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Tonic-clonic Epilepsy: Disease Bioinformatics

Epilepsy is defined as a diverse set of neurological disorders characterized by seizures. These seizures occur due to abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Factors that may lead to epilepsy include, but are not limited to, brain trauma, gene mutations, strokes, brain cancer, and extensive drug and alcohol use. Seizures occur due to a large release of glutamate, which causes a spread of excitation throughout the brain, which propagates the electrical signal and can lead to neuronal death. Tonic-clonic epilepsy is a type of generalized epilepsy, or epilepsy that affects the entire brain. Tonic-clonic epilepsy is characterized by the tonic phase of the seizure, where the person loses consciousness and has their entire body tense up, which is followed by the clonic phase of the seizure, where the person experiences convulsions which can be a little as twitches or as severe as violent shaking of the limbs. Some tonic-clonic seizures may be introduced with an aura, in which the person experiences an abnormal feeling due to a simple partial seizure that is the precursor to the tonic-clonic seizure. The SCN1A gene is affected by tonic-clonic epilepsy. About 50 million people have epilepsy, with 80% of that population located in developing countries. It is possible to control epilepsy with medicine, but many cases may require surgery in order to relieve symptoms.

Tonic-clonic Epilepsy Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Tonic-clonic Epilepsy below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 1356 products for the study of Tonic-clonic Epilepsy that can be applied to Western Blot, Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

7954-GM/CF


Species Human

1 Publication
NBP2-42388
Western Blot: LAMC2 Antibody (CL2980) [NBP2-42388] - Analysis in A-431 cells transfected with control siRNA, target specific siRNA probe #1 and #2, using Anti-LAMC2 antibody. Remaining relative intensity is presented. Loading control: Anti-GAPDH.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: LAMC2 Antibody (CL2980) [NBP2-42388] - Staining in human fallopian tube and liver tissues. Corresponding LAMC2 RNA-seq data are presented for the same tissues.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

NB100-1533
Western Blot: POMC Antibody [NB100-1533] - Western blot analysis of POMC using NB100-1533 at 0.01ug/ml in NIH 3T3 lysate (35ug protein in RIPA buffer). Primary incubation was 1 hour. Detected by chemiluminescence.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: POMC Antibody [NB100-1533] - Analysis in human Anterior Pituitary Gland shows vesilulate staining in glandular cells.

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Porcine
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

7 Publications
NBP2-02142
Western Blot: Prolactin Antibody (6B1) [NBP2-02142] - HEK293T cells were transfected with the pCMV6-ENTRY control (Left lane) or pCMV6-ENTRY Prolactin (Right lane) cDNA for 48 hrs and lysed. Equivalent amounts of cell lysates (5 ug per lane) were separated by SDS-PAGE and immunoblotted with anti-Prolactin.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Prolactin Antibody (6B1) [NBP2-02142] Staining of COS7 cells transiently transfected by pCMV6-ENTRY Prolactin.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

NBP2-58876
Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Scn1a Antibody [NBP2-58876] - Staining of human cell line ASC TERT1 shows localization to nucleoplasm & plasma membrane. Antibody staining is shown in green.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications ICC/IF

664-LI
<p align=<P align=left>Recombinant Human LIGHT/TNFSF14 (Catalog # 664-LI) stimulates cell proliferation in HUVEC human umbilical vein endothelial cells. The ED<SUB>50</SUB> is 1-4 ng/mL.</P>


Species Human

12 Publications
NBP1-51843
Western Blot: Aurora A Antibody [NBP1-51843] - WB detection of Aurora A in HeLa whole cell lysate.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Aurora A Antibody [NBP1-51843] - IF Confocal analysis of HeLa cells using Aurora A antibody (NBP1-51843, 1:10). An Alexa Fluor 488-conjugated Goat to rabbit IgG was used as secondary antibody (green). Actin filaments were labeled with Alexa Fluor 568 phalloidin (red). DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue).

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, Simple Western, ICC/IF

     1 Review

5 Publications
NB100-65214

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications ELISA, ICC/IF, IHC

MAB1106

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ELISA(Cap), ELISA(Det)

2 Publications
H00003347-M01
Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Histatin 3 Antibody (4G9) [H00003347-M01] - Analysis of monoclonal antibody to HTN3 on HeLa cell. Antibody concentration 10 ug/ml.Sandwich ELISA: Histatin 3 Antibody (4G9) [H00003347-M01] - Detection limit for recombinant GST tagged HTN3 is approximately 3ng/ml as a capture antibody.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications ELISA, ICC/IF

1 Publication
NBP2-24916
Western Blot: Catalase Antibody [NBP2-24916] - Analysis in liver lysate of 1) human 2) mouse and 3) rat at 0.1 ug/ml.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Catalase Antibody [NBP2-24916] - Staining of human liver tissue using an isotype control (top) and this antibody (bottom) at 5 ug/ml.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

     1 Review

4 Publications
NBP1-49045
Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: CD8 alpha Antibody (53-6.7) [NBP1-49045] - Analysis of immersion fixed splenocytes. Primary antibody was used at a dilution of 10 ug/ml and incubated for 3 hours at room temperature.Immunohistochemistry-Frozen: CD8 alpha Antibody (53-6.7) [NBP1-49045] - Analysis of CD8+ T cells in allogeneic skin grafted onto a mouse.

Rat Monoclonal
Species Mouse, Rat
Applications Flow, ICC/IF, IHC

     2 Reviews

11 Publications
NBP2-75563
Western Blot: MAL Antibody (B5-G3) [NBP2-75563] - Analysis of MAL on mouse kidney (1) and mouse lymphatic vessels (2) tissue lysate using anti-MAL antibody at 1/1,000 dilution.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: MAL Antibody (B5-G3) [NBP2-75563] - Analysis of paraffin-embedded rat kidney tissue using anti-MAL antibody. Counter stained with hematoxylin.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, IHC

NBP2-26245
TIRAP (TLR2 and TLR4) Inhibitor Peptide [NBP2-26245] - TLR2 acts through formation of heterodimer complexes with TLR1 or TLR6. HEK 293 endogenously expresses TLR1 and TLR6, so that the TLR2 reporter cell line can response to both Pam3CSK4 (TLR2/TLR1 specific ligand) and MALP-2 (TLR2/TLR6 specific ligand). The TLR2 / TLR4 inhibitor specifically inhibits TLR2/TLR1 receptor complex activity in a dose-response manner but exhibited no or little effect on TLR2/TLR6 receptor complex activity.TIRAP (TLR2 and TLR4) Inhibitor Peptide [NBP2-26245] - The TLR4 reporter cell line responds to LPS. The TLR2 / TLR4 inhibitor specifically inhibits TLR4 activation upon LPS stimulation in a dose-response manner.


Species Human, Mouse

4 Publications
NBP1-88498
Western Blot: Mkl1 Antibody [NBP1-88498] - Analysis in U-251MG cells transfected with control siRNA, target specific siRNA probe #1 and #2. Remaining relative intensity is presented. Loading control: Anti-GAPDH.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Mkl1 Antibody [NBP1-88498] - Immunofluorescent staining of human cell line A-431 shows localization to nucleoplasm. Antibody staining is shown in green.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

6 Publications
NBP1-86614
Western Blot: CRAT Antibody [NBP1-86614] - Lane 1: Marker [kDa] 230, 130, 95, 72, 56, 36, 28, 17, 11<br/>Lane 2: Human cell line RT-4<br/>Lane 3: Human cell line U-251MG sp<br/>Lane 4: Human plasma (IgG/HSA depleted)<br/>Lane 5: Human liver tissueImmunohistochemistry-Paraffin: CRAT Antibody [NBP1-86614] - Staining of human tonsil shows low expression as expected.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

NBP2-55298
Western Blot: GLYAT Antibody [NBP2-55298] - Analysis in human cell line RT-4 and human cell line U-251 MG.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: GLYAT Antibody [NBP2-55298] - Staining in human kidney and skeletal muscle tissues using anti-GLYAT antibody. Corresponding GLYAT RNA-seq data are presented for the same tissues.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

NBP2-42173
Western Blot: NHLRC1 Antibody (S85-18) [NBP2-42173] - analysis of Monkey COS cells transfected with flag-tagged Malin showing detection of 42 kDa Malin protein using Mouse Anti-Malin Monoclonal Antibody, Clone S85-18. Lane 1: Molecular Weight Ladder. Lane 2: Monkey COS cells transfected with flag-tagged Malin. Load: 15 ug. Block: 2% BSA and 2% Skim Milk in 1X TBST. Primary Antibody: Mouse Anti-Malin Monoclonal Antibody at 1:200 for 16 hours at 4C. Secondary Antibody: Goat Anti-Mouse IgG: HRP at 1:1000 for 1 hour RT. Color Development: ECL solution for 6 min in RT. Predicted/Observed Size: 42 kDa.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: NHLRC1 Antibody (S85-18) [NBP2-42173] - Tissue: Neuroblastoma cell line SK-N-BE. Species: Human. Fixation: 4% Formaldehyde for 15 min at RT. Primary Antibody: Mouse Anti-Malin Monoclonal Antibody at 1:100 for 60 min at RT. Secondary Antibody: Goat Anti-Mouse ATTO 488 at 1:100 for 60 min at RT. Counterstain: Phalloidin Texas Red F-Actin stain; DAPI (blue) nuclear stain at 1:1000, 1:5000 for 60min RT, 5min RT. Localization: Cytoplasm, Endoplasmic Reticulum. Magnification: 60X.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ICC/IF, ICC

AF1408
Western blot shows lysates of human colon tissue, PC‑12 rat adrenal pheochromocytoma cell line, A549 human lung carcinoma cell line, and SK‑BR‑3 human breast cancer cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human/Rat Cystatin B Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1408) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=Simple Western lane view shows lysates of A549 human lung carcinoma cell line, loaded at 0.2 mg/mL. A specific band was detected for Cystatin B at approximately 18 kDa (as indicated) using 10 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human/Rat Cystatin B Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1408) followed by 1:50 dilution of HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

1 Publication
NBP1-88191
Western Blot: Carbonic Anhydrase I/CA1 Antibody [NBP1-88191] - Analysis in human cell line HELA.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Carbonic Anhydrase I/CA1 Antibody [NBP1-88191] - Staining in human rectum and pancreas tissues using anti-CA1 antibody. Corresponding CA1 RNA-seq data are presented for the same tissues.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P


Related Genes

Tonic-clonic Epilepsy has been researched against:

Related PTMs

Tonic-clonic Epilepsy has been studied in relation to posttranslational modifications (PTMs) including:

Alternate Names

Tonic-clonic Epilepsy is also known as Clonic-tonic Convulsions, Convulsions, Grand Mal, Epilepsy Grand Mal, Epilepsy, Grand Mal, Epilepsy, Major.