reviews

324 Publications
236-EG
1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human EGF was resolved with SDS-PAGE  and visualized by silver staining under reducing (R) conditions, showing a single band at 6 kDa.Recombinant Human EGF (Catalog # 236‑EG) stimulates cell proliferation of the Balb/3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 20‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     24 Reviews

537 Publications
NB500-106
Simple Western: PCNA Antibody (PC10) [NB500-106] - Image shows a specific band for PCNA in 0.5 mg/mL of HeLa lysate. This experiment was performed under reducing conditions using the 12-230 kDa separation system.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: PCNA Antibody (PC10) [NB500-106] - NIH3T3 cells were fixed and permeabilized for 10 minutes using -20C MeOH. The cells were incubated with anti-PCNA Antibody (PC10) NB500-106 at 1 ug/ml overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-mouse Dylight 488 (Green) at a 1:1000 dilution for 60 minutes. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue).  Cells were imaged using a 100X objective and digitally deconvolved.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, ChIP

     5 Reviews

36 Publications
NB200-111
Knockdown Validated: p14ARF/CDKN2A Antibody [NB200-111] - Inhibition of AKT decreases p53mut stability. T24 cells were transfected with non-targeting control, AKT1, or p14ARF siRNA. Cells were treated with NCS348884 (4 i1/4M), Nutlin3A (5 i1/4M) or DMSO as indicated. Whole cell lysates were probed with the indicated antibodies. Image collected and cropped by Citeab from the following publication (AKT regulates NPM dependent ARF localization and p53mut stability in tumors. <i>Oncotarget</i> (2014))  licensed under a CC-BY licence.Immunohistochemistry: p14ARF/CDKN2A Antibody [NB200-111] - Inhibition of AKT modulates p53 stability in-vivo and synergizes with ionizing radiation to inhibit tumor growth( Sections of PSN1 xenografts treated with three consecutive doses of MK-2206 (60 mg/kg). Sections of PSN1 xenografts and in-vitro PSN1 cells fixed and stained with anti-NPM (red) and anti-p14ARF (green). Image collected and cropped by Citeab from the following publication (AKT regulates NPM dependent ARF localization and p53mut stability in tumors. Oncotarget (2014))  licensed under a CC-BY licence.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

     2 Reviews

17 Publications
MAB44782
    Recombinant  Human CEACAM‑7 protein was serially diluted 2-fold and captured by  Mouse Anti-Human CEACAM‑7 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB44782)  coated on a Clear Polystyrene Microplate (Catalog # <a class=HEK293 human embryonic kidney cell line transfected with human CEACAM-7 and eGFP was stained with either (A) Mouse Anti-Human CEACAM‑7 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB44782) or (B) Mouse IgG1 Isotype Control(Catalog # <a class=

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications ELISA, Flow, IHC

NBP2-92630
Western Blot: Adenine Nucleotide Translocator 2 Antibody [NBP2-92630] - Analysis of extracts of various cell lines, using Adenine Nucleotide Translocator 2 at 1:1000 dilution. Secondary antibody: HRP Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG (H+L) at 1:10000 dilution. Lysates/proteins: 25ug per lane. Blocking buffer: 3% nonfat dry milk in TBST. Detection: ECL Basic Kit . Exposure time: 60s.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Adenine Nucleotide Translocator 2 Antibody [NBP2-92630] - Analysis of HeLa cells using Adenine Nucleotide Translocator 2 . Blue: DAPI for nuclear staining.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

NBP2-34594
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: CEACAM5/CD66e Antibody (CEA31) - Azide and BSA Free [NBP2-34594] - Human Colon Carcinoma stained with CEACAM5/CD66e Antibody (CEA31).Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: CEACAM5/CD66e Antibody (CEA31) - Azide and BSA Free [NBP2-34594] - Human Colon Carcinoma stained with CEACAM5/CD66e Antibody (CEA31).

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Monkey
Applications Flow, ICC/IF, IHC

     1 Review

NB120-2765
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Progesterone R/NR3C3 Antibody (Alpha PR6) [NB120-2765] - Staining of human uterus tissue.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

1 Publication

Alternate Names

Carcinoma is also known as carcinoma, epithelioma, epithelioma, malignant (morphologic abnormality), malignant epithelioma.