CD38 Antibody (032) [Alexa Fluor® 647] Summary
Recombinant Monoclonal Antibody
This CD38 antibody (032) was obtained from a rabbit immunized with purified, recombinant Mouse CD38 (NP_031672.2; Leu 45-Thr 304).
Protein A purified
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Optimal dilution of this antibody should be experimentally determined.
Disclaimer note: The observed molecular weight of the protein may vary from the listed predicted molecular weight due to post translational modifications, post translation cleavages, relative charges, and other experimental factors.
Packaging, Storage & Formulations
Store at 4C in the dark.
50mM Sodium Borate
0.05% Sodium Azide
Protein A purified
Alexa Fluor (R) products are provided under an intellectual property license from Life Technologies Corporation. The purchase of this product conveys to the buyer the non-transferable right to use the purchased product and components of the product only in research conducted by the buyer (whether the buyer is an academic or for-profit entity). The sale of this product is expressly conditioned on the buyer not using the product or its components, or any materials made using the product or its components, in any activity to generate revenue, which may include, but is not limited to use of the product or its components: (i) in manufacturing; (ii) to provide a service, information, or data in return for payment; (iii) for therapeutic, diagnostic or prophylactic purposes; or (iv) for resale, regardless of whether they are resold for use in research. For information on purchasing a license to this product for purposes other than as described above, contact Life Technologies Corporation, 5791 Van Allen Way, Carlsbad, CA 92008 USA or email@example.com. This conjugate is made on demand. Actual recovery may vary from the stated volume of this product. The volume will be greater than or equal to the unit size stated on the datasheet.
Alternate Names for CD38 Antibody (032) [Alexa Fluor® 647]
- 2'-phospho-ADP-ribosyl cyclase
- 2'-phospho-ADP-ribosyl cyclase/2'-phospho-cyclic-ADP-ribose transferase (EC:188.8.131.52)
- 2'-phospho-cyclic-ADP-ribose transferase
- ADPRC 1
- ADP-ribosyl cyclase 1
- ADP-ribosyl Cyclase
- ADP-ribosyl cyclase/cyclic ADP-ribose hydrolase 1
- ADP-ribosyl cyclase/cyclic ADP-ribose hydrolase
- cADPr hydrolase 1
- CD_antigen: CD38
- CD38 antigen (p45)
- CD38 antigen
- CD38 molecule
- cluster of differentiation 38
- Cyclic ADP-ribose hydrolase 1
- Cyclic ADP-ribose Hydrolase
- EC 184.108.40.206
- EC 220.127.116.11
- NAD(+) nucleosidase
CD38 (cluster of differentiation 38), previously known as T10, is a 46 kDa type II transmembrane glycoprotein (1). CD38 is expressed in both lymphoid and non-lymphoid tissue including in thymocytes, T and B lymphocytes, myeloid cells, natural killer cells, plasma cells, erythrocytes, and additionally in cells of the brain, pancreas, muscle, and bone (1,2). Structurally, CD38 is an "L"-shape which is formed by two separate domains connected by a three peptide-chain hinge region (2). The N-terminal domain is composed of five alpha-helices and two beta strands, while the C-terminal domain contains a four-stranded parallel beta-sheet and two long and two short alpha-helices (2). The CD38 molecule is located on chromosome 4 and is 300 amino acids (aa) in length with a theoretical molecular weight of 34 kDa that functions as both a receptor and an enzyme (1-6). As a receptor, CD38 interacts with its ligand CD31, which is largely expressed in endothelial cells (2-6). As an ectoenzyme, CD38 has a role in calcium signaling and is responsible for the conversion of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) into adenosine diphosphate-ribose (ADPR) or cyclic ADPR and the conversion of phosphorylated NAD (NADP) into nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) (2-6).
As described above, CD38 is highly expressed in plasma cells and, as a result, is a target for treating multiple myeloma (MM), the cancer of white blood cells (4,6). The anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody daratumumab is one specific treatment for MM (4,6). Daratumumab has been shown to target MM cells through antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity and antibody dependent cellular phagocytosis (4). Additionally, CD38 has a potential role in neurodegenerative disorders and neuroinflammation as elucidated CD38's high expression in neurons, astrocytes, and microglia along with its enzymatic role in NAD degradation (3). Reduced NAD levels is a consequence of aging and occurs during neurodegeneration (3). Furthermore, murine studies have found that CD38 deletion inhibits neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration and therefore might be a potential therapeutic target (3). Similarly, CD38 inhibitors, like quercetin and luteolin, are used to treat age-related diseases and metabolic disorders (7).
1. Malavasi, F., Funaro, A., Alessio, M., DeMonte, L. B., Ausiello, C. M., Dianzani, U., Lanza, F., Magrini, E., Momo, M., & Roggero, S. (1992). CD38: a multi-lineage cell activation molecule with a split personality. International journal of clinical & laboratory research. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02591400
2. Malavasi, F., Deaglio, S., Funaro, A., Ferrero, E., Horenstein, A. L., Ortolan, E., Vaisitti, T., & Aydin, S. (2008). Evolution and function of the ADP ribosyl cyclase/CD38 gene family in physiology and pathology. Physiological reviews. https://doi.org/10.1152/physrev.00035.2007
3. Guerreiro, S., Privat, A. L., Bressac, L., & Toulorge, D. (2020). CD38 in Neurodegeneration and Neuroinflammation. Cells. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells9020471
4. van de Donk, N., Richardson, P. G., & Malavasi, F. (2018). CD38 antibodies in multiple myeloma: back to the future. Blood. https://doi.org/10.1182/blood-2017-06-740944
5. Lund, F. E., Cockayne, D. A., Randall, T. D., Solvason, N., Schuber, F., & Howard, M. C. (1998). CD38: a new paradigm in lymphocyte activation and signal transduction. Immunological reviews. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-065x.1998.tb01573.x
6. Glaria, E., & Valledor, A. F. (2020). Roles of CD38 in the Immune Response to Infection. Cells. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells9010228
7. Rajman, L., Chwalek, K., & Sinclair, D. A. (2018). Therapeutic Potential of NAD-Boosting Molecules: The In Vivo Evidence. Cell metabolism. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cmet.2018.02.011
This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Primary Antibodies are guaranteed
for 1 year from date of receipt.
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