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Autoimmune Reaction: Disease Bioinformatics

An autoimmune reaction occurs when the body mistakenly signals antibodies and immune cells to attack the body's own healthy tissues. This is the cause of many autoimmune diseases. To treat autoimmune reactions, therapies should focus on suppressing the immune system to allow for tissues and cells to recover from the damage created by the immune system. Anyone is at risk for developing an autoimmune disorder but individuals who have a family history or are exposed to certain environmental stimuli may perhaps make obtain greater chances of developing an autoimmune disorder.

Autoimmune Reaction Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Autoimmune Reaction below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 5885 products for the study of Autoimmune Reaction that can be applied to Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP), Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Western Blot from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

NB100-524
Western Blot: NOD2 Antibody (2D9) [NB100-524] - HCMV infection induces NOD2 mRNA and protein in HFFs and U373 cells. E. U373 glioma cells were infected with HCMV Towne strain and levels of NOD1, NOD2 and GAPDH mRNAs were measured by qRT-PCR at indicated time points. F. HFFs were infected with HCMV (Towne) at MOI of 1 PFU/cell and levels of NOD2 protein and B-actin were determined 48 and 72 hpi. G. HFFs were infected with HCMV (Towne) strain at MOI of 0.03 or 3 PFU/cell and levels of NOD2 protein and B-actin were determined at 48 hpi. Quantitative data represent mean values (+/-SD) of triplicate determinations from three independent experiments (*p<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001, one-way ANOVA test). Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (//doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092704.g001) licensed under a CC-BY licence.Western Blot: NOD2 Antibody (2D9) [NB100-524] - Total protein from human THP1 and US-OS cells and mouse Raw264.7 cells was separated on a 7.5% gel by SDS-PAGE, transferred to PVDF membrane and blocked in 5% non-fat milk in TBST. The membrane was probed with 2.0 ug/ml anti-NOD2 in 1% non-fat milk in TBST and detected with an anti-mouse HRP secondary antibody using chemiluminescence.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

     1 Review

23 Publications
NB100-39002
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: FoxP3 Antibody [NB100-39002] - Mouse spleen stained with FoxP3 antibody. IHC-P image submitted by a verified customer review.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: FoxP3 Antibody [NB100-39002] - Number of Granzyme B+ and FoxP3+ cells infiltrating tumors. Representative images of IHC staining of FoxP3+ and Granzyme B+ cells in the peri-tumoral areas in two mice characterized by low FoxP3+ and high Granzyme B+ (panels 1 and 2) or high FoxP3+ and low Granzyme B+ (panels 3 and 4). Image collected and cropped by Citeab from the following publication (Inhibition of tumor growth by cancer vaccine combined with metronomic chemotherapy and anti-PD-1 in a pre-clinical setting. Oncotarget (2018) licensed under a CC-BY licence.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, IB

     2 Reviews

28 Publications
NBP1-49045
Flow Cytometry: CD8 Antibody (53-6.7) [NBP1-49045] - CD8 alpha Antibody (53-6.7) [NBP1-49045] - Analysis of lymph nodes by multiple staining.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: CD8 Antibody (53-6.7) [NBP1-49045] - CD8 alpha Antibody (53-6.7) [NBP1-49045] - CD8 alpha expression in mouse spleen tissue using anti-CD8 alpha antibody. Image from verified customer review.

Rat Monoclonal
Species Mouse, Rat
Applications Flow, ICC/IF, IHC

     3 Reviews

17 Publications
NB120-6405
Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: MHC Class I Antibody (OX18) [NB120-6405] - Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) I and II as well as Transporter associated with antigen presentation II (TAPII) were analyzed, using immunocytochemistry on rat Schwann cells (SCs). Corresponding merges are shown in the bottom rows. Treatment of SCs with IL-17 was performed at concentrations of 0.5 and 50 ng/mL. Graphs to the right show densitometry quantification. SCs showed expression of MHCI > TAPII > MHCII, which increased after IL-17 treatment. MHCI was mainly detected in the cytoplasm and the expression increased in a dose-dependent manner after IL-17 treatment, significant for 0.5 ng/mL and 50 ng/mL (**P <=0.01). Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (http://jneuroinflammation.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1742-2094-11-63), licensed under a CC-BY licence.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: MHC Class I Antibody (OX18) [NB120-6405] - Analysis of FFPE rat brain cerebellum using MHC Class I (OK18) antibody at 1:200 on a Bond Rx autostainer (Leica Biosystems). The assay involved 20 minutes of heat induced antigen retrieval (HIER) using 10mM sodium citrate buffer (pH 6.0) and endogenous peroxidase quenching with peroxide block. The sections were incubated with primary antibody for 30 minutes and Bond Polymer Refine Detection (Leica Biosystems) with DAB was used for signal development followed by counterstaining with hematoxylin. Whole slide scanning and capturing of representative images was performed using Aperio AT2 (Leica Biosystems). Endothelial staining was observed. Staining was performed by Histowiz.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Rat
Applications EM, ELISA, Flow

32 Publications
NBP1-90044
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: ATN1 Antibody [NBP1-90044] - Analysis in human cerebral cortex and liver tissues. Corresponding ATN1 RNA-seq data are presented for the same tissues.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: ATN1 Antibody [NBP1-90044] - Staining of human cell line U-251 MG shows localization to nucleoplasm. Antibody staining is shown in green.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

