TLR9 Antibody (M9.D6) [Biotin]

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Flow Cytometry: TLR9 Antibody (M9.D6) [Biotin] [NBP1-43479] - Staining of fixed and permeabilized mouse TLR9-transfected 293 cells with 0.25 ug of Rat IgG2a Isotype Control Biotin (open histogram) or 0.25 ug of ...read more

Product Details

Summary
Reactivity MuSpecies Glossary
Applications WB, Flow
Clone
M9.D6
Clonality
Monoclonal
Host
Rat
Conjugate
Biotin
Concentration
0.5 mg/ml

TLR9 Antibody (M9.D6) [Biotin] Summary

Immunogen
The immunogen for this antibody was Tolllike receptor 9.
Isotype
IgG2a
Clonality
Monoclonal
Host
Rat
Gene
TLR9
Purity
Protein A or G purified
Innovator's Reward
Test in a species/application not listed above to receive a full credit towards a future purchase.

Applications/Dilutions

Dilutions
  • Western Blot 1:100-1:2000
  • Flow Cytometry 1:10-1:1000
Application Notes
The M9.D6 antibody has been tested by intracellular flow cytometric analysis of fixed and permeabilized mouse TLR9 transfected cells. This can be used at less than or equal to 1.0 ug per test. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5to 10^8cells/test.
Agonist
Readout System

Reactivity Notes

This antibody is reactive to Mouse.

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Storage
Store at 4C. Do not freeze.
Buffer
Aqueous buffer, may contain carrier protein/stabilizer (proprietary)
Preservative
0.09% Sodium Azide
Concentration
0.5 mg/ml
Purity
Protein A or G purified

Alternate Names for TLR9 Antibody (M9.D6) [Biotin]

  • CD289 antigen
  • CD289
  • TLR9
  • toll-like receptor 9

Background

M9.D6 is generated against a peptide derived from the extracellular portion of mouse TLR9. Predominantly expressed as an intracellular protein, TLR9 is a ~115-120 kDa molecule which mediates response to unmethylated CpG dinucleotides in bacterial DNA. CpG DNA induces a strong T-helper-1-like inflammatory response and the proliferation of TLR9+ B cells. When stimulated with CpG DNA, TLR9-deficient (TLR9-/-) mice lacked splenocyte proliferation, inflammatory cytokine production from macrophages, and dendritic cell maturation, as compared with normal mice. To date, at least ten members of the Toll family have been identified. This family of type I transmembrane proteins is characterized by an extracellular domain with leucine-rich repeats and a cytoplasmic domain with homology to the type I IL-1 receptor. Members of the TLR family are involved in recognition and response to different microbial components including lipoproteins, peptidoglycans, and nucleic acids and play important roles in innate immunity and inflammation. TLR9 is not detected by flow cytometry using this antibody on RBC-lysed mouse splenocytes stained for intracellular TLR9. This may be due to limitations of antigen detection by flow cytometry. Further studies are needed to determine the relationship between mRNA expression and protein detection.

Limitations

This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Primary Antibodies are guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.

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Video Protocols

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Secondary Antibodies

 

Isotype Controls

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Blogs on TLR9.

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MHC molecules (also known as major histocompatibility complex molecules) assist in the presentation of antigens to T cells in order to eradicate foreign pathogens.  These molecules are highly polymorphic, meaning that they exist in multiple varian...  Read full blog post.

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Toll like receptors (TLRs) are highly conserved proteins that are first known for their role in pathogen recognition and immune response activation.  In order to elicit the necessary immune response in reaction to a foreign pathogen, TLRs trigger cy...  Read full blog post.

IRAK4: The "master IRAK" critical for initiating immune responses
IRAK4, also known as Interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 4, is a serine/threonine-protein kinase that plays a critical role in initiating innate and adaptive immune responses against foreign pathogens. It activates NF-kappaB in both Toll-like rec...  Read full blog post.

TLR9: For Whom the Cell Tolls
The Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) protein, also known as CD289, belongs to the family of Toll-like receptor (TLR) proteins which play a large role in pathogen recognition and the activation of innate immunity. Scientists using TLR9 antibodies have found...  Read full blog post.

TLR9: Tollgate to Immunity
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play an essential role in the activation of innate immunity, and TLRs are expressed in a large number of immune cells as well as in epithelial cells. TLR9 recognizes synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) containing unmethyla...  Read full blog post.

TLR9, Infectious Disease and Cancer
Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) is a protein encoded by TLR9 gene in humans. It is also known as cluster of differentiation 289 (CD289) and is a member of TLR family. Proteins from TLR family are transmembrane proteins that expressed in both antigen-resen...  Read full blog post.

TLR9 Antibodies in Immunity Research
Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) is a member of the toll-like receptor family that plays a key role in pathogen recognition and activation of innate immunity. Scientists using TLR9 antibodies have found the protein is highly conserved from Drosophila to hu...  Read full blog post.

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Bioinformatics

Gene Symbol TLR9
Entrez