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Chagas Disease: Disease Bioinformatics

Chagas Disease is a parasitic disease caused by coming in contact with the feces of an infected triatomine bug. It can also be caused organ transplant and blood transfusions from infected donors. The bug is common in areas with poor housing; thus, there is an endemic in Central and South America. Chagas Disease is most common in children and starts in an acute stage. During this stage, symptoms can be unnoticeable, but can include fever, rash, and headache. The acute stage last from a few weeks to a few months and then transitions to the chronic stage. The symptoms of chronic Chagas Disease are irregular heartbeat, congestive heart failure, and difficulty swallowing. When in the acute stage, Chagas Disease can be treated with medications that focus on killing the parasite. During the chronic stage, it cannot be treated with medications, but the symptoms of Chagas disease can be treated by targeting that specific problem.

Chagas Disease Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Chagas Disease below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 4685 products for the study of Chagas Disease that can be applied to Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Western Blot from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

NB300-605
Western Blot: iNOS Antibody [NB300-605] - Analysis of iNOS was performed by loading 20 ug of RAW264 whole cell lysate untreated (left lane) or stimulated with LPS at 1 ug/mL for 16 hours (right lane) and 10 uL of PageRuler Plus Prestained Protein Ladder onto a 4-20% Tris-Glycine polyacrylamide gel. Proteins were transferred to a nitrocellulose membrane and blocked with 5% Milk in TBST for at least 1 hour. The membrane was probed with an iNOS Rabbit polyclonal antibody at a dilution of 1:1000 overnight at 4C on a rocking platform, washed in TBST, and probed with a Goat anti-Rabbit IgG (H+L) Secondary Antibody, HRP conjugate at a dilution of 1:1000 for 1 hour. Chemiluminescent detection was performed using SuperSignal West Pico.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: iNOS Antibody [NB300-605] - Immunohistochemistry was performed on normal deparaffinized human Lung tissue.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, IB

     3 Reviews

79 Publications
NB100-524
Western Blot: NOD2 Antibody (2D9) [NB100-524] - HCMV infection induces NOD2 mRNA and protein in HFFs and U373 cells. E. U373 glioma cells were infected with HCMV Towne strain and levels of NOD1, NOD2 and GAPDH mRNAs were measured by qRT-PCR at indicated time points. F. HFFs were infected with HCMV (Towne) at MOI of 1 PFU/cell and levels of NOD2 protein and B-actin were determined 48 and 72 hpi. G. HFFs were infected with HCMV (Towne) strain at MOI of 0.03 or 3 PFU/cell and levels of NOD2 protein and B-actin were determined at 48 hpi. Quantitative data represent mean values (+/-SD) of triplicate determinations from three independent experiments (*p<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001, one-way ANOVA test). Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the following publication (//doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092704.g001) licensed under a CC-BY licence.Western Blot: NOD2 Antibody (2D9) [NB100-524] - Total protein from human THP1 and US-OS cells and mouse Raw264.7 cells was separated on a 7.5% gel by SDS-PAGE, transferred to PVDF membrane and blocked in 5% non-fat milk in TBST. The membrane was probed with 2.0 ug/ml anti-NOD2 in 1% non-fat milk in TBST and detected with an anti-mouse HRP secondary antibody using chemiluminescence.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

     1 Review

23 Publications
NBP1-49045
Flow Cytometry: CD8 Antibody (53-6.7) [NBP1-49045] - CD8 alpha Antibody (53-6.7) [NBP1-49045] - Analysis of lymph nodes by multiple staining.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: CD8 Antibody (53-6.7) [NBP1-49045] - CD8 alpha Antibody (53-6.7) [NBP1-49045] - CD8 alpha expression in mouse spleen tissue using anti-CD8 alpha antibody. Image from verified customer review.

Rat Monoclonal
Species Mouse, Rat
Applications Flow, ICC/IF, IHC

     3 Reviews

17 Publications
NBP2-02541
Western Blot: Glucose 6 phosphate isomerase Antibody (2D2) [NBP2-02541] Analysis of extracts (35ug) from 9 different cell lines by using anti-Glucose 6 phosphate isomerasemonoclonal antibody.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Glucose 6 phosphate isomerase Antibody (2D2) [NBP2-02541] - Staining of COS7 cells transiently transfected by pCMV6-ENTRY Glucose 6 phosphate isomerase.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

NBP2-02710
Western Blot: Thromboxane synthase Antibody (2C1) [NBP2-02710] Analysis of extracts (35ug) from 9 different cell lines by using anti-Thromboxane synthase monoclonal antibody.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Thromboxane synthase Antibody (2C1) [NBP2-02710] - Staining of COS7 cells transiently transfected by pCMV6-ENTRY Thromboxane synthase.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

1 Publication
NBP2-24653
Western Blot: GNPDA1 Antibody [NBP2-24653] - analysis of GNPDA1 in human spleen lysate in the 1) absence and 2) presence of immunizing peptide 3) mouse spleen and 4) rat spleen using GNPDA1 antibody at 1.0 ug/ml, 0.5 ug/ml and 0.5 ug/ml, respectively.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: GNPDA1 Antibody [NBP2-24653] - Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded human kidney tissue stained with GNPDA1 antibody at 10 ug/ml. Staining of formalin-fixed tissues is enhanced by boiling tissue sections in 10 mM sodium citrate buffer, pH 6.0 for 10-20 min followed by cooling at RT for 20 min.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

AF3398
Western blot shows lysates of Jurkat human acute T cell leukemia cell line, Raji human Burkitt's lymphoma cell line, HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line, NIH‑3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line, A20 mouse B cell lymphoma cell line, and<br>Rat‑2 rat embryonic fibroblast cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 0.5 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat Catalase Antigen Affinity‑purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF3398) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti‑Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=Simple Western lane view shows lysates of Jurkat human acute T cell leukemia cell line and Raji human Burkitt's lymphoma cell line, loaded at 0.2 mg/mL. A specific band was detected for Catalase at approximately 62 kDa (as indicated) using 5 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat Catalase Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF3398) followed by 1:50 dilution of HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, ICC

     7 Reviews

5 Publications
7268-CT
Recombinant Human CTLA-4 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 7268-CT) inhibits IL-2 secretion by stimulated Jurkat human acute Tcell leukemia cells. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 0.03-0.15 μg/mL whenstimulated with 1 μg/mL Recombinant Human B7‑1/CD80 Fc Chimera (Catalog # <a class=


Species Human
Applications BA

     3 Reviews

2 Publications
6507-IL/CF
Measured in a cell proliferation assay using TF‑1 human erythroleukemic cells. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 0.05-0.2 ng/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

3 Publications
D6050
 IL-6 [HRP] IL-6 [HRP]


Species Human
Applications ELISA

     32 Reviews

590 Publications
285-IF
Recombinant Human IFN-gamma  (Catalog # 285‑IF) demonstrates anti-viral activity in HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cells infected with encephalomyocarditis (EMC) virus. The activity is over 2-fold greater than the top competitor's IFN-gamma .1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human IFN-gamma  was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 17 kDa.


Species Human
Applications BA

     21 Reviews

384 Publications
210-TA
1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     36 Reviews

702 Publications
202-IL
1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human IL-2 was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 13 kDa.Recombinant Human IL-2 (Catalog # 202-IL) stimulates cell proliferation of the CTLL‑2 mouse cytotoxic T cell line. The ED<SUB>50</SUB> for this effect is 0.05-0.25 ng/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     26 Reviews

333 Publications
DY417
 IL-10 [Biotin]


Species Mouse
Applications ELISA

     9 Reviews

231 Publications
NBP2-47415
Western Blot: ISYNA1 Antibody [NBP2-47415] - Lane 1: Marker [kDa] 250, 130, 100, 70, 55, 35, 25, 15, 10<br/>Lane 2: Human cell line HEK 293Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: ISYNA1 Antibody [NBP2-47415] - Immunofluorescent staining of human cell line HEK 293 shows localization to nucleus & cytosol.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