1 Publication
MAB1417
Insulin was detected in immersion fixed  beta TC‑6 mouse beta cell insulinoma cell line using Human/Mouse/Bovine Insulin Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB1417) at 10 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Rat IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Rat Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Bovine
Applications IHC, CyTOF-ready, ICC

11 Publications
7268-CT
Recombinant Human CTLA-4 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 7268-CT) inhibits IL-2 secretion by stimulated Jurkat human acute Tcell leukemia cells. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 0.03-0.15 μg/mL whenstimulated with 1 μg/mL Recombinant Human B7‑1/CD80 Fc Chimera (Catalog # <a class=


Species Human
Applications BA

     3 Reviews

2 Publications
6507-IL/CF
Measured in a cell proliferation assay using TF‑1 human erythroleukemic cells. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 0.05-0.2 ng/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

3 Publications
DFS00
 Fas/TNFRSF6/CD95 [HRP] Fas/TNFRSF6/CD95 [HRP]


Species Human
Applications ELISA

     1 Review

17 Publications
D6050
 IL-6 [HRP] IL-6 [HRP]


Species Human
Applications ELISA

     32 Reviews

555 Publications
285-IF
Recombinant Human IFN-gamma  (Catalog # 285‑IF) demonstrates anti-viral activity in HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cells infected with encephalomyocarditis (EMC) virus. The activity is over 2-fold greater than the top competitor's IFN-gamma .1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human IFN-gamma  was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 17 kDa.


Species Human
Applications BA

     21 Reviews

364 Publications
210-TA
1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     36 Reviews

683 Publications
202-IL
1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human IL-2 was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 13 kDa.Recombinant Human IL-2 (Catalog # 202-IL) stimulates cell proliferation of the CTLL‑2 mouse cytotoxic T cell line. The ED<SUB>50</SUB> for this effect is 0.05-0.25 ng/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     26 Reviews

326 Publications
DY421
 IL-17/IL-17A [Biotin]


Species Mouse
Applications ELISA

     11 Reviews

162 Publications
DY417
 IL-10 [Biotin]


Species Mouse
Applications ELISA

     9 Reviews

223 Publications
NBP2-34294
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Thyroglobulin Antibody (2H11 + 6E1) [NBP2-34294] - Mouse thyroid tissue section stained with Thyroglobulin Antibody (2H11 + 6E1). IHC-P image submitted by a verified customer review.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Thyroglobulin Antibody (2H11 + 6E1) [NBP2-34294] - Analysis using Azide/BSA FREE version of NBP2-34294. Human Thyroid stained with Thyroglobulin Ab (2H11 + 6E1).

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications Flow, IHC, IHC-P

     3 Reviews

1 Publication
NBP1-19371
Immunohistochemistry: CD4 Antibody [NBP1-19371] - Increased CD3+ and CD4+ T-cell occurrence in the brainstem of SHR-72 transgenic rat model for tauopathies. (A-D) Immunofluorescence staining showed CD4+ T-cells in SHR-72 transgenic animals. (E- H) Immunofluorescence staining showed more perivascular than brain parenchyma infiltrating CD4+ T-cells in SHR-72 transgenic animals. PLoS One. 2019 May 23;14(5):e0217216. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0217216.Immunohistochemistry: CD4 Antibody [NBP1-19371] - DBZ inhibits the accumulation of CD4+ T cells and Th2 differentiation in the AAAs. (B) The representation of immunohistochemical staining for CD4+ in abdominal aorta from four groups (left). Bar graphs show the percentage of CD4+ positive cell areas (right; n=3 per group). Bar: 50 um.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, Flow

     9 Reviews

35 Publications
NB600-717
Western Blot: MBP Antibody (12) [NB600-717] - Mouse Brain Tissue lysate probed with Rat anti MBP.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: MBP Antibody (12) [NB600-717] - Histological and mRNA analysis of the inflammatory cytokines in the vehicle- or etifoxine-treated mice at onset of clinical symptoms. At day 10 p.i., drug treated animals showed significant differences in MBP staining. Animals treated with etifoxine showed an increase in retention of percentage of MBP coverage (*p = 0.001).  Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (http://embomolmed.embopress.org/cgi/doi/10.1002/emmm.201202124), licensed under a CC-BY licence.

Rat Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, ICC/IF

     3 Reviews

23 Publications
H00004340-B01P
Western Blot: MOG Antibody [H00004340-B01P] - Analysis of MOG expression in rat brain.Western Blot: MOG Antibody [H00004340-B01P] - Analysis of MOG expression in transfected 293T cell line by MOG polyclonal antibody.  Lane 1: MOG transfected lysate(32.56 KDa). Lane 2: Non-transfected lysate.

Mouse Polyclonal
Species Human, Rat
Applications WB

     1 Review

NBP2-79843
Western Blot: HLA DQ/DR/DP Antibody (HLA-Pan/2967R) - Azide and BSA Free [NBP2-79843] - Western Blot Analysis of Ramos cell lysate using HLA DQ/DR/DP Antibody (HLA-Pan/2967R).Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: HLA DQ/DR/DP Antibody (HLA-Pan/2967R) - Azide and BSA Free [NBP2-79843] - Immunofluorescence staining of PFA-fixed Ramos cells. HLA DQ/DR/DP Recombinant Rabbit Monoclonal Antibody (HLA DQ/DR/DP/2967R) followed by goat anti-rabbit IgG-CF488 (green). Nuclei stained with RedDot.

Rabbit Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow