This MTH1 antibody is useful for Western blot, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence and Immunohistochemistry on frozen sections. In WB, a band can be seen at ~18kDa.In Simple Western only 10-15 uL of the recommended dilution is used per data point.
MTH1 (human MutT Homolog 1) is an oxidized purine nucleoside triphosphatase enzyme that belongs to the Nudix hydrolase family and it acts as major mammalian detoxifier of the oxidized DNA precursor, 8-oxo-dGTP thereby exerting antimutagenic effects and suppressing cell dysfunction/death induced by oxidative stress. MTH1 hydrolyzes 8-oxo-dGTP, 8-oxo-dATP and 2-OH-dATP, thereby preventing misincorporation of oxidized purine nucleoside triphosphates into DNA and subsequently preventing A:T to C:G and G:C to T:A transversions. MTH1 also hydrolyzes the corresponding ribonucleotides, 2-OH-ATP, 8-oxo-GTP and 8-oxo-ATP. 2-OH-dADP, 8-OH-dGDP and 8-OH-dGTP inhibit the 2-OH-dATPase activity whereas 8-OH-dGTPase activity is inhibited by 8-OH-dGDP, 2-OH-dADP and 2-OH-dATP. Localized mainly in the cytoplasm, MTH1 has been found in nucleus and mitochondria also, and is widely expressed with highest expression in thymus, testis, embryo, proliferating blood lymphocytes etc. Oxidative DNA damage, e.g. 8-oxoG is known to accumulate both in nuclear and mitochondrial genomes during aging, carcinogenesis or various neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and MTH1 deficiency can increase susceptibility to these oxidative damage mediated dysfunctions.
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FAQs for MTH1 (2)
In the immunohistochemistry paraffin section protocol....the PBS buffer....should it be at certain pH?
For IHC application, different labs cites the pH of PBS buffer in the range of 7.1 - 7.6 but most commonly used pH is pH 7.4 (this is what we use in our lab). You may use this PBS (pH 7.4) for making permeablization buffer, antibody diluent buffers and for making wash buffer. For more on the protocol that we use in our lab and for IHC-P troubleshooting suggestions, you may visit: IHC-P Protocol and IHC-P Troubleshooting.
I was wondering what does Format 7C mean as far as anitbodies go?
7C is a fluorophore - it is useful for FLOW. The details of the fluor are (A=425, E=500)