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Neuroprotection Pathway Bioinformatics

Neuroprotection is a mechanism of retaining brain function after a CNS disorder or injury by limiting the number of neurons that are affected in the event. Current research is focusing on using neuroprotection and neuroprotective agents against many debilitating diseases including schizophrenia, stroke, and Parkinson’s disease. Hypoxia and ischemia are also frequently studied for mechanisms of neuroprotection, and scientists have found that erythropoietin is an extremely effective glycoprotein in protecting the neurons from the glutamate toxicity that occurs as a result. Erythropoietin has also been shown to help protect peripheral nerve injuries, leading to the proliferation of Schwann cells through the JAK2 and ERK/MAPK pathways. Other neuroprotective factors include apoptosis inhibitors, free radical trappers and scavengers, endocannabinoids, and certain cellular signaling proteins such as PEBP. Physical methods are also used for neuroprotection, including pressure reduction for glaucoma and therapeutic hypothermia for patients with ischemia.

Neuroprotection Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Neuroprotection below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 3119 products for the study of the Neuroprotection Pathway that can be applied to Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Western Blot from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

NB300-605
Western Blot: iNOS Antibody [NB300-605] - Analysis of iNOS was performed by loading 20 ug of RAW264 whole cell lysate untreated (left lane) or stimulated with LPS at 1 ug/mL for 16 hours (right lane) and 10 uL of PageRuler Plus Prestained Protein Ladder onto a 4-20% Tris-Glycine polyacrylamide gel. Proteins were transferred to a nitrocellulose membrane and blocked with 5% Milk in TBST for at least 1 hour. The membrane was probed with an iNOS Rabbit polyclonal antibody at a dilution of 1:1000 overnight at 4C on a rocking platform, washed in TBST, and probed with a Goat anti-Rabbit IgG (H+L) Secondary Antibody, HRP conjugate at a dilution of 1:1000 for 1 hour. Chemiluminescent detection was performed using SuperSignal West Pico.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: iNOS Antibody [NB300-605] - Immunohistochemistry was performed on normal deparaffinized human Lung tissue.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, IB

     3 Reviews

79 Publications
NBP1-88191
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Carbonic Anhydrase I/CA1 Antibody [NBP1-88191] - Analysis in human rectum and pancreas tissues. Corresponding CA1 RNA-seq data are presented for the same tissues.Western Blot: Carbonic Anhydrase I/CA1 Antibody [NBP1-88191] - Comparative proteome analysis of 3xTg-AD and control samples at different stages of AD. Immunoblot analysis of most regulated hits. Soluble fractions of brain proteins were analyzed from four 2-month-old control and 3xTg-AD mice animals, respectively. Hebp1 and Glo1 levels were consistently elevated in the transgenic animals as compared to wild type controls. Ca1 levels were reduced in transgenic animals. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (https://elifesciences.org/articles/47498), licensed under a CC-BY licence.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

3 Publications
NBP2-13075
Immunohistochemistry: beta Amyloid Antibody (MOAB-2) [NBP2-13075] - IHC analysis of beta Amyloid on normal mouse brain (left) and 5xFAD mouse brain (right) using DAB with hematoxylin counterstain.  The MOAB-2 antibody was used at 1:20 on normal mouse brain and at 1:400 on 5xFAD mouse brain.Western Blot: beta Amyloid Antibody (MOAB-2) [NBP2-13075] - Analysis of beta Amyloid (MOAB-2) antibody in (1) 100 pmole beta Amyloid 42, (2) 5xFAD mouse brain homogenate Repetition 1 and (3) 5xFAD mouse brain homogenate Repetition 2.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, DB, ELISA

     2 Reviews

43 Publications
NB300-109
Immunohistochemistry: Tyrosine Hydroxylase Antibody [NB300-109] - Tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactivity in the central complex and the lateral accessory lobe. A-D: Frontal sections (immunoperoxidase preparations, dorsal to the top). E: Horizontal section (immunofluorescent preparation, posterior to the top). Scale bars = 100 um. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0160531), licensed under a CC-BY licence.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Tyrosine Hydroxylase Antibody [NB300-109] - Dopamine neurons in the mouse substantia nigra. ICC/IF image submitted by a verified customer review.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, ICC/IF

     7 Reviews

169 Publications
NBP2-22203
Western Blot: ERK1 Antibody (1E5) [NBP2-22203] - Western blot analysis of whole cell lysates from (1) MCF7 (2) NIH3T3 cell lines using ERK1 antibody (clone 1E5) at 1:1000 dilution. The signal was developed using HRP labeled goat-anti Mouse secondary antibody with ECL based detection. Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: ERK1 Antibody (1E5) [NBP2-22203] - Analysis of NIH/3T3 cells using ERK1 mouse mAb (green). Blue: DRAQ5 fluorescent DNA dye. Red: Actin filaments have been labeled with Alexa Fluor-555 phalloidin.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

NB100-56098
Western Blot: Bcl-2 Antibody [NB100-56098] - Analysis of Bcl-2 in whole cell lysate from Daoy cells. Cells were transfected with (1) scrambled control siRNA or (2) Bcl-2 siRNA. Image from verified customer review.Western Blot: Bcl-2 Antibody [NB100-56098] - EA reduced MPP+-induced dopaminergic neuronal apoptosis by increasing BDNF (brain-derived neurotrophic factor) expression and further Akt phosphorylation in the rat substantia nigra. Eight days after MPP+ administration, our Western blot results (MAB7566) show that MPP+ treatment reduced tyrosine hydroxylase and Bcl-2 expression in the ipsilateral side of the rat substantia nigra (SN), but not in the contralateral side. EA stimulation (50 Hz) enhanced mature BDNF, tyrosine hydroxylase, and Bcl-2 expression in the MPP+-treated ipsilateral side. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/18/9/1846), licensed under a CC-BY licence.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

