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Autoimmune Reaction: Disease Bioinformatics

An autoimmune reaction occurs when the body mistakenly signals antibodies and immune cells to attack the body's own healthy tissues. This is the cause of many autoimmune diseases. To treat autoimmune reactions, therapies should focus on suppressing the immune system to allow for tissues and cells to recover from the damage created by the immune system. Anyone is at risk for developing an autoimmune disorder but individuals who have a family history or are exposed to certain environmental stimuli may perhaps make obtain greater chances of developing an autoimmune disorder.

Top Research Reagents

We have 7921 products for the study of Autoimmune Reaction that can be applied to Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP), Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/ Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Western Blot from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

NB120-13550
Western Blot: Fas Receptor/TNFRSF6/CD95 Antibody [NB120-13550] - Fas/TNFRSF6/CD95 Antibody [NB120-13550] -  Lane 1: Rat Brain Tissue Extract. Lane 2: Mouse Brain Tissue Extract.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Fas Receptor/TNFRSF6/CD95 Antibody [NB120-13550] - Representative IF of cerebellar sections at P10 using an anti-CD95/Fas antibody (green), an anti-calbindin antibody (red) to highlight Purkinje cells. For IF, Hoechst dye (blue) was used to mark nuclei. Scale bar 50 um. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (jneuroinflammation.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12974-017-0838-1), licensed under a CC-BY license

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

     1 Review

4 Publications
NB100-524
Western Blot: NOD2 Antibody (2D9) [NB100-524] - HCMV infection induces NOD2 mRNA and protein in HFFs and U373 cells. E. U373 glioma cells were infected with HCMV Towne strain and levels of NOD1, NOD2 and GAPDH mRNAs were measured by qRT-PCR at indicated time points. F. HFFs were infected with HCMV (Towne) at MOI of 1 PFU/cell and levels of NOD2 protein and B-actin were determined 48 and 72 hpi. G. HFFs were infected with HCMV (Towne) strain at MOI of 0.03 or 3 PFU/cell and levels of NOD2 protein and B-actin were determined at 48 hpi. Quantitative data represent mean values (+/-SD) of triplicate determinations from three independent experiments (*p<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001, one-way ANOVA test). Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (//doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092704.g001) licensed under a CC-BY license.Immunohistochemistry-Frozen: NOD2 Antibody (2D9) [NB100-524] - Overlay of NOD2-DyLight 488 (green) with phase contrast of murine colon.  Image from verified customer review.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

     1 Review

26 Publications
D6050B
N/A IL-6 [HRP]N/A IL-6 [HRP]


Species Human

747 Publications
NB100-39002
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: FoxP3 Antibody [NB100-39002] - Mouse spleen stained with FoxP3 antibody. IHC-P image submitted by a verified customer review.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: FoxP3 Antibody [NB100-39002] - Number of Granzyme B+ and FoxP3+ cells infiltrating tumors. Representative images of IHC staining of FoxP3+ and Granzyme B+ cells in the peri-tumoral areas in two mice characterized by low FoxP3+ and high Granzyme B+ (panels 1 and 2) or high FoxP3+ and low Granzyme B+ (panels 3 and 4). Image collected and cropped by Citeab from the following publication (Inhibition of tumor growth by cancer vaccine combined with metronomic chemotherapy and anti-PD-1 in a pre-clinical setting. Oncotarget (2018) licensed under a CC-BY license.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, IB

     2 Reviews

53 Publications
NBP1-49045
Flow Cytometry: CD8 Antibody (53-6.7) [NBP1-49045] - CD8 alpha Antibody (53-6.7) [NBP1-49045] - Analysis of lymph nodes by multiple staining.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: CD8 Antibody (53-6.7) [NBP1-49045] - CD8 alpha Antibody (53-6.7) [NBP1-49045] - CD8 alpha expression in mouse spleen tissue using anti-CD8 alpha antibody. Image from verified customer review.

Rat Monoclonal
Species Mouse, Rat
Applications Flow, ICC/IF, IHC

     3 Reviews

25 Publications
NB120-6405
Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: MHC Class I Antibody (OX18) [NB120-6405] - Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) I and II as well as Transporter associated with antigen presentation II (TAPII) were analyzed, using immunocytochemistry on rat Schwann cells (SCs). Corresponding merges are shown in the bottom rows. Treatment of SCs with IL-17 was performed at concentrations of 0.5 and 50 ng/mL. Graphs to the right show densitometry quantification. SCs showed expression of MHCI > TAPII > MHCII, which increased after IL-17 treatment. MHCI was mainly detected in the cytoplasm and the expression increased in a dose-dependent manner after IL-17 treatment, significant for 0.5 ng/mL and 50 ng/mL (**P <=0.01). Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (http://jneuroinflammation.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1742-2094-11-63), licensed under a CC-BY license.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: MHC Class I Antibody (OX18) [NB120-6405] - Analysis of FFPE rat brain cerebellum using MHC Class I (OK18) antibody at 1:200 on a Bond Rx autostainer (Leica Biosystems). The assay involved 20 minutes of heat induced antigen retrieval (HIER) using 10mM sodium citrate buffer (pH 6.0) and endogenous peroxidase quenching with peroxide block. The sections were incubated with primary antibody for 30 minutes and Bond Polymer Refine Detection (Leica Biosystems) with DAB was used for signal development followed by counterstaining with hematoxylin. Whole slide scanning and capturing of representative images was performed using Aperio AT2 (Leica Biosystems). Endothelial staining was observed. Staining was performed by Histowiz.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Rat
Applications EM, ELISA, Flow

