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Brain Injuries: Disease Bioinformatics

Brain injuries, otherwise known as traumatic brain injuries, occur as a result of physical damage to the brain. This damage can be due to a force to either the head or the body that causes the brain to bump into the skull, or when an object pierces the skull and enters the brain tissue. Brain injuries can lead to a number of side effects, depending on the location and severity of the injury. Some of these effects include a loss of consciousness, dizziness, nausea, and behavioral and mood changes. Certain brain injuries can lead to permanent brain damage, and in some cases, death. Treatment of brain injuries depends on the individual, but many doctors focus on stabilizing the patient and ensuring no further damage by providing an adequate oxygen and blood supply to the tissues. Surgery may be required to repair hematomas or contusions, but often the tissue damage that occurs as the result of a brain injury is permanent.

Brain Injuries Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Brain Injuries below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 1939 products for the study of Brain Injuries that can be applied to Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Western Blot, Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

210-TA
Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.


Species Human

     19 Reviews

506 Publications
NB300-141
Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: GFAP Antibody [NB300-141] - ICC-IF analysis of mixed neuron-glial cultures using GFAP antibody NB300-141 (red) and Vimentin antibody NB300-223 (green). The fibroblastic cells contain only Vimentin and so are green.  The astrocytes contain either Vimentin and GFAP (appearing golden) or predominantly GFAP (appearing red). Blue is nuclear DNA stain.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: GFAP Antibody [NB300-141] - Rat neurons stained with Neurofilament Heavy antibody NB300-217 (red) and GFAP antibody NB300-141 (green).

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, ICC/IF

     4 Reviews

32 Publications
215-GM/CF
1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human GM-CSF was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 14 kDa.Recombinant Human GM-CSF (Catalog # 215-IL/CF) stimulates cell proliferation of the TF-1 human erythroleukemic cell line. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 6-30 pg/mL.


Species Human

205 Publications
NBP2-42388
Western Blot: LAMC2 Antibody (CL2980) [NBP2-42388] - Analysis in A-431 cells transfected with control siRNA, target specific siRNA probe #1 and #2, using Anti-LAMC2 antibody. Remaining relative intensity is presented. Loading control: Anti-GAPDH.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: LAMC2 Antibody (CL2980) [NBP2-42388] - Staining in human fallopian tube and liver tissues. Corresponding LAMC2 RNA-seq data are presented for the same tissues.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

NBP1-88191
Western Blot: Carbonic Anhydrase I/CA1 Antibody [NBP1-88191] - Analysis in human cell line HELA.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Carbonic Anhydrase I/CA1 Antibody [NBP1-88191] - Staining in human rectum and pancreas tissues using anti-CA1 antibody. Corresponding CA1 RNA-seq data are presented for the same tissues.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

NB100-56708
Western Blot: Caspase-3 Antibody (31A1067) - (Pro and Active) [NB100-56708] - Analysis using the Azide Free version of NB100-56708. Detection of Caspase-3 activation in HeLa cells. Cells were treated with 2mM staurosporine for different time periods. Caspase-3 activation is determined by cleavage of procaspase-3.Western Blot: Caspase-3 Antibody (31A1067) - (Pro and Active) [NB100-56708] - Western Blot Image of anti-Caspase 3 (31A1067).  Whole cell protein from Jurkat cells treated with and without 2 uM staurosporine as indicated was separated on a 4-15% gel by SDS-PAGE, transferred to 0.2 um PVDF membrane and blocked in 5% non-fat milk in TBST.  The membrane was probed with 5 ug/ml anti-Caspase 3 in 1% milk, and detected with an anti-mouse HRP secondary antibody using a Femto sensitivity chemiluminescence reagent.  Note the detection of both pro-caspase 3 at 35 kDa and the cleaved active caspase 3 at 15-17 kDa.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, EM

     1 Review

113 Publications
248-BD
1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human BDNF was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 13 kDa.Recombinant Human BDNF (Catalog #<br>248‑BD) stimulates cell proliferation in the BaF mouse pro-B cell line transfected with TrkB. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 0.2-2 ng/mL.


Species Human, Mouse, Rat

     6 Reviews

98 Publications
NB300-605
Western Blot: iNOS Antibody [NB300-605] - Analysis of iNOS was performed by loading 20ug of RAW264 whole cell lysate untreated (left lane) or stimulated with LPS at 1ug/mL for 16 hours (right lane) and 10ul of PageRuler Plus Prestained Protein Ladder onto a 4-20% Tris-Glycine polyacrylamide gel. Proteins were transferred to a nitrocellulose membrane and blocked with 5% Milk in TBST for at least 1 hour. The membrane was probed with an iNOS Rabbit polyclonal antibody at a dilution of 1:1000 overnight at 4C on a rocking platform, washed in TBST, and probed with a Goat anti-Rabbit IgG (H+L) Secondary Antibody, HRP conjugate at a dilution of 1:1000 for 1 hour. Chemiluminescent detection was performed using SuperSignal West Pico.Western Blot: iNOS Antibody [NB300-605] - iNOS in stimulated astrocytes. Image from verified customer review.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