     2 Reviews

13 Publications
NB100-56708
Western Blot: Caspase-3 Antibody (31A1067) - (Pro and Active) [NB100-56708] - Image of Caspase-3 Antibody (31A1067) - (Pro and Active).  Whole cell protein from Jurkat cells treated with and without 2 uM staurosporine as indicated was separated on a 4-15% gel by SDS-PAGE, transferred to 0.2 um PVDF membrane and blocked in 5% non-fat milk in TBST.  The membrane was probed with 5 ug/ml anti-Caspase 3 in 1% milk, and detected with an anti-mouse HRP secondary antibody using a Femto sensitivity chemiluminescence reagent.  Note the detection of both pro-caspase 3 at 35 kDa and the cleaved active caspase 3 at 15-17 kDa.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Caspase-3 Antibody (31A1067) - (Pro and Active) [NB100-56708] - Tissue section of human spleen using 1:200 dilution of Caspase-3 antibody (clone 31A1067). The staining was developed with HRP labeled anti-mouse IgG secondary antibody and DAB reagent, and nuclei of cells were counter-stained with hematoxylin. This Caspase 3 antibody generated primarily a specific cytoplasmic staining in a subset of spleenocytes with some nuclear signal in a few cells.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, EM

     2 Reviews

166 Publications
AF887
Western blot shows lysates of NIH‑3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 100 ng/mL Human PDGF (Catalog #<A class=NoLineLink href=Simple Western lane view shows lysates of MCF‑7 human breast cancer cell line and A549 human lung carcinoma cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 100 ng/mL Recombinant Human IGF‑I (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

26 Publications
MEP00B
 Erythropoietin/EPO [HRP] Erythropoietin/EPO [HRP]


Species Mouse
Applications ELISA

     3 Reviews

91 Publications
DVE00
 VEGF [HRP] VEGF [HRP]


Species Human
Applications ELISA

     26 Reviews

580 Publications
D6050
 IL-6 [HRP] IL-6 [HRP]


Species Human
Applications ELISA

     32 Reviews

591 Publications
212-GD/CF
Recombinant Human GDNF (Catalog # 212‑GD/CF) induces SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cell proliferation in the presence of Recombinant Human GFR alpha ‑1 Fc Chimera (Catalog # <a class=<p align=


Species Human
Applications Bind, BA

144 Publications
267-N3/CF
1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human NT-3 was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 14 kDa.Recombinant Human NT-3 (Catalog #<br>267‑N3/CF) stimulates cell proliferation in the BaF mouse pro-B cell line transfected with TrkB. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 1-10 ng/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

56 Publications
210-TA
1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     36 Reviews

704 Publications
NB300-141
Immunohistochemistry: GFAP Antibody [NB300-141] - Analysis of a rat cerebellum section stained with rabbit polyclonal antibody to GFAP, NB300-141, dilution 1:5000 in green and mouse monoclonal antibody to MeCP2, dilution 1:500, in red. The blue is DAPI staining of nuclear DNA. Following transcardial perfusion of rat with 4% paraformaldehyde, brain was post fixed for 1 hour, cut to 45 uM, and free-floating sections were stained with above antibodies. The GFAP antibody stains the network of astrocytic cells and the processes of Bergmann glia in the molecular layer. The MeCP2 antibody specifically labels nuclei of certain neurons.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: GFAP Antibody [NB300-141] - Rat neurons stained with Neurofilament Heavy antibody NB300-217 (red) and GFAP antibody NB300-141 (green).

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, ICC/IF

     12 Reviews

79 Publications
NBP2-67360
Western Blot: ERK2 Antibody (SZ25-01) [NBP2-67360] - Western blot analysis of ERK2 on different lysates. Proteins were transferred to a PVDF membrane and blocked with 5% BSA in PBS for 1 hour at room temperature. The primary antibody (1/500) was used in 5% BSA at room temperature for 2 hours. Goat Anti-RabbImmunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: ERK2 Antibody (SZ25-01) [NBP2-67360] - Staining ERK2 in NIH/3T3 cells (green). The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue). Cells were fixed in paraformaldehyde, permeabilised with 0.25% Triton X100/PBS.

Rabbit Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

     1 Review

248-BDB
2 μg/lane of Recombinant Human BDNF was resolved with SDS-PAGE underreducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized by Coomassie® Bluestaining, showing bands at 13-14 kDa and 11-12 kDa, respectively.    Recombinant Human  BDNF (Catalog #    248-BDB) stimulates cell proliferation in  the BaF mouse pro-B cell line transfected with TrkB. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 0.2‑2 ng/mL.


Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications Bind, BA

     1 Review

189 Publications
NB600-1287
Western Blot: FGF R1 Antibody (M19B2) [NB600-1287] - Analysis of MCF7 (A), HepG2 (B), NIH3T3 (C), and PC-12 (D) cell lysate using FGF R1 antibody at 2 ug/ml.Flow Cytometry: FGF R1 Antibody (M19B2) [NB600-1287] - Analysis using the Alexa Fluor 488 (R) conjugate of NB600-1287. Staining of FGF R1 in HEK293 and HEK293 FGFR transfected cells using anti-FGF R1 antibody. (Red) Positive cells, (Green) Negative cells, (Blue) Negative cells + antibody, (Pink) Positive cells + antibody. Image from verified customer review.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

     1 Review

7 Publications