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T Cell Costimulation Pathway Bioinformatics

Disease and disorder research has been conducted in relation to the T Cell Costimulation Pathway and Autoimmune Reaction, Neoplasms, Autoimmune Diseases, Tissue Adhesions, Autoimmunity. The study of the T Cell Costimulation Pathway has been mentioned in research publications which can be found using our bioinformatics tool below. The T Cell Costimulation Pathway has been researched in relation to Cell Activation, T Cell Activation, Cell Proliferation, T Cell Proliferation, Immune Response. The T Cell Costimulation Pathway complements our catalog of research reagents including antibodies and ELISA kits against CTLA4, CD80, CD28, NOD2, HLA-DQA1.

T Cell Costimulation Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on T Cell Costimulation below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 6043 products for the study of the T Cell Costimulation Pathway that can be applied to Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Western Blot from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

NB100-524
Western Blot: NOD2 Antibody (2D9) [NB100-524] - HCMV infection induces NOD2 mRNA and protein in HFFs and U373 cells. E. U373 glioma cells were infected with HCMV Towne strain and levels of NOD1, NOD2 and GAPDH mRNAs were measured by qRT-PCR at indicated time points. F. HFFs were infected with HCMV (Towne) at MOI of 1 PFU/cell and levels of NOD2 protein and B-actin were determined 48 and 72 hpi. G. HFFs were infected with HCMV (Towne) strain at MOI of 0.03 or 3 PFU/cell and levels of NOD2 protein and B-actin were determined at 48 hpi. Quantitative data represent mean values (+/-SD) of triplicate determinations from three independent experiments (*p<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001, one-way ANOVA test). Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (//doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092704.g001) licensed under a CC-BY licence.Western Blot: NOD2 Antibody (2D9) [NB100-524] - Total protein from human THP1 and US-OS cells and mouse Raw264.7 cells was separated on a 7.5% gel by SDS-PAGE, transferred to PVDF membrane and blocked in 5% non-fat milk in TBST. The membrane was probed with 2.0 ug/ml anti-NOD2 in 1% non-fat milk in TBST and detected with an anti-mouse HRP secondary antibody using chemiluminescence.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

     1 Review

23 Publications
NBP1-49045
Flow Cytometry: CD8 Antibody (53-6.7) [NBP1-49045] - CD8 alpha Antibody (53-6.7) [NBP1-49045] - Analysis of lymph nodes by multiple staining.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: CD8 Antibody (53-6.7) [NBP1-49045] - CD8 alpha Antibody (53-6.7) [NBP1-49045] - CD8 alpha expression in mouse spleen tissue using anti-CD8 alpha antibody. Image from verified customer review.

Rat Monoclonal
Species Mouse, Rat
Applications Flow, ICC/IF, IHC

     3 Reviews

17 Publications
NBP2-25208
Knockout Validated: B7-2/CD86 Antibody (BU63) [NBP2-25208] - Western blot shows lysates of Ramos human Burkitt's lymphoma parental cell line and B7-2 knockout (KO) Ramos cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 1.0 ug/mL of Mouse Anti-Human B7-2 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # NBP2-25208) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog #HAF018). Specific band was detected for B7-2 at approximately 90 kDa (as indicated) in the parental Ramos cell line, but is not detectable in the knockout Ramos cell line. This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions.Immunohistochemistry: B7-2/CD86 Antibody (BU63) [NBP2-25208] - Macrophage polarization states. Distribution and proportion of CD86+ macrophages (brown) were identified using IHC procedures. Intensity for the color response to antibodies was visible in lung tissues from all groups. Population proportions for the stained cells as shown by red arrows were calculated as a fold change of the control. (d). The results were expressed as Mean +/- SD (n = 3). **: a p-value of < 0.01 vs NS, OVA/BUD and OVA/PCI except the number of CD86+ cells in OVA/PCI group. #: P < 0.05 vs NS and ##; P < 0.01 vs either NS or OVA/BUD group. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (https://respiratory-research.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12931-020-1322-5) licensed under a CC-BY licence.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, Func

14 Publications
DDX0131P-100
Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: CD40/TNFRSF5 Antibody (mAb89) [DDX0131P-100] - CD40-transfected L cells stained.Immunohistochemistry: CD40/TNFRSF5 Antibody (mAb89) [DDX0131P-100] - IHC staining on Bouin paraffinlymph node section. HumanCD40 stained with mAb 89.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications Flow, Func, ICC/IF

11 Publications
AF3388
    OX40/TNFRSF4  was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human tonsil  using Sheep Anti-Human OX40/TNFRSF4 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal  Antibody (Catalog # AF3388) at 3 µg/mL for 1 hour at room  temperature followed by incubation with the Anti-Sheep IgG  VisUCyte™ HRP Polymer Antibody (Catalog # <a class=Recombinant  Human OX40L/TNFSF4 (Catalog # <a class=

Sheep Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Flow, IHC

     1 Review

AF169
ICOS was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human tonsil using Goat Anti-Human ICOS Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF169) at 15 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # <A class=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC

