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Carcinoma: Disease Bioinformatics

As the most common cancer in humans, Carcinoma is a cancer that begins in the epithelial cells and spreads to the surrounding tissues and organs. Carcinomas make up a very broad category of cancers. Some of the most common types of carcinomas are basal and squamous cell carcinoma and invasive ductal carcinoma. Basal Cell Carcinoma, caused by UV exposure, is the most common form of skin cancer and very rarely metastasizes; therefore, it is not usually life threatening. Squamous cell carcinoma, also caused by a lifetime of UV exposure, is the second most common form of skin cancer and can be life threatening if it goes untreated. Invasive ductal carcinoma is the most common form of breast cancer that starts in the milk ducts and has spread to the surrounding tissue.

Carcinoma Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Carcinoma below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 4210 products for the study of Carcinoma that can be applied to Western Blot, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP) from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

NB200-103
Western Blot: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - Analysis of p53 in MCF7 and HeLa lystates. Image courtesy of anonymous customer product review.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: p53 Antibody (PAb 240) [NB200-103] - HeLa cells were fixed for 10 minutes using 10% formalin and then permeabilized for 5 minutes using 1X TBS + 0.5% Triton X-100. The cells were incubated with anti-p53 (PAb 240) [NB200-103] at a 1:200 dilution overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-mouse DyLight 488 (Green) at a 1:500 dilution. Actin was detected with Phalloidin 568 (Red) at a 1:200 dilution. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue). Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

     3 Reviews

22 Publications
AF231
    Western  blot shows lysates of HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line and  MDA‑MB‑231 human breast cancer cell line. PVDF membrane  was probed with 1 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human EGFR  Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF231) followed by  HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=    A431  human epithelial carcinoma cell line was stained with Goat Anti-Human  EGFR Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog #  AF231, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # <a class=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Flow, IHC

     1 Review

7 Publications
1129-ER
1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human ErbB2 Fc Chimera was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing major bands at 125-130 kDa and  220-250 kDa, respectively.Recombinant Human ErbB2/Her2 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 1129-ER) blocks anti-ErbB2 mediated inhibition of the SK‑BR‑3 human breast cancer cell line. The ED<SUB>50</SUB> is 20-80 ng/mL in the presence of 0.6 μg/mL Goat Anti-Human ErbB2/Her2 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=


Species Human

     6 Reviews

28 Publications
MAB1368
    HepG2  human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line was stained with Mouse  Anti-Human/Mouse  alpha ‑Fetoprotein/AFP Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog #  MAB1368, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog #  <a class=    Western  blot shows lysates of HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line. PVDF  membrane was probed with 0.5 µg/mL of Mouse Anti-Human/Mouse<br> alpha ‑Fetoprotein/AFP Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB1368) followed  by HRP-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, Simple Western, CyTOF-ready

     6 Reviews

23 Publications
NBP2-29463
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: p21/CIP1/CDKN1A Antibody (WA-1 (HJ21)) [NBP2-29463] - Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human bladder carcinoma stained with p21 Monoclonal Antibody (WA-1).

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

11 Publications
AF5415
Western blot shows lysates of T47D human breast cancer cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Sheep Anti-Human Progesterone R/NR3C3 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF5415) followed by HRP‑conjugated Anti-Sheep IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=    Progesterone R/NR3C3  was detected in immersion fixed T47D human breast cancer cell line using  Sheep Anti-Human Progesterone R/NR3C3 Antigen Affinity-purified  Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF5415) at 1.7 µg/mL for 3  hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the  NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Sheep IgG Secondary Antibody  (red; Catalog # <a class=

Sheep Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC, ICC

1 Publication
NB200-111
Western Blot: p14ARF/CDKN2A Antibody [NB200-111] - ARF expression levels in OCI/AML3 cells after proteasome treatment. This image was submitted via customer Review.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: p14ARF/CDKN2A Antibody [NB200-111] - p14ARF antibody was tested in HeLa cells with Dylight 488 (green). Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (blue). Tubulin was stained with alpha tubulin (red).