     2 Reviews

27 Publications
NB110-58870
Western Blot: Enolase 2/Neuron-specific Enolase Antibody [NB110-58870] - Analysis of different tissue and cell lysates using rabbit pAb to neuron specific enolase (NSE), NB110-58870, dilution 1:5,000 in green: [1] protein standard (red), [2] rat brain, [3] rat spinal cord, [4] mouse brain, [5] mouse spinal cord, [6] NIH-3T3, [7] HEK293, [8] HeLa, [9] SH-SY5Y, and [10] C6 cells. A single band at about 47kDa corresponds to the NSE protein, seen only in extracts containing neurons ro neuronal lineage cells.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Enolase 2/Neuron-specific Enolase Antibody [NB110-58870] - Analysis of mixed cortical neuron-glial cell culture from E20 rat stained with rabbit pAb to neuron specific enolase (NSE), NB110-58870, dilution 1:500 in red, and costained with chicken pAb to GFAP, dilution 1:5,000 in green. The blue is Hoechst staining of nuclear DNA. the NSE antibody labels protein expressed in neuronal cells, while the GFAP antibody stains intermediate filaments in astrocytic and certain other glial cells.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, ICC/IF

     2 Reviews

1 Publication
NBP2-59320
Western Blot: SUR1 Antibody (S289-16) [NBP2-59320] - Analysis of Rat Brain Membrane showing detection of ~160 kDa SUR1 protein using Mouse Anti-SUR1 Monoclonal Antibody, Clone S289-16.  Lane 1: Molecular Weight Ladder. Lane 2: Rat Brain Membrane. Load: 15 ug. Block: 2% BSA and 2% Skim Milk in 1X TBST. Primary Antibody: Mouse Anti-SUR1 Monoclonal Antibody at 1:200 for 16 hours at 4 degrees C. Secondary Antibody: Goat Anti-Mouse IgG: HRP at 1:1000 for 1 hour RT. Color Development: ECL solution for 6 min in RT. Predicted/Observed Size: ~160 kDa.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: SUR1 Antibody (S289-16) [NBP2-59320] - Analysis using Mouse Anti-SUR1 Monoclonal Antibody, Clone S289-16.  Tissue: Neuroblastoma cell line SK-N-BE. Species: Human. Fixation: 4% Formaldehyde for 15 min at RT. Primary Antibody: Mouse Anti-SUR1 Monoclonal Antibody at 1:100 for 60 min at RT. Secondary Antibody: Goat Anti-Mouse ATTO 488 at 1:100 for 60 min at RT. Counterstain: Phalloidin Texas Red F-Actin stain; DAPI (blue) nuclear stain at 1:1000, 1:5000 for 60min RT, 5min RT. Localization: Cytoplasm, Nucleus. Magnification: 60X. (A) DAPI (blue) nuclear stain (B) Phalloidin Texas Red F-Actin stain (C) SUR1 Antibody (D) Composite.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

     1 Review

NBP1-89165
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: AKAP4 Antibody [NBP1-89165] - Staining of human testis shows high expression.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: AKAP4 Antibody [NBP1-89165] - Staining of human endometrium shows low expression as expected.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications IHC, IHC-P

1 Publication
NBP1-88227
Western Blot: Carbonic Anhydrase III/CA3 Antibody [NBP1-88227] - Analysis in human cell line RT-4, human cell line U-251 MG, human plasma, human liver tissue and human tonsil tissue.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Carbonic Anhydrase III/CA3 Antibody [NBP1-88227] - Staining in human skeletal muscle and heart muscle tissues using anti-CA3 antibody. Corresponding CA3 RNA-seq data are presented for the same tissues.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

1 Publication
NBP2-24916
Western Blot: Catalase Antibody [NBP2-24916] - Analysis in liver lysate of 1) human 2) mouse and 3) rat at 0.1 ug/ml.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Catalase Antibody [NBP2-24916] - Staining of human liver tissue using an isotype control (top) and this antibody (bottom) at 5 ug/ml.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

     1 Review

4 Publications
NBP2-45224
Western Blot: S100B Antibody (15F4NB) [NBP2-45224] - Total protein from human brain (lane 1) and mouse brain (lane 2) was separated on a 4-15% gel by SDS-PAGE, transferred to 0.2 um PVDF membrane for 30 minutes and blocked in 5% non-fat milk in TBST. The membrane was probed with 2 ug/ml anti-S100B in 1% milk and detected with an anti-mouse HRP secondary antibody using chemiluminescence.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: S100B Antibody (15F4NB) [NBP2-45224] - A431 cells were fixed for 10 minutes using 10% formalin and then permeabilized for 5 minutes using 1X TBS + 0.5% Triton-X100. The cells were incubated with S100B (15F4NB) at a 1:100 dilution overnight at 4 degrees Celsius and detected with Dylight 488 (Green) at a 1:500 dilution. Actin was detected with Phalloidin 568 (Red) at a 1:200 dilution. Nuclei were detected with DAPI (Blue) at 2.0 ug/ml in 1X PBS. Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

     1 Review

1 Publication
H00002729-M01
Western Blot: GCLC Antibody (3H1) [H00002729-M01] - GCLC monoclonal antibody (M01), clone 3H1. Analysis of GCLC expression in NIH/3T3.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: GCLC Antibody (3H1) [H00002729-M01] - Analysis of monoclonal antibody to GCLC on HeLa cell. Antibody concentration 10 ug/ml.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, ICC/IF

9 Publications
H00007357-M03
Western Blot: UGCG Antibody (1E5) [H00007357-M03] - Analysis of UGCG expression in HL-60.Western Blot: UGCG Antibody (1E5) [H00007357-M03] - Detection of UGCG in HT29 human colon carcinoma cells. Image provided courtesy of Dr. James Madigan.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ELISA

     1 Review

3 Publications
NB600-41532
Western Blot: Albumin Antibody [NB600-41532] - Analysis using the HRP conjugate of NB600-41532. Detection of Albumin in whole mouse liver extracts. Image courtesy of anonymous customer product review.

Goat Polyclonal
Species Mouse
Applications WB, ELISA, ICC/IF

38 Publications