Recombinant Mouse GM-CSF, Animal-Free Protein

Images

 
There are currently no images for GM-CSF (AFL415).

Every product we sell is backed by Novus' 100% Guarantee. If you have used this product, please submit your images and reviews to earn reward points.

Product Details

Summary
Reactivity MuSpecies Glossary
Applications Bioactivity
Format
Carrier-Free

Order Details

Recombinant Mouse GM-CSF, Animal-Free Protein Summary

Details of Functionality
Measured in a cell proliferation assay using DA3 mouse myeloma cells. Ihle, J.N. et al. (1984) Advances in Viral Oncology. In G. Klein (eds): Raven Press, New York, NY. 4:95. The ED50 for this effect is 5‑30 pg/mL.
Source
E. coli-derived mouse GM-CSF protein
Ala18-Lys141, with an N-terminal Met
Produced using non-animal reagents in an animal-free laboratory.
Accession #
N-terminal Sequence
Met
Protein/Peptide Type
Animal-Free Recombinant Proteins
Gene
Csf2
Purity
>97%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain.
Endotoxin Note
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.

Applications/Dilutions

Theoretical MW
14.3 kDa.
Disclaimer note: The observed molecular weight of the protein may vary from the listed predicted molecular weight due to post translational modifications, post translation cleavages, relative charges, and other experimental factors.

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Buffer
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.
Purity
>97%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain.
Reconstitution Instructions
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.

Notes

This product is produced by and ships from R&D Systems, Inc., a Bio-Techne brand.

Alternate Names for Recombinant Mouse GM-CSF, Animal-Free Protein

  • colony stimulating factor 2 (granulocyte-macrophage)
  • Colony-stimulating factor
  • CSF
  • CSF2
  • GMCSF
  • GM-CSF
  • GMCSFgranulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor
  • granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor
  • MGC131935
  • MGC138897
  • molgramostin
  • sargramostim

Background

GM-CSF was initially characterized as a factor that can support the in vitro colony formation of granulocyte-macrophage progenitors. It is also a growth factor for erythroid, megakaryocyte, and eosinophil progenitors. GM-CSF is produced by a number of different cell types (including T cells, B cells, macrophages, mast cells, endothelial cells, fibroblasts, and adipocytes) in response to cytokine or inflammatory stimuli. On mature hematopoietic cells, GM-CSF is a survival factor for and activates the effector functions of granulocytes, monocytes/macrophages, and eosinophils (1, 2). GM-CSF promotes a Th1 biased immune response, angiogenesis, allergic inflammation, and the development of autoimmunity (3-5). It shows clinical effectiveness in ameliorating chemotherapy-induced neutropenia, and GM-CSF transfected tumor cells are utilized as cancer vaccines (6, 7). The 22 kDa glycosylated GM-CSF, similar to IL-3 and IL-5, is a cytokine with a core of four bundled alpha ‑helices (8-10). Mature mouse GM-CSF shares 49%-54% amino acid sequence identity with canine, feline, human, and porcine GM-CSF and 69% with rat GM‑CSF. GM‑CSF exerts its biological effects through a heterodimeric receptor complex composed of GM-CSF R alpha /CD116 and the signal transducing common beta chain (CD131) which is also a component of the high-affinity receptors for IL-3 and IL-5 (11, 12). In addition, GM-CSF binds a naturally occurring soluble form of GM-CSF R alpha (13). The activity of GM-CSF is species specific between human and mouse. Mouse GM-CSF is only weakly active on rat cells, although rat GM‑CSF is fully active on mouse cells (14, 15).

