CD38 Antibody (HB7) [Allophycocyanin]

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Product Details

Summary
Reactivity HuSpecies Glossary
Applications Flow
Clone
HB7
Clonality
Monoclonal
Host
Rabbit
Conjugate
Allophycocyanin

Order Details

CD38 Antibody (HB7) [Allophycocyanin] Summary

Additional Information
Recombinant Monoclonal Antibody.
Immunogen
This CD38 Antibody (HB7) - Chimeric was developed against viable cells (1 x 10^7) of the human cell line, BJAB (Human Burkitt lymphoma B cell line), which was were injected intraperitoneally into 8-week-old BALB/c mice.
Specificity
This antibody binds to an epitope between amino acids 273-285 of human CD38, an approximately 45 kDa type II transmembrane protein, expressed on essentially all pre-B lymphocytes, plasma cells, and thymocytes. Also present on activated T lymphocytes, natural killer (NK) lymphocytes, myeloblasts, and erythroblasts. Bimodally expressed during B cell development, modulating from high in immature cells to low in intermediate ones and back to high on mature B cells. This antibody competes with clone AT13/5 (Ab00289) (Ellis 1995).
Isotype
IgG Kappa
Clonality
Monoclonal
Host
Rabbit
Gene
CD38
Purity
Protein A purified
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Applications/Dilutions

Dilutions
  • Flow Cytometry
Application Notes
Optimal dilution of this antibody should be experimentally determined.

Reactivity Notes

Human

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Storage
Store at 4C in the dark.
Buffer
PBS
Preservative
0.05% Sodium Azide
Purity
Protein A purified

Notes

This conjugate is made on demand. Actual recovery may vary from the stated volume of this product. The volume will be greater than or equal to the unit size stated on the datasheet.

Alternate Names for CD38 Antibody (HB7) [Allophycocyanin]

  • 2'-phospho-ADP-ribosyl cyclase
  • 2'-phospho-ADP-ribosyl cyclase/2'-phospho-cyclic-ADP-ribose transferase (EC:2.4.99.20)
  • 2'-phospho-cyclic-ADP-ribose transferase
  • ADPRC 1
  • ADPRC1
  • ADP-ribosyl cyclase 1
  • ADP-ribosyl Cyclase
  • ADP-ribosyl cyclase/cyclic ADP-ribose hydrolase 1
  • ADP-ribosyl cyclase/cyclic ADP-ribose hydrolase
  • cADPr hydrolase 1
  • CD_antigen: CD38
  • CD38 antigen (p45)
  • CD38 antigen
  • CD38 molecule
  • CD38
  • cluster of differentiation 38
  • Cyclic ADP-ribose hydrolase 1
  • Cyclic ADP-ribose Hydrolase
  • EC 2.4.99.20
  • EC 3.2.2.6
  • EC:3.2.2.6
  • NAD(+) nucleosidase
  • T10

Background

CD38 (cluster of differentiation 38), previously known as T10, is a 46 kDa type II transmembrane glycoprotein (1). CD38 is expressed in both lymphoid and non-lymphoid tissue including in thymocytes, T and B lymphocytes, myeloid cells, natural killer cells, plasma cells, erythrocytes, and additionally in cells of the brain, pancreas, muscle, and bone (1,2). Structurally, CD38 is an "L"-shape which is formed by two separate domains connected by a three peptide-chain hinge region (2). The N-terminal domain is composed of five alpha-helices and two beta strands, while the C-terminal domain contains a four-stranded parallel beta-sheet and two long and two short alpha-helices (2). The CD38 molecule is located on chromosome 4 and is 300 amino acids (aa) in length with a theoretical molecular weight of 34 kDa that functions as both a receptor and an enzyme (1-6). As a receptor, CD38 interacts with its ligand CD31, which is largely expressed in endothelial cells (2-6). As an ectoenzyme, CD38 has a role in calcium signaling and is responsible for the conversion of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) into adenosine diphosphate-ribose (ADPR) or cyclic ADPR and the conversion of phosphorylated NAD (NADP) into nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) (2-6).

As described above, CD38 is highly expressed in plasma cells and, as a result, is a target for treating multiple myeloma (MM), the cancer of white blood cells (4,6). The anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody daratumumab is one specific treatment for MM (4,6). Daratumumab has been shown to target MM cells through antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity and antibody dependent cellular phagocytosis (4). Additionally, CD38 has a potential role in neurodegenerative disorders and neuroinflammation as elucidated CD38's high expression in neurons, astrocytes, and microglia along with its enzymatic role in NAD degradation (3). Reduced NAD levels is a consequence of aging and occurs during neurodegeneration (3). Furthermore, murine studies have found that CD38 deletion inhibits neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration and therefore might be a potential therapeutic target (3). Similarly, CD38 inhibitors, like quercetin and luteolin, are used to treat age-related diseases and metabolic disorders (7).

References

1. Malavasi, F., Funaro, A., Alessio, M., DeMonte, L. B., Ausiello, C. M., Dianzani, U., Lanza, F., Magrini, E., Momo, M., & Roggero, S. (1992). CD38: a multi-lineage cell activation molecule with a split personality. International journal of clinical & laboratory research. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02591400

2. Malavasi, F., Deaglio, S., Funaro, A., Ferrero, E., Horenstein, A. L., Ortolan, E., Vaisitti, T., & Aydin, S. (2008). Evolution and function of the ADP ribosyl cyclase/CD38 gene family in physiology and pathology. Physiological reviews. https://doi.org/10.1152/physrev.00035.2007

3. Guerreiro, S., Privat, A. L., Bressac, L., & Toulorge, D. (2020). CD38 in Neurodegeneration and Neuroinflammation. Cells. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells9020471

4. van de Donk, N., Richardson, P. G., & Malavasi, F. (2018). CD38 antibodies in multiple myeloma: back to the future. Blood. https://doi.org/10.1182/blood-2017-06-740944

5. Lund, F. E., Cockayne, D. A., Randall, T. D., Solvason, N., Schuber, F., & Howard, M. C. (1998). CD38: a new paradigm in lymphocyte activation and signal transduction. Immunological reviews. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-065x.1998.tb01573.x

6. Glaria, E., & Valledor, A. F. (2020). Roles of CD38 in the Immune Response to Infection. Cells. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells9010228

7. Rajman, L., Chwalek, K., & Sinclair, D. A. (2018). Therapeutic Potential of NAD-Boosting Molecules: The In Vivo Evidence. Cell metabolism. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cmet.2018.02.011

Limitations

This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Primary Antibodies are guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.

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Product General Protocols

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FAQs for CD38 Antibody (NBP2-52647APC). (Showing 1 - 1 of 1 FAQ).

  1. Which is your best antibody anti-human CD38 for IHC-P?
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Secondary Antibodies

 

Isotype Controls

Other Available Formats

Alexa Fluor 350 NBP2-52647AF350
Alexa Fluor 405 NBP2-52647AF405
Alexa Fluor 488 NBP2-52647AF488
Alexa Fluor 532 NBP2-52647AF532
Alexa Fluor 594 NBP2-52647AF594
Alexa Fluor 647 NBP2-52647AF647
Alexa Fluor 700 NBP2-52647AF700
Alexa Fluor 750 NBP2-52647AF750
Allophycocyanin NBP2-52647APC
Allophycocyanin/Cy7 NBP2-52647APCCY7
Biotin NBP2-52647B
DyLight 350 NBP2-52647UV
DyLight 405 NBP2-52647V
DyLight 488 NBP2-52647G
DyLight 550 NBP2-52647R
DyLight 650 NBP2-52647C
DyLight 680 NBP2-52647FR
DyLight 755 NBP2-52647IR
FITC NBP2-52647F
HRP NBP2-52647H
Janelia Fluor 549 NBP2-52647JF549
Janelia Fluor 646 NBP2-52647JF646
PE NBP2-52647PE
PE/Atto594 NBP2-52647PEATT594
PE/Cy5.5 NBP2-52647PECY55
PE/Cy7 NBP2-52647PECY7
PerCP NBP2-52647PCP

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Bioinformatics

Gene Symbol CD38