7268-CT
Recombinant Human CTLA-4 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 7268-CT) inhibits IL-2 secretion by stimulated Jurkat human acute Tcell leukemia cells. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 0.03-0.15 μg/mL whenstimulated with 1 μg/mL Recombinant Human B7‑1/CD80 Fc Chimera (Catalog # <a class=


Species Human
Applications BA

     3 Reviews

2 Publications
6507-IL/CF
Measured in a cell proliferation assay using TF‑1 human erythroleukemic cells. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 0.05-0.2 ng/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

3 Publications
DCDL40
 CD40 Ligand/TNFSF5 [HRP] CD40 Ligand/TNFSF5 [HRP]


Species Human
Applications ELISA

41 Publications
285-IF
Recombinant Human IFN-gamma  (Catalog # 285‑IF) demonstrates anti-viral activity in HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cells infected with encephalomyocarditis (EMC) virus. The activity is over 2-fold greater than the top competitor's IFN-gamma .1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human IFN-gamma  was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 17 kDa.


Species Human
Applications BA

     21 Reviews

384 Publications
210-TA
1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     36 Reviews

702 Publications
202-IL
1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human IL-2 was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 13 kDa.Recombinant Human IL-2 (Catalog # 202-IL) stimulates cell proliferation of the CTLL‑2 mouse cytotoxic T cell line. The ED<SUB>50</SUB> for this effect is 0.05-0.25 ng/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     26 Reviews

333 Publications
DY417
 IL-10 [Biotin]


Species Mouse
Applications ELISA

     9 Reviews

231 Publications
MAB342
Human CD28 Monoclonal Antibody enhances IL-2 secretion in the Jurkat human acute T cell leukemia cell line stimulated with 10 ng/mL phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) and 0.5 μM calcium ionophore, in a dose-dependent manner, as measured using the Quantikine Human IL-2 ELISA Kit (Catalog # <a class=

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, AgAct

     2 Reviews

33 Publications
MAB140
Raji human Burkitt's lymphoma cell line was stained with Mouse Anti-Human B7‑1/CD80 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB140, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # <a class=B7‑1/CD80 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human tonsil using Mouse Anti-Human B7‑1/CD80 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB140) at 5 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Mouse HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # <a class=

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications Flow, IHC, CyTOF-ready

     1 Review

11 Publications
NBP1-19371
Immunohistochemistry: CD4 Antibody [NBP1-19371] - Increased CD3+ and CD4+ T-cell occurrence in the brainstem of SHR-72 transgenic rat model for tauopathies. (A-D) Immunofluorescence staining showed CD4+ T-cells in SHR-72 transgenic animals. (E- H) Immunofluorescence staining showed more perivascular than brain parenchyma infiltrating CD4+ T-cells in SHR-72 transgenic animals. PLoS One. 2019 May 23;14(5):e0217216. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0217216.Immunohistochemistry: CD4 Antibody [NBP1-19371] - DBZ inhibits the accumulation of CD4+ T cells and Th2 differentiation in the AAAs. (B) The representation of immunohistochemical staining for CD4+ in abdominal aorta from four groups (left). Bar graphs show the percentage of CD4+ positive cell areas (right; n=3 per group). Bar: 50 um.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, Flow

     9 Reviews

37 Publications
NBP2-66987
Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Coagulation Factor XIV/Protein C Antibody (JM93-61) [NBP2-66987] - Staining Protein C in Hela cells (green). The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue). Cells were fixed in paraformaldehyde, permeabilised with 0.25% Triton X100/PBS.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Coagulation Factor XIV/Protein C Antibody (JM93-61) [NBP2-66987] - Analysis of paraffin-embedded human stomach cancer tissue using anti-Protein C antibody. Counter stained with hematoxylin.

Rabbit Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

NB100-91662
Western Blot: APC Antibody [NB100-91662] - Lane1:Hela cell lysate.  Lane2:HEK293T cell lysate.  Lane3:Rat testis tissue lysate.  Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: APC Antibody [NB100-91662] - HeLa cells were fixed for 10 minutes using 10% formalin and then permeabilized for 5 minutes using 1X PBS + 0.05% Triton-X100. The cells were incubated with anti-APC Antibody at 2 ug/ml overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-rabbit Dylight 488 (Green) at a 1:500 dilution. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue). Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

NBP2-79843
Western Blot: HLA DQ/DR/DP Antibody (HLA-Pan/2967R) - Azide and BSA Free [NBP2-79843] - Western Blot Analysis of Ramos cell lysate using HLA DQ/DR/DP Antibody (HLA-Pan/2967R).Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: HLA DQ/DR/DP Antibody (HLA-Pan/2967R) - Azide and BSA Free [NBP2-79843] - Immunofluorescence staining of PFA-fixed Ramos cells. HLA DQ/DR/DP Recombinant Rabbit Monoclonal Antibody (HLA DQ/DR/DP/2967R) followed by goat anti-rabbit IgG-CF488 (green). Nuclei stained with RedDot.

Rabbit Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow