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Signal Transmission Pathway Bioinformatics

Disease and disorder research has been conducted in relation to the Signal Transmission Pathway and Nervousness, Neoplasms, Malignant Neoplasms, Tissue Adhesions, Pain. The study of the Signal Transmission Pathway has been mentioned in research publications which can be found using our bioinformatics tool below. The Signal Transmission Pathway has been researched in relation to Transport, Synaptic Transmission, Localization, Secretion, Cell Proliferation. The Signal Transmission Pathway complements our catalog of research reagents including antibodies and ELISA kits against MAPK, RAS, AKT1, CAT, CRAT.

Signal Transmission Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Signal Transmission below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 2251 products for the study of the Signal Transmission Pathway that can be applied to Western Blot, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

NBP2-12793
Immunoprecipitation: Insulin Receptor Antibody [NBP2-12793] - Samples:  Whole cell lysate from HeLa (15 and 50 ug for WB; 1 mg for IP, 20% of IP loaded), 293T (T; 50 ug), Jurkat (J; 50 ug) and mouse NIH3T3 (M; 50 ug) cells. Antibodies: Affinity purified rabbit anti-Insulin Receptor Beta antibody NBP2-12793 used for WB at 0.1 ug/ml (A) and 1 ug/ml (B) and used for IP at 6 ug/mg lysate.  Insulin Receptor Beta was also immunoprecipitated by rabbit anti-Insulin Receptor Beta antibody, which recognizes an upstream epitope.  Detection: Chemiluminescence with exposure times of 30 seconds (A and B).

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, IP

     1 Review

202-IL/CF
1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human IL-2 was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 13 kDa.Recombinant Human IL-2 (Catalog # 202-IL/CF) stimulates cell proliferation of the CTLL‑2 mouse cytotoxic T cell line. The ED<SUB>50</SUB> for this effect is 0.05-0.25 ng/mL.


Species Human

204 Publications
NBP2-34260
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Insulin Antibody (E2-E3 (same as INS04)) [NBP2-34260] - Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human pancreas stained with insulin Monoclonal Antibody (E2-E3)SDS-Page: Insulin Antibody (E2-E3 (same as INS04)) [NBP2-34260]

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Porcine
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

     4 Reviews

NBP2-22203
Western Blot: ERK1 Antibody (1E5) [NBP2-22203] - Western blot analysis of whole cell lysates from (1) MCF7 (2) NIH3T3 cell lines using ERK1 antibody (clone 1E5) at 1:1000 dilution. The signal was developed using HRP labeled goat-anti Mouse secondary antibody with ECL based detection. Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: ERK1 Antibody (1E5) [NBP2-22203] - Analysis of NIH/3T3 cells using ERK1 mouse mAb (green). Blue: DRAQ5 fluorescent DNA dye. Red: Actin filaments have been labeled with Alexa Fluor-555 phalloidin.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

236-EG
1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human EGF was resolved with SDS-PAGE  and visualized by silver staining under reducing (R) conditions, showing a single band at 6 kDa.Recombinant Human EGF (Catalog # 236‑EG) stimulates cell proliferation of the Balb/3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 20‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human

     8 Reviews

256 Publications
664-LI/CF
<p align=<P align=left>Recombinant Human LIGHT/TNFSF14 (Catalog # 664-LI/CF) stimulates cell proliferation in HUVEC human umbilical vein endothelial cells. The ED<SUB>50</SUB> is 1-4 ng/mL.</P>


Species Human

10 Publications
AF467
EphB2 was detected in immersion fixed MBA‑MB‑468 human breast cancer cell line using Goat Anti-Human/Mouse EphB2 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF467) at 5 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # <a class=    Simple  Western lane view shows lysates of COLO 205 human colorectal  adenocarcinoma cell line and MBA‑MB‑468 human breast  cancer cell line, loaded at 0.2 mg/mL. A specific band was detected  for EphB2 at approximately 139 and 146 kDa (as indicated) using  20 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human/Mouse EphB2 Antigen Affinity-purified  Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF467) followed by 1:50 dilution of  HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, Simple Western, Flow

     4 Reviews

23 Publications
NBP2-50037
Western Blot: c-Fos Antibody (2H2) [NBP2-50037] - Top panel: Analysis of c-Fos expression in HeLa cells using NBP2-50037. Lane 1: HeLa cells were serum-starved for 36 hours.  Lane 2: Serum-starved HeLa cells were stimulated with 20% FBS (fetal bovine serum) for 2 hours. NBP2-50037 recognizes bands in the range of 50-65 kDa, which represent multiple forms of c-Fos. Serum starvation attenuates c-Fos expression, while 20% FBS strongly stimulates c-Fos expression.  Bottom panel: Blot was stripped and probed with monoclonal antibody against GAPDH (NB300-221) used as loading control.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: c-Fos Antibody (2H2) [NBP2-50037] - Left: NBP2-50037 staining (green) in HeLa cells, which were treated with serum-starvation for 36 hrs, followed by 2 hrs 20% FBS stimulation (bottom), or PBS treatment (top). Green c-Fos staining only localizes in the nuclei of stimulated cells, but not in un-stimulated cells. Cells are counter-stained with chicken pAb against Vimentin (NB300-223, red). Blue shows DAPI staining of nucleus. Middle: Mouse brain section (45 uM; fixed by transcardial perfusion with 4% PFA) labeled with NBP2-50037 using a standard HRP-DAB staining technique. Cells expressing c-Fos show dark color in nucleus. Right: Mouse cortical section labeled with NBP2-50037 (red) and rabbit polyclonal anti-NeuN (NBP1-92716, green) using IF confocal. Neurons positive for c-Fos and RBFOX3/NeuN appear to be yellow. Inset shows an enlarged image of NBP2-50037 staining. Nuclei are labeled with Dapi (blue).