  1. Martinez-Moczygemba, M. and D.P. Huston (2003) J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 112:653.
  2. Barreda, D.R. et al. (2004) Dev. Comp. Immunol. 28:509.
  3. Eksioglu, E.A. et al. (2007) Exp. Hematol. 35:1163.
  4. Cao, Y. (2007) J. Clin. Invest. 117:2362.
  5. Fleetwood, A.J. et al. (2005) Crit. Rev. Immunol. 25:405.
  6. Heuser, M. et al. (2007) Semin. Hematol. 44:148.
  7. Hege, K.M. et al. (2006) Int. Rev. Immunol. 25:321.
  8. Kaushansky, K. et al. (1992) Biochemistry 31:1881.
  9. Diederichs, K. et al. (1991) Science 254:1779.
  10. Gough, N.M. et al. (1984) Nature 309:763.
  11. Onetto-Pothier, N. et al. (1990) Blood 75:59.
  12. Hayashida, K. et al. (1990) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 87:9655.
  13. Pelley, J.L. et al. (2007) Exp. Hematol. 35:1483.
  14. Oaks, M.K. et al. (1995) J. Interferon Cytokine Res. 15:1095.
  15. Vandenabeele, P. et al. (1990) Lymphokine Res. 9:381.

Manufacturing Process

Animal-Free Manufacturing Conditions
Our dedicated controlled-access animal-free laboratories ensure that at no point in production are the products exposed to potential contamination by animal components or byproducts. Every stage of manufacturing is conducted in compliance with R&D Systems' stringent Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs). Production and purification procedures use equipment and media that are confirmed animal-free.

Production
  • All molecular biology procedures use animal-free media and dedicated labware.
  • Dedicated fermentors are utilized in committed animal-free areas.
Purification
  • Protein purification columns are animal-free.
  • Bulk proteins are filtered using animal-free filters.
  • Purified proteins are stored in animal-free containers in a dedicated cold storage room.
Quality Assurance
  • Low Endotoxin Level.
  • No impairment of biological activity.
  • High quality product obtained under stringent conditions.
  • For ex vivo research or bioproduction, additional documentation can be provided.

Please read our complete Animal-Free Statement



Customers Who Viewed This Item Also Viewed...

7270-IL/CF
Species: Hu
6507-IL/CF
Species: Hu
MAB414
Species: Mu
Applications: WB, ELISA(Cap), ELISA(Det), ICFlow, Neut, ELISA(Sta)
MAB414
Species: Mu
Applications: WB, ELISA(Cap), ELISA(Det), ICFlow, Neut, ELISA(Sta)
NB600-41532
Species: Mu
Applications: WB, ELISA, ICC/IF, IHC, IHC-P
NB100-524
Species: Hu, Mu
Applications: WB, Flow, ICC/IF, IHC, IHC-Fr, IHC-P, IP, Flow-IC
NBP1-84550
Species: Hu
Applications: WB, IHC, IHC-P
NBP1-92684
Species: Hu, Mu, Rt, Po, Bv, Eq
Applications: WB, ICC/IF, IHC

Publications for GM-CSF (AFL415) (0)

There are no publications for GM-CSF (AFL415).
By submitting your publication information earn gift cards and discounts for future purchases.

Reviews for GM-CSF (AFL415) (0)

There are no reviews for GM-CSF (AFL415). By submitting a review you will receive an Amazon e-Gift Card or Novus Product Discount.
  • Review with no image -- $10/€7/£6/$10 CAD/¥70 Yuan/¥1110 Yen
  • Review with an image -- $25/€18/£15/$25 CAD/¥150 Yuan/¥2500 Yen
  • 1st to review with an image -- $50/€35/£30/$50 CAD/¥300 Yuan/¥5000 Yen

FAQs for GM-CSF (AFL415) (0)

There are no specific FAQs related to this product. Read our general customer & technical service FAQs.

Customers Who Bought This Also Bought

Albumin Antibody
NB600-41532

Contact Information

Product PDFs

Calculators

Concentration Calculator

The concentration calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume, mass or concentration of your vial. Simply enter your mass, volume, or concentration values for your reagent and the calculator will determine the rest.

=
÷

Review this Product

Be the first to review our Recombinant Mouse GM-CSF, Animal-Free Protein and receive a gift card or discount.

Bioinformatics

Gene Symbol Csf2
Uniprot