33 Publications
NBP1-90044
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: ATN1 Antibody [NBP1-90044] - Analysis in human cerebral cortex and liver tissues. Corresponding ATN1 RNA-seq data are presented for the same tissues.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: ATN1 Antibody [NBP1-90044] - Staining of human cell line U-251 MG shows localization to nucleoplasm. Antibody staining is shown in green.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

1 Publication
MAB1417
Insulin was detected in immersion fixed  beta TC‑6 mouse beta cell insulinoma cell line using Human/Mouse/Bovine Insulin Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB1417) at 10 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Rat IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=Insulin was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human pancreas using Rat Anti-Human/Mouse/Bovine Insulin Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB1417) at 0.5 µg/mL for 1 hour at room temperature followed by incubation with the Anti-Rat IgG VisUCyte™ HRP Polymer Antibody (<a class=

Rat Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Bovine
Applications IHC, CyTOF-ready, ICC

16 Publications
7268-CT
Recombinant Human CTLA-4 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 7268-CT) inhibits IL-2 secretion by stimulated Jurkat human acute Tcell leukemia cells. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 0.03-0.15 μg/mL whenstimulated with 1 μg/mL Recombinant Human B7‑1/CD80 Fc Chimera (Catalog # <a class=


Species Human
Applications BA

3 Publications
6507-IL/CF
Measured in a cell proliferation assay using TF‑1 human erythroleukemic cells. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 0.05-0.2 ng/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

3 Publications
285-IF
Recombinant Human IFN-gamma (Catalog # 285-IF) has a molecular weight (MW) of 34.9 kDa as analyzed by SEC-MALS, suggesting that this protein is a homodimer.  MW may differ from predicted MW due to post-translational modifications (PTMs) present (i.e. Glycosylation).1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human IFN-gamma  was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 17 kDa.


Species Human
Applications BA

     2 Reviews

432 Publications
210-TA
Recombinant Human TNF-alpha (Catalog # 210-TA) has a molecular weight (MW) of 53.1 kDa as analyzed by SEC-MALS, suggesting that this protein is a homotrimer.  MW may differ from predicted MW due to post-translational modifications (PTMs) present (i.e. Glycosylation).Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     3 Reviews

791 Publications
202-IL
As an alternative, please consider our next generation Recombinant Human IL-2 (<a class=


Species Human
Applications BA

     4 Reviews

362 Publications
DY421
N/A IL-17/IL-17A [Biotin]


Species Mouse
Applications ELISA

181 Publications
DY417
N/A IL-10 [Biotin]


Species Mouse
Applications ELISA

284 Publications
NBP2-34294
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Thyroglobulin Antibody (2H11 + 6E1) [NBP2-34294] - Mouse thyroid tissue section stained with Thyroglobulin Antibody (2H11 + 6E1). IHC-P image submitted by a verified customer review.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Thyroglobulin Antibody (2H11 + 6E1) [NBP2-34294] - Analysis using Azide/BSA FREE version of NBP2-34294. Human Thyroid stained with Thyroglobulin Ab (2H11 + 6E1).

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications Flow, IHC, IHC-P

     3 Reviews

1 Publication
NBP1-19371
Immunohistochemistry: CD4 Antibody [NBP1-19371] - Increased CD3+ and CD4+ T-cell occurrence in the brainstem of SHR-72 transgenic rat model for tauopathies. (A-D) Immunofluorescence staining showed CD4+ T-cells in SHR-72 transgenic animals. (E- H) Immunofluorescence staining showed more perivascular than brain parenchyma infiltrating CD4+ T-cells in SHR-72 transgenic animals. PLoS One. 2019 May 23;14(5):e0217216. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0217216.Immunohistochemistry: CD4 Antibody [NBP1-19371] - DBZ inhibits the accumulation of CD4+ T cells and Th2 differentiation in the AAAs. (B) The representation of immunohistochemical staining for CD4+ in abdominal aorta from four groups (left). Bar graphs show the percentage of CD4+ positive cell areas (right; n=3 per group). Bar: 50 um.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, Flow

     9 Reviews

49 Publications
NB600-717
Western Blot: MBP Antibody (12) [NB600-717] - Mouse Brain Tissue lysate probed with Rat anti MBP.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: MBP Antibody (12) [NB600-717] - Histological and mRNA analysis of the inflammatory cytokines in the vehicle- or etifoxine-treated mice at onset of clinical symptoms. At day 10 p.i., drug treated animals showed significant differences in MBP staining. Animals treated with etifoxine showed an increase in retention of percentage of MBP coverage (*p = 0.001).  Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (http://embomolmed.embopress.org/cgi/doi/10.1002/emmm.201202124), licensed under a CC-BY license.

Rat Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, ICC/IF

     3 Reviews

41 Publications
H00004340-B01P
Western Blot: MOG Antibody [H00004340-B01P] - Analysis of MOG expression in rat brain.Western Blot: MOG Antibody [H00004340-B01P] - Analysis of MOG expression in transfected 293T cell line by MOG polyclonal antibody.  Lane 1: MOG transfected lysate(32.56 KDa). Lane 2: Non-transfected lysate.

Mouse Polyclonal
Species Human, Rat
Applications WB

     1 Review

NBP2-79843
Western Blot: HLA DQ/DR/DP Antibody (HLA-Pan/2967R) - Azide and BSA Free [NBP2-79843] - Western Blot Analysis of Ramos cell lysate using HLA DQ/DR/DP Antibody (HLA-Pan/2967R).Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: HLA DQ/DR/DP Antibody (HLA-Pan/2967R) - Azide and BSA Free [NBP2-79843] - Immunofluorescence staining of PFA-fixed Ramos cells. HLA DQ/DR/DP Recombinant Rabbit Monoclonal Antibody (HLA DQ/DR/DP/2967R) followed by goat anti-rabbit IgG-CF488 (green). Nuclei stained with RedDot.

Rabbit Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow