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Neuroprotection Pathway Bioinformatics

Neuroprotection is a mechanism of retaining brain function after a CNS disorder or injury by limiting the number of neurons that are affected in the event. Current research is focusing on using neuroprotection and neuroprotective agents against many debilitating diseases including schizophrenia, stroke, and Parkinson’s disease. Hypoxia and ischemia are also frequently studied for mechanisms of neuroprotection, and scientists have found that erythropoietin is an extremely effective glycoprotein in protecting the neurons from the glutamate toxicity that occurs as a result. Erythropoietin has also been shown to help protect peripheral nerve injuries, leading to the proliferation of Schwann cells through the JAK2 and ERK/MAPK pathways. Other neuroprotective factors include apoptosis inhibitors, free radical trappers and scavengers, endocannabinoids, and certain cellular signaling proteins such as PEBP. Physical methods are also used for neuroprotection, including pressure reduction for glaucoma and therapeutic hypothermia for patients with ischemia.

Top Research Reagents

We have 3913 products for the study of the Neuroprotection Pathway that can be applied to Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP), Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/ Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Western Blot from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

NB300-605
Western Blot: iNOS Antibody [NB300-605] - Analysis of iNOS was performed by loading 20 ug of RAW264 whole cell lysate untreated (left lane) or stimulated with LPS at 1 ug/mL for 16 hours (right lane) and 10 uL of PageRuler Plus Prestained Protein Ladder onto a 4-20% Tris-Glycine polyacrylamide gel. Proteins were transferred to a nitrocellulose membrane and blocked with 5% Milk in TBST for at least 1 hour. The membrane was probed with an iNOS Rabbit polyclonal antibody at a dilution of 1:1000 overnight at 4C on a rocking platform, washed in TBST, and probed with a Goat anti-Rabbit IgG (H+L) Secondary Antibody, HRP conjugate at a dilution of 1:1000 for 1 hour. Chemiluminescent detection was performed using SuperSignal West Pico.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: iNOS Antibody [NB300-605] - Immunohistochemistry was performed on normal deparaffinized human Lung tissue.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, IB

     3 Reviews

119 Publications
D6050B
N/A IL-6 [HRP]N/A IL-6 [HRP]


Species Human

747 Publications
NBP1-88191
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Carbonic Anhydrase I/CA1 Antibody [NBP1-88191] - Analysis in human rectum and pancreas tissues. Corresponding CA1 RNA-seq data are presented for the same tissues.Western Blot: Carbonic Anhydrase I/CA1 Antibody [NBP1-88191] - Comparative proteome analysis of 3xTg-AD and control samples at different stages of AD. Immunoblot analysis of most regulated hits. Soluble fractions of brain proteins were analyzed from four 2-month-old control and 3xTg-AD mice animals, respectively. Hebp1 and Glo1 levels were consistently elevated in the transgenic animals as compared to wild type controls. Ca1 levels were reduced in transgenic animals. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (https://elifesciences.org/articles/47498), licensed under a CC-BY license.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

3 Publications
NBP2-13075
IHC analysis of beta Amyloid on normal mouse brain (left) and 5xFAD mouse brain (right) using DAB with hematoxylin counterstain.  The MOAB-2 antibody was used at 1:20 on normal mouse brain and at 1:400 on 5xFAD mouse brain.Analysis of beta Amyloid (MOAB-2) antibody in (1) 100 pmole beta Amyloid 42, (2) 5xFAD mouse brain homogenate Repetition 1 and (3) 5xFAD mouse brain homogenate Repetition 2.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, DB, ELISA

     2 Reviews

63 Publications
NB300-109
Tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactivity in the central complex and the lateral accessory lobe. A-D: Frontal sections (immunoperoxidase preparations, dorsal to the top). E: Horizontal section (immunofluorescent preparation, posterior to the top). Scale bars = 100 um. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0160531), licensed under a CC-BY license.Dopamine neurons in the mouse substantia nigra. ICC/IF image submitted by a verified customer review.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, ICC/IF

     7 Reviews

217 Publications
NBP2-22203
Western Blot: ERK1 Antibody (1E5) [NBP2-22203] - Western blot analysis of whole cell lysates from (1) MCF7 (2) NIH3T3 cell lines using ERK1 antibody (clone 1E5) at 1:1000 dilution. The signal was developed using HRP labeled goat-anti Mouse secondary antibody with ECL based detection. Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: ERK1 Antibody (1E5) [NBP2-22203] - Analysis of NIH/3T3 cells using ERK1 mouse mAb (green). Blue: DRAQ5 fluorescent DNA dye. Red: Actin filaments have been labeled with Alexa Fluor-555 phalloidin.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

1 Publication
NB100-56098
Western Blot: Bcl-2 Antibody [NB100-56098] - Analysis of Bcl-2 in whole cell lysate from Daoy cells. Cells were transfected with (1) scrambled control siRNA or (2) Bcl-2 siRNA. Image from verified customer review.Western Blot: Bcl-2 Antibody [NB100-56098] - EA reduced MPP+-induced dopaminergic neuronal apoptosis by increasing BDNF (brain-derived neurotrophic factor) expression and further Akt phosphorylation in the rat substantia nigra. Eight days after MPP+ administration, our Western blot results (MAB7566) show that MPP+ treatment reduced tyrosine hydroxylase and Bcl-2 expression in the ipsilateral side of the rat substantia nigra (SN), but not in the contralateral side. EA stimulation (50 Hz) enhanced mature BDNF, tyrosine hydroxylase, and Bcl-2 expression in the MPP+-treated ipsilateral side. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/18/9/1846), licensed under a CC-BY license.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

     2 Reviews

23 Publications
AF887
Western blot shows lysates of NIH‑3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 100 ng/mL Human PDGF (Catalog #<A class=NoLineLink href=Akt phosphorylated at S473 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human breast cancer tissue using Rabbit Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat Phospho-Akt (S473) Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF887) at 10 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Rabbit HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

32 Publications
MAB1230
Western blot shows lysates of HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line, MCF‑7 human breast cancer cell line, U937 human histiocytic lymphoma cell line,<br>PC‑12 rat adrenal pheochromocytoma cell line, and NIH‑3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Mouse Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat ERK2 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB1230) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=    ERK2  was detected in immersion fixed 3T3‑L1 mouse embryonic fibroblast  adipose-like cell line using Mouse Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat ERK2 Monoclonal  Antibody (Catalog # MAB1230) at 3 µg/mL for 3 hours at  room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™  557-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog #  <a class=

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

AF835
Caspase‑3 was detected in immersion fixed anti-FAS treated Jurkat human acute T cell leukemia cell line using 0.3 µg/mL Human/Mouse Active Caspase‑3 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF835) for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained (red) and counterstained (green). View our protocol for <A class=Caspase‑3 was detected in immersion fixed Jurkat human acute T cell leukemia cell line stimulated with staurosporin using Human/Mouse Active Caspase‑3 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF835) at 10 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Rabbit IgG Secondary Antibody (yellow; Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications IHC, ICC

     7 Reviews

210 Publications
MEP00B
N/A Erythropoietin/EPO [HRP]N/A Erythropoietin/EPO [HRP]


Species Mouse
Applications ELISA

102 Publications
DVE00
N/A VEGF [HRP]N/A VEGF [HRP]


Species Human
Applications ELISA

664 Publications
212-GD
Recombinant human GDNF (Catalog # 212-GD) has a molecular weight (MW) of 27.5 kDa as analyzed by SEC-MALS, suggesting that this protein is a homodimer.  MW may differ from predicted MW due to post-translational modifications (PTMs) present (i.e. Glycosylation).Recombinant Human GDNF (Catalog # 212-GD) induces SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cell proliferation in the presence of Recombinant Human GFRa-1 Fc Chimera (Catalog # <a class=


Species Human
Applications Bind, BA

194 Publications
267-N3


Species Human
Applications BA

71 Publications
210-TA
Recombinant Human TNF-alpha (Catalog # 210-TA) has a molecular weight (MW) of 53.1 kDa as analyzed by SEC-MALS, suggesting that this protein is a homotrimer.  MW may differ from predicted MW due to post-translational modifications (PTMs) present (i.e. Glycosylation).Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     3 Reviews

791 Publications
NB300-141
Immunohistochemistry: GFAP Antibody [NB300-141] - Analysis of a rat cerebellum section stained with rabbit polyclonal antibody to GFAP, NB300-141, dilution 1:5000 in green and mouse monoclonal antibody to MeCP2, dilution 1:500, in red. The blue is DAPI staining of nuclear DNA. Following transcardial perfusion of rat with 4% paraformaldehyde, brain was post fixed for 1 hour, cut to 45 uM, and free-floating sections were stained with above antibodies. The GFAP antibody stains the network of astrocytic cells and the processes of Bergmann glia in the molecular layer. The MeCP2 antibody specifically labels nuclei of certain neurons.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: GFAP Antibody [NB300-141] - Rat neurons stained with Neurofilament Heavy antibody NB300-217 (red) and GFAP antibody NB300-141 (green).

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, ICC/IF

     12 Reviews

102 Publications
248-BDB
Equivalent bioactivity of CHO-derived (<a class=NoLineLink href=


Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications Bind, BA

228 Publications
NB600-1287
Western Blot: FGF R1 Antibody (M19B2) [NB600-1287] - Analysis of MCF7 (A), HepG2 (B), NIH3T3 (C), and PC-12 (D) cell lysate using FGF R1 antibody at 2 ug/ml.Flow Cytometry: FGF R1 Antibody (M19B2) [NB600-1287] - Analysis using the Alexa Fluor 488 (R) conjugate of NB600-1287. Staining of FGF R1 in HEK293 and HEK293 FGFR transfected cells using anti-FGF R1 antibody. (Red) Positive cells, (Green) Negative cells, (Blue) Negative cells + antibody, (Pink) Positive cells + antibody. Image from verified customer review.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

     1 Review

7 Publications