NBP2-34390
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Thymidylate Synthase Antibody (SPM453) [NBP2-34390] - Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human testicular carcinoma stained with Thymidylate Synthase Mouse Monoclonal Antibody (SPM453).Flow (Intracellular): Thymidylate Synthase Antibody (SPM453) [NBP2-34390] - An intracellular stain was performed on HEK293 cells with Thymidylate Synthase Antibody [SPM453] NBP2-34441PE (blue) and a matched isotype control (orange). Cells were fixed with 4% PFA and then permeablized with 0.1% saponin. Cells were incubated in an antibody dilution of 2.5 ug/mL for 30 minutes at room temperature. Both antibodies were conjugated to Phycoerythrin. Image using the Azide and BSA Free format of this antibody.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

     1 Review

NBP1-19371
Immunohistochemistry: CD4 Antibody [NBP1-19371] - Increased CD3+ and CD4+ T-cell occurrence in the brainstem of SHR-72 transgenic rat model for tauopathies. (A-D) Immunofluorescence staining showed CD4+ T-cells in SHR-72 transgenic animals. (E- H) Immunofluorescence staining showed more perivascular than brain parenchyma infiltrating CD4+ T-cells in SHR-72 transgenic animals. PLoS One. 2019 May 23;14(5):e0217216. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0217216.Immunohistochemistry: CD4 Antibody [NBP1-19371] - DBZ inhibits the accumulation of CD4+ T cells and Th2 differentiation in the AAAs. (B) The representation of immunohistochemical staining for CD4+ in abdominal aorta from four groups (left). Bar graphs show the percentage of CD4+ positive cell areas (right; n=3 per group). Bar: 50 um.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, Flow

     9 Reviews

37 Publications
NBP1-22439
Western Blot: Cav1.2 Antibody (S57) [NBP1-22439] - Analysis of Hamster T-CHO cell lysate showing detection of CaV1.2 Calcium Channel protein using Mouse Anti-CaV1.2 Calcium Channel Monoclonal Antibody, Clone S57. Primary Antibody: Mouse Anti-CaV1.2 Calcium Channel Monoclonal Antibody at 1:1000.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Cav1.2 Antibody (S57) [NBP1-22439] - Tissue: SK-N-BE Cells (Human Neuroblastoma cells). Species: Human. Fixation: 4% Formaldehyde for 15 min at RT. Primary Antibody: Mouse Anti-Cav1.2 Monoclonal Antibody at 1:100 for 60 min at RT. Secondary Antibody: Goat Anti-Mouse ATTO 488 at 1:200 for 60 min at RT. Counterstain: Phalloidin Texas Red F-Actin stain; DAPI (blue) nuclear stain at 1:1000, 1:5000 for 60 min at RT, 5 min at RT. Localization: Cell Membrane, Membrane, Cytoplasm, Nucleoplasm. Magnification: 60X. (A) Phalloidin Texas Red F-Actin stain; DAPI (blue) nuclear stain.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

3 Publications
NBP2-79843
Western Blot: HLA DQ/DR/DP Antibody (HLA-Pan/2967R) - Azide and BSA Free [NBP2-79843] - Western Blot Analysis of Ramos cell lysate using HLA DQ/DR/DP Antibody (HLA-Pan/2967R).Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: HLA DQ/DR/DP Antibody (HLA-Pan/2967R) - Azide and BSA Free [NBP2-79843] - Immunofluorescence staining of PFA-fixed Ramos cells. HLA DQ/DR/DP Recombinant Rabbit Monoclonal Antibody (HLA DQ/DR/DP/2967R) followed by goat anti-rabbit IgG-CF488 (green). Nuclei stained with RedDot.

Rabbit Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow


Related Genes

Chagas Disease has been researched against:

Alternate Names

Chagas Disease is also known as chagas disease, chagas' disease with digestive system involvement, chagas' disease with nervous system involvement, chagas' disease with other organ involvement, south american trypanosomiasis, new world trypanosomiasis, american trypanosomiasis, chagas' disease.