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF

     1 Review

AF231
        EGFR  was detected in immersion fixed frozen sections of human skin using Goat Anti-Human EGFR Antigen  Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF231) at  1 µg/mL for 1 hour at room temperature followed by  incubation with the Anti-Goat IgG VisUCyte™ HRP Polymer Antibody  (Catalog # <a class=    EGFR  was detected in immersion fixed A431 human epithelial carcinoma cell line  using Goat Anti-Human EGFR Antigen Affinity-purified  Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF231) at 1 µg/mL for 3  hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the  NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody  (red; Catalog # <a class=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Flow, IHC

6 Publications
NBP2-13304
Western Blot: SGSM3 Antibody [NBP2-13304] - Lane 1: Marker  [kDa] 250, 130, 95, 72, 55, 36, 28, 17, 10.  Lane 2: Human cell line RT-4Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: SGSM3 Antibody [NBP2-13304] - Immunofluorescent staining of human cell line MCF7 shows localization to the Golgi apparatus.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

NBP2-24916
Western Blot: Catalase Antibody [NBP2-24916] - Analysis in liver lysate of 1) human 2) mouse and 3) rat at 0.1 ug/ml.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Catalase Antibody [NBP2-24916] - Staining of human liver tissue using an isotype control (top) and this antibody (bottom) at 5 ug/ml.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

     1 Review

4 Publications
210-TA/CF
1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA/CF) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human

421 Publications
NBP2-37576
Western Blot: c-jun Antibody (5B1) [NBP2-37576] - Western blot analysis using c-Jun mouse mAb against NIH/3T3 (1) and Cos7 (2) cell lysate.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: c-jun Antibody (5B1) [NBP2-37576] - Immunofluorescence analysis of PC-2 cells using c-Jun mouse mAb (green). Red: Actin filaments have been labeled with Alexa Fluor-555 phalloidin.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Primate
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

AF3978
<P align=left>Western blot shows lysates of MCF-7 human breast cancer cell line, HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, C2C12 mouse myoblast cell line, and PC-12 rat adrenal pheochromocytoma cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat IRS1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF3978) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=<P align=left>IRS1 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human liver cancer tissue using Goat Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat IRS1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF3978) at 15 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC

NB100-56749
Western Blot: AKT1 [p Ser473] Antibody (104A282) [NB100-56749] - Akt1 [p Ser473] Antibody (104A282) [NB100-56749] - Total protein from mouse 3T3 cells treated with and without PDGF (50 ng/ml) for the indicated times was separated on a 7.5% gel by SDS-PAGE, transferred to PVDF membrane and blocked in 5% non-fat milk in TBST. The membrane was probed with 2.0 ug/ml anti-AKT1 (NBP2-01725) and 2 ug/ml pS473 AKT1 in 1% BSA in TBST and detected with an anti-mouse HRP secondary antibody using chemiluminescence. Note the detection of phosphorylated AKT1 in response to PDGF treatment compared to total AKT1 protein.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: AKT1 [p Ser473] Antibody (104A282) [NB100-56749] - IHC analysis of a formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) human breast carcinoma tissue section using 1:250 dilution of pSer473 AKT1 antibody (clone 104A282) on a Bond Rx autostainer (Leica Biosystems). The assay involved 20 minutes of heat induced antigen retrieval (HIER) with 10mM sodium citrate buffer (pH 6.0) and endogenous peroxidase quenching using peroxide block. The sections were incubated with primary antibody for 30 minutes. Bond Polymer Refine Detection (Leica Biosystems) and DAB were used for signal detection which followed counterstaining with hematoxylin. Whole slide scanning and capturing of representative images (20X) were performed using Aperio AT2 (Leica Biosystems). This antibody generated a diffused cytoplasmic staining of phosphor-AKT (Ser-473) in the cancer cells as well as the stromal cells. Some cancer cells depicted nuclear stianing also. Staining was performed by Histowiz.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

     1 Review

8 Publications
NBP1-32108
Western Blot: CRAT Antibody [NBP1-32108] - Rat tissue extract (50 ug) was separated by 7.5% SDS-PAGE, and the membrane was blotted with CAT1 antibody  diluted at 1:500.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: CRAT Antibody [NBP1-32108] - Methanol-fixed H1299, using CRAT (NBP1-32108) antibody at 1:500 dilution.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF

NBP2-45897
Western Blot: GLYAT Antibody (4D1) [NBP2-45897] - Analysis of HEK293T cells were transfected with the pCMV6-ENTRY control (Left lane) or pCMV6-ENTRY GLYAT.Immunohistochemistry: GLYAT Antibody (4D1) [NBP2-45897] - Analysis of Carcinoma of Human liver tissue.(Heat-induced epitope retrieval by 1mM EDTA in 10mM Tris buffer (pH8.5) at 120C for 3 min)

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC