Deamination, the opposite of amination, is a type of post-translational modification (PTM) in which an amine group is removed from a protein. Enzymes that catalyze the deamination reaction are called deaminases. Typically in humans, deamination occurs when an excess in protein is consumed, resulting in the removal of an amine group, which is then converted into ammonia and expelled via urination. This deamination process allows the body to convert excess amino acids into usable by-products. Although deamination occurs throughout the human body, it is most common in the liver and to a lesser extent in the kidneys.
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