Host: Sheep Polyclonal
Clostridia are toxin-producing anaerobic bacteria that cause a number of serious diseases, including tetanus, botulism, and tissue infections. Clostridia normally inhabit the human intestinal tract, soil, and decaying vegetation. All species of clostridia produce toxins. Some clostridial diseases, such as botulism and the various diarrheal illnesses, result solely from the toxin without any bacterial invasion of tissue. In other clostridial diseases, such as tetanus and clostridial wound infections, there is both tissue invasion and toxin production.