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

     2 Reviews

17 Publications
NBP2-57642
Western Blot: Adenine Nucleotide Translocator 2 Antibody [NBP2-57642] - Western blot analysis in human cell line RT-4 and human cell line U-251 MG.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Adenine Nucleotide Translocator 2 Antibody [NBP2-57642] - Immunohistochemical staining of human heart muscle shows strong cytoplasmic positivity in myocytes.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

202-IL
Recombinant Human IL-2 (Catalog # 202-IL) stimulates cell proliferation of the CTLL‑2 mouse cytotoxic T cell line. The ED<SUB>50</SUB> for this effect is 0.05-0.25 ng/mL.1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human IL-2 was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 13 kDa.


Species Human

     13 Reviews

244 Publications
210-TA
Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.


Species Human

     21 Reviews

527 Publications
236-EG
Recombinant Human EGF (Catalog # 236‑EG) stimulates cell proliferation of the Balb/3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 20‑100 pg/mL.1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human EGF was resolved with SDS-PAGE  and visualized by silver staining under reducing (R) conditions, showing a single band at 6 kDa.


Species Human

     11 Reviews

328 Publications
MAB41281
        CEACAM‑5/CD66e  was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human colon  using Mouse Anti-Human CEACAM‑5/CD66e Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog  # MAB41281) at 10 µg/mL for 1 hour at room temperature followed  by incubation with the Anti-Mouse IgG VisUCyte™  HRP Polymer Antibody (Catalog #  <a class=HEK293 human embryonic kidney cell line transfected with either (A) human CEACAM-5/CD66e or (B) human<br>CEACAM-8/CD66b and eGFP was stained with Mouse Anti-Human CEACAM‑5/CD66e Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB41281) followed by Allophycocyanin-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Flow, IHC

     2 Reviews

NB500-106
Western Blot: PCNA Antibody (PC10) [NB500-106] - Whole cell protein from human HeLa, A431, mouse Neuro2A and rat PC12 cells was separated on a 4-20% gel by SDS-PAGE, transferred to 0.2 um PVDF membrane and blocked in 5% non-fat milk in TBST. The membrane was probed with 1.0 ug/mL anti-Histone h3 in block buffer and detected with an anti-mouse HRP secondary antibody using chemiluminescence.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: PCNA Antibody (PC10) [NB500-106] - HeLa cells were fixed and permeabilized for 10 minutes using cold (-20C) MeOH. The cells were incubated with anti-PCNA [PC10] at 5 ug/mL overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-mouse IgG Dylight 488 (Green) at a 1:500 dilution. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue). Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, ChIP

     4 Reviews

25 Publications
MAB44782
    Recombinant  Human CEACAM‑7 protein was serially diluted 2-fold and captured by  Mouse Anti-Human CEACAM‑7 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB44782)  coated on a Clear Polystyrene Microplate (Catalog # <a class=HEK293 human embryonic kidney cell line transfected with human CEACAM-7 and eGFP was stained with either (A) Mouse Anti-Human CEACAM‑7 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB44782) or (B) Mouse IgG1 Isotype Control(Catalog # <a class=

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications ELISA, Flow, IHC

NB100-56098
Western Blot: Bcl-2 Antibody [NB100-56098] - Analysis of Bcl-2 in whole cell lysate from Daoy cells. Cells were transfected with (1) scrambled control siRNA or (2) Bcl-2 siRNA. Image from verified customer review.Western Blot: Bcl-2 Antibody [NB100-56098] - Analysis of whole cell lysate (WCL) of Jurkat cells using anti-Bcl-2 antibody (NB100-56098) at 1:1000 dilution. HRP conjugated goat anti-rabbit IgG (H+L) cross adsorbed secondary antibody was used with ECL substrate for the detection of Bcl2 antibody bound to the blotted protein. This Bcl2 antibody detected a specific band at expected molecular weight marker position of Bcl2 protein (26kDa).

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Canine
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

     2 Reviews

7 Publications
NB300-560
Western Blot: ER alpha/NR3A1 Antibody (33) [NB300-560] - Analysis of recombinant ER alpha.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: ER alpha/NR3A1 Antibody (33) [NB300-560] - Human breast tissue (B) and magnified section (C) compared with an isotype control (A).

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-Fr

2 Publications

Alternate Names

Carcinoma is also known as carcinoma, epithelioma, epithelioma, malignant (morphologic abnormality), malignant epithelioma.